ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities http://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish <p>ELS-JISH (E-ISSN: <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1524056217" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2621-0835</a> | P-ISSN: <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1524580924" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2621-0843</a>) is a journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities: Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture, a scholarly peer-reviewed international scientific journal published quartely by the <strong>Faculty of Cultural Sciences Hasanuddin University</strong>, focusing on theories, methods, and materials in Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture (study and research). It provides a high profile, leading edge forum for academics, professionals, educators, consultants, practitioners and postgraduate students in the field of English Language Studies (ELS) to contribute and disseminate innovative new work on the disciplines. JISH was started in 2017 and first published in 2018. It invites original, previously unpublished, research and survey articles, plus research-in-progress reports and short research notes, on both practical and theoretical aspects of Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture.</p> Hasanuddin University en-US ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities 2621-0843 Cultivating Gratitude: Essential Korean Thankfulness Phrases for Indonesian Learners http://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/34881 <p><em>This research explores various ways of expressing gratitude in the Korean language and their effects on Indonesian learners of Korean. Through the analysis of language variations involving expressions of gratitude in Korean, it highlights differences in formality, familiarity, and intensity of gratitude expressed. This research utilized a descriptive qualitative method. The data for this study were obtained from online books and related articles. The results indicate that understanding various expressions of gratitude has a positive impact on communication skills, politeness, cultural adaptation, and social integration for Indonesian learners. By expanding their knowledge of the Korean language and culture, learners can more easily interact with native speakers, strengthen interpersonal relationships, and gain a deeper understanding of Korean culture as a whole. The implications of this research provide insights into the importance of understanding language variations in social and cultural contexts, as well as their implications for language learning and cross-cultural integration.</em></p> Kwon Youngsun Somadi Sosrohadi Citra Andini Shua Jung Ko Yookyung Park Kyeong Jae Copyright (c) 2024 Kwon Youngsun https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-01 2024-06-01 7 2 248 253 10.34050/elsjish.v7i2.34881 Discourse Strategies of Administrative Communication in Selected Agricultural Research Institutes in Nigeria http://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/34627 <p><em>The study critically examines the discourse strategies of administrative communication in selected agricultural research institutes in Nigeria. Twenty (20) correspondences of two of the Nigerian agricultural research institutes: Nigerian Stored Products Research Institute (NSPRI) and Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria (CRIN) were randomly selected. Thirteen (13) of the excerpts were purposively sampled for the analysis. The data cover all selected communication outlets from the files of the selected Nigerian agricultural research institutes. Data analysis was anchored to Fairclough’s aspect of Critical Discourse Analysis. Findings reveal that thirteen (13) strategies are employed in the discourses of administrative correspondence of the selected agricultural research institutes and the strategies include command, discipline, commendation, evasive, deadline, endorsement, humility, courtesy, hierarchy, introduction, minuting, abbreviation and referencing. The study concludes the strategies were purposively deployed in the administrative correspondence of the sampled agricultural research institutes to achieve certain communicative effects.</em></p> Oluwafemi Jolaoso Modupe Victoria David Copyright (c) 2024 Oluwafemi Jolaoso, Modupe Victoria David https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-01 2024-06-01 7 2 254 268 10.34050/elsjish.v7i2.34627 The Effect of Song Learning Media and English Communicative Mastery on English Speaking Ability http://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/34907 <p><em>The purpose and specific target of this research is to find out how much influence learning media learning through songs and mastery of communicative English (English Communicative) has on English speaking ability. The research method used is descriptive quantitative with survey technique. In this study, a representative sample of 90 people was taken. The data collection technique was carried out by distributing questionnaires to the object to be studied using a Likert scale. The data source is primary data, analyzed with a descriptive statistical approach to determine the frequency of answers and percentages. The results prove that the effect of song learning media and mastery of English Communicative on English speaking ability is positive and significant. There is a significant influence of song learning media and mastery of English Communicative on students' English speaking ability in South Jakarta. The regression coefficient is significant as shown by Sig value 0.000 &lt;0.05 and Fcount 120.520. From the results obtained, it can be concluded that the long-term goal of learning by using learning media through English songs can be used as an important alternative media in mastering everyday English.