Karakteristik Budaya Organisasi Dan Hubungannya Dengan Kinerja Organisasi Pada Lembaga Penjaminan Mutu Pendidikan Di Indonesia

La Mansur

Abstract


Abstrak : Budaya organisasi yang telah diyakini sebagai sumber kekuatan baru dalam meningkatkan kinerja organisasi, telah menjadi tumpuan pada pengembangan setiap organisasi termasuk pada organisasi publik, dan telah dimulai oleh Andrew Pettigrew (1979) di awal tahun 1980an, dan Peter and Waterman, Jr. (1982), sehingga dalam pengembangan organisasi tidak bisa lagi hanya bertumpu pada perangkat keras organisasi semata, seperti strategi, struktur dan sistem, tanpa memperhatikan budaya organisasi. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada 30 LPMP di seluruh Indonesia sebagai populasi sekaligus sampel (saturation sampling) dan digunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan 99 informan yang terpilih dari 129 pejabat IV pada LPMP di seluruh Indonesia. Data penelitian dikumpulkan menggunakan kuesioner yang disebarkan melalui website http://survei.lamansur.net dan diuji dengan uji korelasi Kendall’s tau_b dengan bantuan SPSS for windows versi 19. Temuan penelitian menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik budaya organisasi berhubungan positif sangat kuat dan signifikan dengan kinerja organisasi (𝜆  = 0,728 & α =0,000). Hasil uji secara terpisah, diketahui bahwa agresivitas dan orientasi pada Tim sangat kuat dan signifikan hubungannya dengan kinerja organisasi, sedangkan perhatian pada hal – hal rinci, inovasi dan keberanian mengambil resiko, dan orientasi pada hasil dalam kategori kuat, dan orientasi pada orang dalam kategori positif sedang. Sedangkan stabilitas berhubungan positif tapi lemah dan hanya signifikan pada level 0,1.

Kata kunci : Budaya, Organisasi, Kinerja, Karakteristik, LPMP

Abstract : Organizational culture has been believed as the new source to improve the performance of the organization. It becomes the foundation of the organization development including public organization which was initiated by Andrew Pettigrew (1979) in 1980 and Peter and Waterman, Jr.(1982). As result, most scholars articulate that developing organization no longer merely rely on hardware organization such as strategy, structure and systems without considering the organizational culture. This research was conducted at 30 LPMP throughout Indonesia as well as the sample population (saturation sampling) and used a quantitative approach with 99 informants selected from 129 officers in LPMP IV throughout Indonesia. The research data were collected using questionnaires distributed through the website http://survei.lamansur.net and tested with Kendall's correlation test tau_bwith the help of SPSS for windows version 19. The study findings suggest that the characteristics of organizational culture is strongly positively associated with organizational performance and significant (λ =0.728 and α=0.000. The result of divided test shows that aggressiveness and orientation on team are very strong and their relationship with performance organization is positively significant. On the other hand, attention to the detailed things, innovation and courage to take risks, and orientation on the results in the strong category, and orientation for internal officials are in medium positive category. Additionally, the stability has positive relationship but in weak level with only significant at 0.1 level.

Key words : Culture, Organization, Performance, Characteristics, LPMP


Keywords


Budaya; Organisasi; Kinerja; Karakteristik; LPMP

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References


Robbins, Stephen P., (2001), Organizational Behavior, New Jersey: Pearson Educational International.

Gibson, James L., John M. Ivancehichdan James H. Donnely, Jr. (1996) Organisasi, Perilaku, Struktur, Proses, (Alih Bahasa Nunuk Adiarni). Bina Rupa Aksara, Jakarta.

Pettigrew, Andrew M. (1979). On Studying Organizational cultures in administratie science quarterly. Dec. 1979, Vo; 24 Cornell University.

Schein, Edgar H. (1992). Organizational Culture and Leadership. San Fransisco: Jossey Bas, Pub.

Wibowo, 2010. Manajemen Kinerja. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo.


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