Effect of Yeast Based Biofertilizer combined with bacteria on Mustard Plant Growth

Nur Hidayatul Alami

Abstract


Biofertilizers are commonly defined as microbial inoculants which are capable of mobilizing important nutrient in the soil from non-available to available form for the plants through their biological processes. Hence to increase the productivity of the soil, the use of biofertilizer is necessary. Candida yeast as a phosphate solubilizer and decomposer. Azotobacter bacteria as a nitrogen-fixing bacteria and Bacillus as a phosphate solubilizer. The combination of these microorganisms as biofertilizer needs to be tested its effect against mustard (Brassica juncea L.) plant growth.The results showed that the combination of Bacillus Candida obtained the highest yield among other biofertilizer treatments with a value of 13.6 cm at plant height, 4.96 grams in wet weight and 2.29 grams in dry weight. The combination of Azotobacter Candida showed the highest result on the parameter of width and number of leaves with the values of 20.3 cm and 5.3. Combination of Azotobacter Bacillus Candida showed the highest yield on the root length parameter with a value of 5.0 cm. The addition of biofertilizer is expected to reduce pollution on the soil due to residues produced by chemical fertilizers.

Keyword : Azotobacter, Bacillus, Biofertilizer, Candida, Mustard Plant


Full Text:

PDF

References


Agamy, R., Hashem, M. & Alamri, S. 2013. Effect Of Soil Amendment With Yeasts As Bio-Fertilizers On The Growth And Productivity of Sugar Beet. African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 8(1).

Ali,S.S & Vidhale, N.N.. 2013. Bacterial Siderophore and their Application: A review. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci, 2(12): 303-312

Amprayn, K.O., Rose, M.T., Kecskes, M.., Pereg, L., Nguyen, H.T.., & Kennedy, I.R.. 2012. Plant Growth Promoting Characteristics of Soil Yeast (Candida tropicalis HY) and its Effectiveness for Promoting Rice Growth. Journal Of Applied Soil Ecology, 61: 295– 299.

Anubrata, P. & Rajendra,D. 2014. Isolation, Characterization, Production of Biofertilizer, and Its Effect on Vegetable Plants with and without Carrier Materials. International Journal of Current Research, Vol 6: 7986-7995

Brock,T. D. & Madigan,M. T.,1991. Biology of Microorganisms. Sixth ed. Prentice Hall International,Inc

Cavalier-Smith, T. 1998. A Revised Six-Kingdom System Of Life. Biological Reviews, 73: 203–66.

Devi,M., Sharma,H.K., Rana, K. & Mehta,D.K. 2017. Studies on Flower Biology and Pollination in Mustard (Brassica juncea L.). International Journal of Science and Nature, Vol 8(1):35-39

Duraisam,R. Salelgn,K. & Berekete, A.K. 2017. Production of Beet Sugar and Bio-ethanol from Sugar beet and it Bagasse: A Review. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), Volume 43

Fleet G.H. 1992. Spoilage Yeasts. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology. 12 (1/2): 1-20.

Lucy, M., Reed, E., & Glick, B.R. 2004. Application of Free Living Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek, 86: 1–25.

Maheswar, N. U. & Sathiyavani, G. 2012. Solubilization of Phosphate by Bacillus Sps, from Groundnut Rhizosphere. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 4(8):4007-4011

Masso,C., Ochieng, J.R.A. & Vanlauwe, B. 2015. Worldwide Contrast in Application of Bio-Fertilizers for Sustainable Agriculture: Lessons for Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, Vol.5, No.12

New,M.T.,Yu,S.S. & Latt, Z.K. 2013. Study on Phosphate Solubilization of Salt Tolerant Soil Yeast Isolates and Effects on Maize Germination and Growth. International Journal of Advances in Applied Sciences (IJAAS), Vol. 2, No. 3: 157-164

Ng’etich, Niyokuri, O.K.A.N., Rono, J.J., Fashaho,A. & Ogweno J.O.2013. Effect of Different Rates of Nitrogen Fertilizer on the Growth and Yield of Zucchini (Cucurbita pepo cv. Diamant L.) Hybrid F1 in Rwandan High Altitude Zone. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences. IJACS/2013/5-1/5

Noel,D.D., Nafan,D., Souleymane,S., Jean-Luc,M.A., Jesus, F.I.& and Lamine,B.M. 2016. Combination of Rizhobacteria and Foliar Bio-Fertilizer Accelerating Maize and Soybean Crop Plants Growth Process in Arid Soil. Academia Journal of Agricultural Research 4(7): 446-456.

Park, Y., Mun,B., Kang, S., Hussain, A., Shahzad, R., Seo, C., Kim, A., Lee, S., Oh, K.Y., Lee,D.Y., Lee, I. & Yun, B. 2017. Bacillus aryabhattai SRB02 Tolerates Oxidative and Nitrosative Stress and Promotes the Growth of Soybean by Modulating the Production of Phytohormones. Plos One, V.12(3)

Paszt, L.S., Derkowska, E., Trzciński, P., Przybył, M. & Weszczak, K. 2015. Influence of Biofertilizers on Plant Growth and Rhizosphere Microbiology of Greenhouse-Grown Strawberry Cultivars. Acta Sci. Pol. Hortorum Cultus, 14(6) : 83-96.

Paulton, R.J.L. The Bacterial Growth Curve. 1991.J Biol Educ. 25: 92–93.

Plaster, E. J. 2003. Soil Science and Mangement. Delmar Learning Inc. 4th ed United States. 384 p.

Sigma-Aldrich. 2013. https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/content/dam/sigma-aldrich/docs/Sigma-Aldrich/Datasheet/1/c1551dat.pdf

Smith, S.E. & Read, D.J. 2008. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, 3rd ed. New York, London, Burlington, San Diego: Elsevier and Academic.

Vessey, J.K. 2003. Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria as Biofertilizers. Plant Soil, 255: 571–86.

Wang, X., Pan, Q., Chen, F., Yan, X. & Liao, H. 2011. Effects of Co-inoculation with Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Rhizobia on Soybean Growth as Related to Root Architecture and Availability of N and P. Mycorrhiza 21:173–181.

Wani, S.A., Subhash, C. & Tahir, A. 2013. Potential Use Of Azotobacter Chroococcum in Crop Production. Current Agriculture Research Journal Vol 1 (1).

Xiao, C., Chi, R., Pan, X., Liu, F. & He, J. 2013. Rock Phosphate Solubilization by Four Yeast Strains. Annals of Microbiology, Vol 63: 173-178


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



International Journal of Applied Biology, p-ISSN : 2580-2410 e-ISSN : 2580-2119 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Preserved in LOCKSS, based at Stanford University Libraries, United Kingdom, through PKP Private LOCKSS Network program.

 

International Journal of Applied Biology has been indexed by :