</em></p> <p><em>The purpose and specific target of this research is to find out how much influence learning media learning through songs and mastery of communicative English (English Communicative) has on English speaking ability. The research method used is descriptive quantitative with survey technique. In this study, a representative sample of 90 people was taken. The data collection technique was carried out by distributing questionnaires to the object to be studied using a Likert scale. The data source is primary data, analyzed with a descriptive statistical approach to determine the frequency of answers and percentages. The results prove that the effect of song learning media and mastery of English Communicative on English speaking ability is positive and significant. There is a significant influence of song learning media and mastery of English Communicative on students' English speaking ability in South Jakarta. The regression coefficient is significant as shown by Sig value 0.000 &lt;0.05 and Fcount 120.520. From the results obtained, it can be concluded that the long-term goal of learning by using learning media through English songs can be used as an important alternative media in mastering everyday English.</em></p> Amirrudin Amirrudin Copyright (c) 2024 Amirrudin Amirrudin https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-03 2024-06-03 7 2 269 274 10.34050/elsjish.v7i2.34907 The Portrayal of African Woman’s Struggle Reflected in the Novel “How Beautiful We Were” By Imbolo Mbue (2021) http://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/34882 <p><em>Ecofeminism is an understanding of the relationship between women and the universe that approaches issues of environmental degradation and social injustice from the premise that how we treat nature and how we treat each other are inseparable. This research discusses the character of a woman in the novel How Beautiful We Were which aims to find out the depiction of the struggle of African women in protecting their environment. This research uses the theory of ecofeminism from Greta Gaard and Murphy with descriptive qualitative research methods and note- taking as an instrument. This research was conducted to add and give awareness to readers about the importance of preserving and protecting the environment around us. The results found in this novel that the female character named Thula fulfills the three aspects of women's struggle in the theory of ecofeminism. The researcher concluded that in this novel, the most visible struggle of women leads to the community, so that the movement carried out by the main character is able to realize that it is important to fight for and protect our nature from the threat of companies that come to destroy it</em></p> Syahruni Junaid Nahdhiyah Nahdhiyah Dahlan Dahlan Citra Andini Azis Muh. Dzulhijjah Copyright (c) 2024 Syahruni Junaid, Nahdhiyah Nahdhiyah, Dahlan Dahlan, Citra Andini, Azis Muh. Dzulhijjah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-04 2024-06-04 7 2 275 284 10.34050/elsjish.v7i2.34882 English Teachers’ Perspectives and Understandings Towards Critical Literacy Practice in EFL Context http://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/35035 <p><em>The ideology and socio-political viewpoints of writers significantly shape text and language products. Hence, students engaging in literacy tasks, such as reading and writing, should approach them with a critical mindset, considering various perspectives rather than accepting information uncritically. Critical literacy pedagogy addresses these requirements, aiming to cultivate critical literacy skills in students with the guidance of teachers, who themselves must possess critical thinking abilities and literacy. This study explores English teachers' perceptions and grasp of critical literacy pedagogy. Sixty teachers participated, responding to questionnaires comprising both closed and open-ended questions, alongside brief interviews. The data obtained, quantitative and qualitative, were analyzed through mathematical computations and coding techniques respectively, revealing teachers' positive attitudes toward critical literacy pedagogy. However, this enthusiasm wasn't consistently reflected in its implementation due to cultural beliefs and insufficient teacher knowledge. Consequently, the study recommends professional development opportunities for teachers to enhance their understanding and proficiency in incorporating critical literacy pedagogy, particularly within EFL contexts.</em></p> Nur Ijabah Asdar Asdar Copyright (c) 2024 Nur Ijabah, Asdar Asdar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-05 2024-06-05 7 2 285 296 10.34050/elsjish.v7i2.35035 Social Perception of Adolescents with Ambivert Personality When Doing Activities Alone in Public Spaces http://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/35173 <p><em>Public spaces are currently widely used by the community, especially after the end of the COVID-19 pandemic. Adolescents are actively utilizing facilities in public spaces. Adolescents are in a phase where they have a lot to say in social interactions. This phase is a chance for them to find their identity and will also affect their personalities. Carl Jung identified three types of personalities: extroverts, introverts, and ambiverts. Ambivert is a personality type that has good adaptability. The social environment or culture can influence personality. The social culture that has developed in Indonesia is collectivist. Collectivism requires the community to be bound by each other. The manifestations of collectivism are neighborhood associations, community associations, and community service. Social perception is a person's ability to understand other people with their sense of sight. The phenomenon that can be found in this research is the activity of adolescents with ambivert personalities alone in public spaces. The method used in this research is qualitative with a phenomenological approach. The data collection used unstructured and semi-structured interview techniques. This activity certainly arises from social perceptions of the surrounding environment. Perceptions arise because the habit is still rare in our society. Perceptions that arise include that a person has no friends, has an introverted personality, wants to spend time alone, isn't good at socializing, or some consider it a normal thing to do. As a result of these perceptions, adolescents with ambivert personalities feel uncomfortable doing activities alone in public spaces.