PHYTOACCUMULATION OF CHROMIUM(VI) METAL ION BY SNAKE PLANT (Sansevieria tifasciata Prain)

Nini Astuti Alwi, Asmawati Asmawati, Syarifuddin Liong

Abstract


Snake plant (Sansevieria trifasciata Prain) used as one of the phytoremediation techniques to absorb chromium metal. Snake plants (Sansevieria trifasciata Prain) to accumulate ion of Cr(VI) from the soil by using variation of pollutant concentration and time variation. Pollutant concentration used were 100; 200; 400; and 800ppm. The concentration of metal ions Cr(VI) that has been absorbed can be determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The result showed that the accumulation of metal ions Cr(VI) on snake plant biggest in the third week which is 6,30 mg/kg dry weight. Types or phytoremediation mechanisms that occur in the accumulation of Cr(VI) in snake plant is rhyzofiltration. Based on the result of snake plant are not potentially as hyperaccumulator plant of Chrom.





Keywords


Phytoremediation, Hyperaccumulator, Sansevieria tifasciata Prain, Crhomium

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aiyen, 2004, Importance of Root Growth Parameters to Cd and Zn Acquisition by Nonhyperaccumulator and hyperaccumulator Plants, Disseraion University of Hohenhein, Institutebof Plants Nutrition, Verlag Graner- Meuren-Stutgard.

ASTDR, 2006, Case Studies In Environmental Medicine. Chromium Toxicity, U.S. Departement of Health and Human Services.

Candra, P., Khoirina, D.W., Firdaus, and Maulidin, 2007, Utilization of Heavy Metal Liquid Waste in the Textile Industry for Iron Metal Coating with Electroplating Method, LPPM, Yogyakarta..

Cave, R.L., Butler, O., Chenery, S.R.N., Cook, J.M., Cresser, M.S., dan Miles, D.L., 2000, Atomic Spectrometry Update Enviremental Analysis, J. Anal. At. Spectrom, 16: 194-235.

Fardiaz, S., 2008, Polusi Air dan Udara, Kanisius, Yogyakarta.

Gosh, M., and Singh, S.P. 2005. Comparative Intake and Phytpextraction Study of Soil Induced Chromium by Accumulation and High Biomas Sweed Spesies, Applied Ecology and Enviromental Research, 3(2): 67-69.

Hardiani, H., 2009, Potential of Plants in Accumulating Cu Metal in Soil Media Accumulated by Solid Paper Industry, Phytochemical Journal, 44 (1): 27-40.

Hartanti, P.I., Haji, A.T.S., Wirosoedarmo, R., 2014, Effect of Dichengia (Eichornia crassipes) Plant Density on Chromium Metal Decrease in Liquid Tannery Liquid, Journal of Natural Resources and Environment, 1: 31-37.

Jeliazko, V.D., 2001, Study on Heavy Metals Absorption by Plants, University of Massachusetts Amherst.

Liong, S., Noor, A., Taba, P., Abdullah, A., 2010, Study of Phytoaccumulation of Pb in Land Kale (Ipomea reptans Poir), (Online), (http://www.pustaka.ut.ac .id), accessed on the 20th of November 2015 at 17.00 WITA.

Mimaki, Y., Inoue, T., Sashida, Y., 1996, Steroidal Saponins From Sansevieria trifasciata, Elsevier Science Ltd., 43(6): 1325-1331.

Muliadi, Liestianty, D., and Yanny, 2013, Phytoremediation: Accumulation and Distribution of Heavy Metal Cadmium Nickel and Chromium in Ipomea reptana Plants, Phytoremediation, 1: 1-5.

Nouairi, I., Ammar, W.B., Youssef, N.B., Daoud, D.B.M., Ghorbal, MH., dan Zarrouk, M., 2006, Compaarative Study of Cadmium Efffects on Membrane Lipid Composition of Brassica juncea and Brassica napus leaves, Plant Science, 170(3): 511-519.

Piotrowska-Cyplik, A., dan Czarnecki, Z., 2005, Phytoextraction of Pb, Cr, and Cd by Hemp During Sugar Industry Anaerobic Sewage, Sludge Treatment, Electronic Journal of Polish Agricultural Universites, 8(1): 1-7.

Pradipta, A., 2011, Effect of Extraction Method on the Antibacterial Activity of Ethanol Extract of Sansiveria Leaf Trifasiata Prain Against Staphlococcus aureus IFO 13276 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa IFO 12698, Faculty of Technology, University of Atma Jaya, Yogyakarta.

Purwanto, A.W., 2006, Sansevieria: Beautiful Poisonous Absorbent Flora, Kanisius, Yogyakarta.

Putri, Y.D., Holik, H.B., Musfiroh, I., 2014, Utilization of Ponterideceae as a Phytoremediation Agent in the Processing of Chrome Waste in the Leather Tanning Industry, IJPST, 1 (1): 26-33.

Subroto, M.A, 1996, Phytoremediation. In: Proceedings of the Training and Workshop on the Role of Bioremediation in Environmental Management, Cibinong, 24-25 June 1996.

Yoon, J., Cao, X., Zhou, Q., dan Ma, L.Q., 2006, Accumulation of Pb, Cu, and Zn in Native Plants Growing on A Contamined Florida Site, Science of The Total Envirement, 368(2): 456-464.

Yusuf, M., Zubair, A., and Arsyad, A., 2015, Phytoremediation of Soil-Polluted Pb and Cd Soil Using Using Tongue Mert Plants (Sansevieria trifasciata), unpublished thesis, Hasanuddin University.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20956/ica.v11i2.6486

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Akta Kimia Indonesia (Indonesia Chimica Acta) indexed in:

                                ________________________________

INDONESIA CHIMICA ACTA JOURNAL (ICA)
DEPARTEMENT OF CHEMISTRY
FACULTY OF MATHEMATICS AND NATURAL SCIENCES
HASANUDDIN UNIVERSITY
p-ISSN : 2085-014X
e-ISSN : 2655-6049
Perintis Kemerdekaan Street KM.10 Tamalanrea, Makassar 90245
Telp/Fax. 0411-586498,586498 Ext. 1092; Contact Person: +6285242520068
Email: ica@unhas.ac.id/ ica.sciunhas@gmail.com

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License