‘Feels (Not) Like At Home’: Perlakuan di Lapas, Interaksi Sosial dan Harapan Pengguna Narkoba Mantan Narapidana

Shanti Riskiyani

Abstract


Abstract
The estimation of HIV prevalence among prisoners is 24 times higher than that of the general
population in Indonesia. This high HIV prevalence in a number of prison in Indonesia is caused by
the many drug users who become prisoners (Kemenhukham2010). The existence of Harm
Reductionprogram in Indonesia plays a significant role in the success of the reduction in the risk of
HIV transmission through injecting among drug users. This article is focused on thesocial
interaction experienced by drug users when they are sentenced and after serving a sentence.
Despite the fact that Ditjenpas declares that prisoners are entitled to obtain appropriate treatment,
most drug users, particularly injecting drug users, feel that they are treated differently from other
prisoners as well as warden due to their drug users status, especially when they access health
services. Thus, they end up learning helplessly because of their prisoner status. Drug users prefer
to be isolated from other non-drug user prisoners since the interaction with the latter has given
them a chance ‘to learn’ about other kinds of criminals. Interaction among drug users themselves
is relatively fine, and they share ‘sense of togetherness’ and ‘sense of belongingness’ led to their
security in the prison. But this is not the case between drug users and non-drug use prisoners. The
latter tends to stigmatize. Family support when they are sentenced and after serving a sentence is
highly expected because family plays a significant role to help them dealing with their addiction
andthe effort to get out from drug use vicious circle, particularly for their healthcare. Many
support by their family, others are neglected. But, family can also be the one who supports their
drug using habit in the secure atmosphere (named home) to secure family shame. When they
release from prison, many expect to be accepted as other members of the society and are included
in surrounding social activities. Others prefer to be socially neglected because they perceive that
others concern potentially lead to social stigma
Keywords: drugs, ex-convict, social interaction, HIV, prisoners.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31947/etnosia.v1i1.997

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Department of Anthropology
Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Hasanuddin University
Makassar, Indonesia.
email: jurnal.etnosia@gmail.com; jurnal.etnosia@unhas.ac.id

 

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