</em></p> Bayu Anggoro Vera Imanti Copyright (c) 2024 Bayu Anggoro, Vera Imanti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-06 2024-06-06 7 2 297 305 10.34050/elsjish.v7i2.35173 Metaphorical Expression in the Song Lyrics of Album Evermore by Taylor Swift http://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/35163 <p><em>This study aims to identify the metaphorical terms included in the lyrics of Taylor Swift's album "Evermore." Using the theoretical framework offered by Lakoff and Johnson—which highlights the impact metaphorical language has on listeners' perception and comprehension—the study focuses on analyzing these metaphorical statements.</em><em> </em><em>The results show that Swift uses a wide range of metaphorical terms to describe both universal and particular experiences, which heightens the emotional impact and relatability of her songs. By highlighting the critical role that metaphor plays in modern song lyrics and providing insights into how metaphorical language can elicit strong imagery and emotional resonance in listeners, this study makes significant advancements in the discipline of linguistic pragmatics. Through an in-depth analysis of contemporary music, the research underscores how songwriters skillfully utilize metaphors to convey complex emotions, experiences, and narratives that might be difficult to express through literal language alone. This not only enriches the listeners' interpretative experience but also enhances their emotional connection to the music.</em></p> Waladdin Panggabean Nofansyah Nofansyah Copyright (c) 2024 Waladdin Panggabean, Nofansyah Nofansyah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-09 2024-06-09 7 2 306 316 10.34050/elsjish.v7i2.35163 The Personality Dimension Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Openness to experience that appears in the character in The Three button Trick and Other Stories by Nicola Barker http://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/35158 <p><em>This study examines the relationship between the characters' personalities and the three personality dimensions—Neuroticism, Extroversion, and Openness to Experience—in Nicola Barker's novel *The Three Button Trick and Other Stories*. The research aims to identify the types of violations committed by the characters and to explore the personality dimension relationships depicted through their personalities. The theoretical framework for this research includes Paul Grice's theory of maxim violation, which is used to explain personality relations, and the Five Factor Theory introduced by McCrae and Costa, which helps describe the personalities of the characters. A qualitative research method is employed to analyses the data, focusing on the maxim relations produced by the characters that reflect their personalities during communication. The data is collected from the text, sorted, analysed, and described according to the research needs. Triangulation is used to combine various data and sources for analysis. The results reveal that there are violations of maxim relations, habits, and personality exchange functions, demonstrating that personalities are interconnected. Ultimately, in the process of conversation, there can be a mutual understanding of the interlocutor's personality.</em></p> Rosmiati Rosmiati Era Wahyu Ningsih Siti Norhidayah Copyright (c) 2024 Rosmiati Rosmiati, Era Wahyu Ningsih, Siti Norhidayah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-10 2024-06-10 7 2 317 323 10.34050/elsjish.v7i2.35158 The Impact of English as a Medium Instruction (EMI) on English Language Skills Development in Business Administration Students http://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/35249 <p><em>The objectives of this study were to find out whether the use of English as a Medium of Instruction (EMI) was effective in improving the English Language of Students majoring in Business Administration and to analyse the factors that influence the effectiveness of English as a medium Instruction (EMI) in improving the English Language Skills of Students majoring in Business Administration. This study employed qualitative research which the data was collected using observation and interviews. The collected data was interpreted qualitatively. This study employs purposive sampling. Class II MB 6 and IV MB 6 were the population and IV MB 6 was the sample with 30 students. The finding showed that implementing EMI can improve some aspects of English language skills, namely speaking and listening. On the other hand, some difficulties in understanding the topic delivered occurred. The factors that influence the effectiveness of English as a medium of Instruction (EMI) in improving English Language Skills are the Frequency of using English, the Frequency of listening to English speakers, and the interaction of the students with their classmates where they need to speak English during the classroom activity.