Vegetation structure, species diversity, and mangrove zonation patterns in the Tanjung Panjang Nature Reserve Area, Gorontalo, Indonesia

Dewi Wahyuni Baderan, Ramli Utina, Nuraini Lapolo


This study aimed to analyze the structure of vegetation, diversity and patterns of mangrove zonation in the Tanjung Panjang Nature Reserve area. Data collection of mangrove vegetation structure was carried out by using the line transect method (plot measuring 20 m x 20 m), measurement of environmental parameters that supported mangrove life, and 12 soil samples carried out by laboratory tests. The sample distribution was 18 research sample points. The results showed that mangrove vegetation density both at the level of trees, saplings and seedlings was in the category of total damage with density values at tree level 0.04-0.22 ind/ha), sapling 0- 0.07ind/ha), and seedlings 0.02-0.08 ind/Ha). The percentage of closure types ranged from 0% - 38%, meaning that the criteria of damage was rare, which was <50%, and some were included in the criteria of total damage, which was 0%. The index of mangrove species diversity was sequential starting from the level of trees, saplings and seedlings, which were 0.37-1.53, 0.00-0.31, and 0.00, where the tree level diversity index was in the medium category, and the sapling and seedling levels were in the low category.

Full Text:



Baderan, D.W. (2013). Economic Valuation Model as the Basis for Mangrove Forest Rehabilitation in Coastal Areas of Kwandang District, North Gorontalo Province, Gorontalo Province. Dissertation. Postgraduate Program of the Faculty of Geography, Gajah Mada University, Yogyakarta.

Baderan, D.W. (2017). Spatial and widespread distribution of mangrove forest damage in the Kwandang Coastal Area North Gorontalo District Gorontalo Province. GeoEco. 3(1) : 2460-0768.

Baderan, D.W., Rahim, S., Kumaji, S.S (2017). Structure of Vegetation, Biomass, and Carbon stock of Langge Mangrove Forest, North Gorontalo Regency, Gorontalo Province (Research Report). Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 11 (14) 48-57.

Blue forests. 2017. Biophysical and Socio Economic Mapping for the Restoration of Tanjung Panjang Natural Reserve. Reports on the mapping of the Tanjung Panjang Natural Reserve survey, ROAM Program. Supported by IUCN, Thailand.

International Journal of Applied Biology, 2(2), 2018

Bengen, D.G. (2004). Technical Guidelines for Introduction and Management of Mangrove Ecosystems. Bogor Coastal and Marine Resources Study Center. Bogor.

Brower, J.E., Jerrold H.Z., Car I.N.V.E. (1990). Field and Laboratory Methods for General Ecology. Third Edition. Wm.C.Brown Publisher, USA, New York.

Cochard, R. ranamukhaarachchi. S. Shivakoti. GP, Shipin, OV, PJ. And Seeland. K, (2008). The 2004 tsunami in Aceh and Southern Thailand: A Review on Coastal Ecosytem. Wave hazard and vulnerability. Perspectives in Plant Ecology. Evolution and Systematics. 10: 3-40.

Dahuri, R., J. Rais, S. P. Ginting, and M. J. Sitepu, (1996). Management of Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management Resources. PT. Pradnya Paramita, Jakarta.

Damanik, R, and Djamaludin R. (2012). Atlas Mangrove Tomini Bay. Mangrove Condition Survey Gulf of Tomini Program SUSCLAM (Sustainable Coastal Livelihoods and Management Program). Gorontalo.

Gedan, KB, Kirwan. ML, Wolanski. E. Barbier, EB and Silliman. BR. (2011). The Present and Future Role of Coastal Wetland Vegetation in Protecting Shoreline: Answering Recent Challenges to the Paradigm. Climatic Change. 106: 7-29.

Giesen W., Wulffraat S., Zieren M., Scholten L. (2006). Mangrove guidebook for southeast Asia. Bangkok: Rap Publication, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific.

Humaidy D. (2010). A Study on the degradation of mangrove ecosystem for rehabilitation in the coastal area of Kasemen subdistrict, Serang city. (Thesis). Department of Water Resources Management, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor.

Juwita, E., Soewardi, K., Yonvitner. (2015). Habitat Conditions and Mangrove Ecosystems in Simpang Pesak District, East Belitung for Shrimp Pond Development. Journal of Humans and the Environment. 22(1): 59-65..

Kathiresan Rajendra K and N, (2005). Tsunami Coastal Mangrove Forest mitigated. Estuarine. Coastal and Shelf Science. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 234: 255-273.

Krebs, C.J. (1989). Ecologycal Methodology. Harper Collins Publisher Inc, New York. Kusmana, C. (1997). Suryvey method for vegetation. Institute of Agriculture, Bogor. Bogor. Kusman C. S. Basuni, S. Wilarso. Ichwandi I., O. Haridjaja. A. Salah and Samsuri, (2005).

Directives for Mangrove Forest and Coastal Forest Rehabilitaiton and tsumani in Earthquake Disaster Areas in the Provinces of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam and North Sumatra. Journal of Tropical Forest Management. 11(2) : 70-84.

Lapolo, N., Utina R, Baderan DWK. (2018). Diversity and density of crabs in degraded mangrove areas at Tanjung Panjang Nature Reserve in Gorontalo, Indonesia. Journal of Biodiversity. 19(3) : 1154-1159.

Noor, Y.R., Khazali M., Suryadiputra I.N.N. (2012). Guide to Introduction to Mangroves in Indonesia. Third print. Wetlands International Indonesia Program. Bogor.

Pamungkas, N A. (2011). Development of Phytoplankton Abundance with Liquid Organic Fertilizer. Periodic Fisheries. 39(1): 79-90.

Pasongli, H., Dirawan, G D., and Suprapta. (2015). Zoning of Pond Suitability for Vaname Shrimp Cultivation Development (Penaeus vannamei) on Water Quality Aspects in Todowongi Village, Jailolo District, West Halmahera Regency. Bioeducation Journal. 3(2): 324-335.

International Journal of Applied Biology, 2(2), 2018

Rahim, S, Baderan, DWK, Hamidun, S. (2017). The Density, Composition and Mangrove Forest of Torosiaje Jaya Village, Gorontalo, Indonesia. Bonorowo Wetlands. 7(1): 38-42.

Barru South Sulawesi. Thesis (Online). Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Hasanuddin University, Makassar. Retrieved on 3 January 2018.

Zaky, A R., Suryono, C A., Pribadi, R. (2012). Study of Mangrove Land Conditions in Bedono Village, Sayung District, Demak Regency and Mangunharjo Village, Tugu District, Semarang City. Journal of Marine Research. 1(2): 88-97.

Zulkarnaini, Z. Saam, V. Amrivo, and D. Miswadi. (2017). Community Structure and Economic Evaluation Mangrove Village In Bengkalis District. International Journal of Oceans and Oceanography ISSN 0973-2667. 11(1): 63-74. Retrieved on 3 January 2018.



  • There are currently no refbacks.


International Journal of Applied Biology, p-ISSN : 2580-2410 e-ISSN : 2580-2119 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Preserved in LOCKSS, based at Stanford University Libraries, United Kingdom, through PKP Private LOCKSS Network program.


International Journal of Applied Biology has been indexed by :