Prinsip-prinsip Dasar Rasionalisasi Birokrasi Max Weber Pada Organisasi Perangkat Daerah Kota Kendari Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara

Abdul Kadir

Abstract


Abstrak : Penelitian ini Berjudul Prinsip-Prinsip Dasar Rasionalisasi Birokrasi Max Weber Pada Organisasi Perangkat Daerah Kota Kendari Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menjelaskan dan menginterpretasikan penerapan karakteristik birokrasi Max Weber yang idealnya dapat menjadi sarana kontrol imperatif atas tindakan pejabat organisasi perangkat daerah Kota Kendari Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Penelitian ini menggunakan perspektif sistem rasional. Strategi penelitian  kualitatif yang digunakan adalah etnografi. Fenomena birokrasi dieksplorasi secara natural dalam dunia kerja para birokrat, kemudian membangun interpretasi berdasarkan metodologi Verstehen Max Weber melalui prosedur idiografik untuk membentuk idiographic knowledge. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara, pengamatan dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan model analisis interaktif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penerapan prinsip-prinsip dasar birokrasi Max Weber yang mencakup standardisasi dan formalisasi, pembagian kerja dan spesialisasi, hirarki otoritas, profesionalitas, dan dokumentasi tertulis pada organisasi perangkat daerah Kota Kendari Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara kurang sesuai dengan tipe ideal Max Weber sehingga tidak dapat menjadi sarana kontrol imperatif atas tindakan  pejabat organisasi tersebut. Karakteristik birokrasi Max Weber yang kurang sesuai penerapannya pada organisasi perangkat daerah Kota Kendari Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara mengakibatkan tindakan-tindakan pejabat kurang terkontrol. Hal tersebut ditandai dengan: pejabat memasukkan tatanan personal ke  dalam  perintah dan kepatuhan; tindakan-tindakan pejabat kurang berfokus pada  pencapaian efisiensi organisasi; anggota organisasi tidak terhubung dalam suatu struktur kontrol atasan-bawahan yang piramidal sehingga tidak terjadi kejelasan arah perintah dan kohesi serta kontinuitas pekerjaan di dalam organisasi; pelaksanaan kontrol tidak berbasis pengetahuan teknis; dan tidak terjadi kontinuitas operasional serta keamanan pejabat organisasi perangkat daerah.

Kata kunci : Birokrasi Max Weber, Kontrol imperatif

Abstract : This research entitled Fundamental Principles of Max Weber’s Rational Bureaucracy in Kendari City, South- East Sulawesi Province. The purpose of study is to explain and interpret the characteristics of Max Weber’s bureaucracy that canastas an imperative control for officials ‘actions of Kendari City, South-East Sulawesi Province. This study utilizes a rational system perspective and applies qualitative research strategy with ethnography. The phenomenon of bureaucracy was explored naturally in the bureaucratic system, and then develops an interpretation based on Max Weber’s Verstehen methodology through ideography procedure to form the idiographic knowledge. Data was collected through interview, observation and documentation. The data was analyzed by an interactive model. The study found that the bureaucracy of Kendari City did not effectively employ the Max Weber’s characteristics of bureaucracy-which covers standardization and formalization, division of labor and specialization, hierarchy of authority, professionalization, and written documentation–that make uncontrolled actions of officials. The characteristics of uncontrolled actions are the officials fulfilled by personal consideration; less focus at highest administration efficiency attainment; organizational member do not interconnected in a superordinat-subordinate structure of control so that so that cause the ill defined command direction,  no  cohesion and work continuity in organization; exercising  control not base on  the technical knowledge; and there is sustainable operational procedure and job security in organization.

Key words : Max Weber’s bureaucracy; Imperatives control.


Keywords


Birokrasi Max Weber; Kontrol imperatif

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