Nelayan Danau Tempe: Strategi Adaptasi Masyarakat dalam Menghadapi Kondisi Perubahan Musim

Icha Musywirah Hamka, Hamka Naping

Abstract


This article aims to describe how the economic culture of fishing communities in the area of Lake Tempe, Wajo Regency, South Sulawesi, in the face of tough times in two seasons. The existence of Lake Tempe made a lot of people who lived around him rely and making the Lake as a place to look for earnings. Its unique characteristics make Lake Tempe utilized in different ways in accordance with the seasons. It makes the community experience different issues between rainy season and dry season. This research used qualitative methods to get the depiction as a whole on the question of research. The results showed that the activity of fishing communities is changing depending on the season. It has resulted in the community get to know two of the famine, with different problems. The difference of the season brings socio-economic conditions of the difference is then also bring the community on different adaptation patterns. In the rainy season, people are faced with the problem of floods, and in the dry season, people should experience times of economic hardship. For that matter, any other uses different patterns. The rainy season, they adapt by designing the House in accordance with the conditions of the flood. They made rakkeang, bale-bale, Pallangga and patto'do. In the dry season, they overcame economic hardship by switching professions to become farmers, builders, and other informal sector jobs.


Keywords


Strategi Adaptasi; Nelayan Danau; Musim Paceklik, Danau Tempe.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Acheson, Dr. James M. (2006). Institutional Failure in Resource Management. Annual Reviews in Anthropology Vol 35, 117-134. William Durham, ed. Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews.

Arifin, Bustanul. (1999). Kebijakan Ekonomi Kerakyatan: Intervensi Pemerintah Dalam Sistem Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam. Jakarta: AMAN.

Barus, Ternala Alexander. (2007). Keanekaragaman Hayati Ekosistem Danau Toba dan Upaya Pelestariannya. Pidato Pengukuhan Guru Besar Tetap Pada Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam. Medan: Universitas Sumatra Utara

Fitria, Eva. (2008). Analisis Kualitas Air dan Hubungannya dengan Keanekaragaman Vegetasi Akuatik Di Perairan Parapat Danau Toba. Tesis. Medan: Universitas Sumatera Utara

Haryono, Trijoko Sri. (2005). Strategi Kelangsungan Hidup Nelayan. Jurnal Berkala Ilmiah Kependudukan 7 (2), 126-127

Helmi, Alfian. Dkk. (2012). Strategi Adaptasi Nelayan Terhadap Perubahan Ekologis. Makara, Sosial Humaniora, Vol. 16, No. 1, Juli 2012.Hal 68-78

Lumaksono,Galih. (2013). Strategi Adaptasi Masyarakat Dalam Menghadapi Kekurangan Air Bersih (Studi Kasus Di Kampung Jomblang Perbalan Kelurahan Candi Kecamatan Candisari Kota Semarang). Skripsi. Semarang. Universitas Negeri Semarang

Naing, Naidah. (2009). Kearifan Lokal Tradisional Masyarakat Nelayan Pada pemukiman Mengapung Di Danau Tempe Sulawesi Selatan. Surabaya, Local Wisdom Volume: I, Nomor: 1. Halaman: 19 - 26, Nopember 2009

Patriana, Ratna Dkk. (2013). Pola Adaptasi Nelayan Terhadap Perubahan Iklim: Studi Kasus Nelayan Dusun Ciawitali, Desa Pamotan, Kecamatan Kalipucang, Kabupaten Ciamis, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Sosek Kp Vol. 8 No. 1 Tahun 2013. Hal 11-23

Siahaan, N.H.T. (2004). Hukum Lingkungan dan Ekologi Pembangunan. Jakarta: Erlangga

Sitepu, Lonaria. (2012). Pola Adaptasi Sosial Ekonomi Masyarakat Desa Suka Meriah Pasca Bencana Alam Gunung Sinabung. Skripsi. Medan. Universitas Sumatra Utara.

Syahfitri, Aria Mardiani. (2017). Adaptasi Sosial Masyarakat Rusunawa Kota Binjai. Skripsi. Medan. Universitas Sumatra Utara.

Ulfa, Mariam. (2018). Persepsi Masyarakat Nelayan Dalam Menghadapi Perubahan Iklim (Ditinjau Dalam Aspek Sosial Ekonomi). Jurnal Pendidikan Geografi, Tahun 23, Nomor 1, Jan 2018 , Hal 41-49.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31947/etnosia.v4i1.5485

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 ETNOSIA : Jurnal Etnografi Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

ETNOSIA: Journal Etnografi Indonesia has been indexed in : 

          

____________________________________________________

ETNOSIA: Jurnal Etnografi Indonesia

Department of Anthropology

Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Hasanuddin University

Makassar, Indonesia.

email: jurnal.etnosia@gmail.com; jurnal.etnosia@unhas.ac.id

 

 

 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.