Diversity of Ordo Lepidoptera In Mangkok Resort, Sebangau National Park, Central Kalimantan

Achmad Faqih

Abstract


The diversity of the butterfly in Sebangau National Park, particularly in the Mangkok Resort area has different morphological features in each species. The differences distinguish each species between families. Steps to know the diversity species or populations can be measured and identified based on similarities or differences in Shannon-Wiener's diversity analysis. This research was conducted by random purposive sampling using insect net and food trap. Observation and sampling were conducted in the area of natural forest and forest restoration during the dry and rainy seasons. The results showed, the species obtained and identified as many as 25 species from 4 families namely Papilionidae, Nymphalidae, Pieridae and Lycaenidae. Butterflies obtained from food trap are 24 individuals from 5 species. The level of diversity, evenness and richness of the species of butterflies in each region during the rainy and dry seasons which are the location of the study are included in the "medium" category with the average value of the diversity index, the evenness and the richness of the butterfly species of 2.502. The relative dominance and relative abundance of the butterfly species in the Mangkok resort shows no species communities that are extreme dominant from species other.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Borror, D. J., C. A, Triplehorn., & N. F, Johnson. 1992. Pengenalan pelajaran serangga. Edisi Keenam. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press. Terjemahan dari: Introduction to the Study of Insect. Sixth Edition.

Clara, L. B., S, Anna., D. B, Ribeiro., L. C, Garcia., & A. V. L, Freitas. 2014. Fruit-feeding butterfly communities are influenced by restoration age in tropical forests. Society For Ecological Restoration 1: 1-6.

Drumbell, A.J., & J. A, Hill. 2005. Impacts of selective logging on canopy and ground assemblages of tropical forest butterflies: Implications for sampling. Biological Conservation 125: 123-131.

Garcia, L. C., R. J. Hobbs, F. A. M. Santos., and R. R. Rodrigues. 2014. Flower and fruit availability along a forest restoration gradient. Biotropica 46: 114–123.

Harrison, M. E., S. E, Page., & S. H, Limin. 2009. The global impact of Indonesian forest fires. Biologist 56: 156 – 163.

Helvoort, B.V. 1981. Bird Populations in The Rural Ecosistems of West Java. Nature Conservation Depertment. Netrherlands.

Houlihan, P. R., M. E, Harrison., & S. M, Cheyne. 2013. Impacts of forest gaps on butterfly diversity in a Bornean peat-swamp forest. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomolgy 16: 67-73. Margaret, N., V, Anu., N, Philip., & R, Heikki. 2014. Fruit-feeding communities as indicators of

forest restoration in an Afro-tropical rainforest. Biological Conservation 174: 75-83. Magurran, A. E. 1988. Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement. Chapman and Hall: USA. Myers, N., R. A, Mittermeier., C. G, Mittermeier., G. A. B, Fonseca., J, Kent. 2000. Biodiversity

hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403: 853–858.

Odum, E. P. 1971. Fundamentals of Ecology. Toronto: W. B. Saunders Company.

Page, S. E., S, Siegert., J, Rieley., H, Boehm., A, Jaya., & S. H, Limin. 2002. The amount of carbon

released from peat and forest fires in Indonesia during 1997. Nature 420: 61-65. Patton, R.L. (1963). Introductory Insect Physiology. W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia and

London. Toppan Company Limited. Tokyo, Japan.

Sodhi, N. S., L.P, Koh., B.W, Brook., P. K. L, Neg. 2004. Southeast Asian biodiversity: an

impending disaster. Trends Ecology Evol 19: 654–660.

Terry, T.M. 2000. Microbial taxonomy and evolution. MCB 229. Spring 2000. University of

Connecticut. Department of Molecular & Cell Biology.

Vu. L. V., & C. Q, Vu. 2011. Diversity pattern of butterfly communities (Lepidoptera,

Papilionidae) in different habitat types in a tropical rain forest of Southern Vietnam. International Scholarly Research Network ISRN Zoology 1: 1-8.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20956/ijab.v2i2.5815

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 


International Journal of Applied Biology, p-ISSN : 2580-2410 e-ISSN : 2580-2119 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Preserved in LOCKSS, based at Stanford University Libraries, United Kingdom, through PKP Private LOCKSS Network program.

 

International Journal of Applied Biology has been indexed by :