</em></p> Reski Amalia S Walangitan Melania Rut Copyright (c) 2024 Reski Amalia S, Walangitan Melania Rut https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 7 2 324 330 10.34050/elsjish.v7i2.35249 Exploring the Most Challenging Academic IELTS Tested Skills for Indonesian Test Takers http://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/35271 <p><em>Academic IELTS test has been widely used by Indonesia people to indicate their academic English proficiency. According to the IELTS official website report 2022, Indonesian people found that writing test as the lowest average score. This study aimed to examine the most difficult test according to the Indonesian test taker’s perception and score result. The study also explored the reasons why they performed lowest in a particular skill. There were 17 Indonesian people who have taken academic IELTS responded our survey. They were from Sulawesi, Java, Sumatra, and Kalimantan with different academic background from fresh graduates of senior high schools and master’s graduates. The open-ended question responses were analyzed thematically to find out the challenges the test takers encountered. The result showed that according to the student’s perception and score in each band, some students found listening, reading and speaking as the most difficult skill however majority experienced writing as the most challenging skill. There were five reasons for their poor performance in writing test, they are less writing practice, lack of vocabulary, poor understanding on academic writing structure, time constrain, and unfamiliar topics. The findings of the research should be considered and become a topic of development for Indonesian people who plan to take academic IELTS test.</em></p> Awaluddin Syamsu Muhammad Yunus Astri Arsi Ismail Dewi Pratiwi Oktavia Bahtiar Copyright (c) 2024 Awaluddin Syamsu, Muhammad Yunus, Astri Arsi Ismail, Dewi Pratiwi Oktavia Bahtiar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-13 2024-06-13 7 2 331 338 10.34050/elsjish.v7i2.35271 The Implementation of ChatGPT-based Learning for Higher Education in Indonesia: Systematic Literature Review http://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/35265 <p><em>This research investigates the implementation of ChatGPT-based learning in higher education in Indonesia, emphasizing the analysis of its technical aspects and their contribution to educational practices. Through a systematic literature review, this study examines the positive impacts and challenges of integrating ChatGPT in university settings, drawing on recent analyses and diverse scholarly sources. The data were obtained from a variety of academic databases, including reputable web-blogs, Google Scholar, the Indonesian National Library's database, Education Resources Education Center (ERIC) Database, and E-Resources Perpusnas. The findings reveal that ChatGPT significantly enhances student engagement and writing skills, particularly in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) contexts. Key features such as custom GPTs, prompt engineering, and personalized settings play a crucial role in maximizing the tool's educational benefits. This research underscores the potential of ChatGPT to transform learning experiences by fostering interactive, personalized, and efficient educational environments. The implications of these findings contribute to a deeper understanding of AI's role in education, highlighting its capacity to enhance learning outcomes and educational engagement in higher education institutions in Indonesia.</em></p> Sulfaedah Lestari Copyright (c) 2024 Sulfaedah Lestari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-15 2024-06-15 7 2 339 347 10.34050/elsjish.v7i2.35265 American Dreams on the Frontiers Community in Cather's My Antonia http://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/35083 <p><em>Literature is a space to express sociological issues that are absorbed by the author in the society around him/her as a social phenomenon. The research in this article is a sociological literary research which aims to present the issue of American Dreams values in the novel My Antonia which are absorbed from Willa Cather's sociological experience in American frontier communities in the late 19th to early 20th centuries. American Dreams is a spirit that binds common ideals in order to unite the heterogeneity of the American people into a superior nation in various aspects of life. The issue of American Dreams in the novel My Antonia is analyzed using a scientific method called the Literary Sociology Approach. It emphasizes the author's imagination to literary works have genetics in human sociological life to document certain phenomena in certain societies. Researchers found 7 out of 10 American Dreams values in the spirit of frontier people in the western region of America as documented in the novel My Antonia by Willa Cather, namely Liberty, Democracy, Equality, Opportunity, Education, Progress, and Peace. Liberty is the freedom to determine one's own destiny, Democracy is the right to express one's desires as an independent person, Equality is equal treatment before the law, Opportunity is taking advantage of opportunities for the nation progress, Education is the spirit of seeking knowledge to create new discoveries, Progress is actualizing all potential to achieve prosperity, and Peace is the upholding of human rights to maintain the universal security of humanity.</em></p> Abbas Abbas Fathu Rahman M. Amir Pattu Asriani Abbas Basrah Gising Copyright (c) 2024 Abbas Abbas, Fathu Rahman, M. Amir Pattu, Asriani Abbas, Basrah Gising https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-16 2024-06-16 7 2 348 355 10.34050/elsjish.v7i2.35083 Polite Imperative Structures in the Kaledupa Dialect: An Examination of Wakatobi Language http://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/35428 <p><em>This research delves into the intricacies of imperative politeness within the Kaledupa dialect of the Wakatobi language (KDWL), focusing on both its forms and influencing factors. By employing a descriptive qualitative approach from a pragmatic perspective, the study meticulously gathers data through observation, moderate participatory recording, and note-taking techniques. The findings indicate that politeness in KDWL imperatives is manifested through several linguistic features: the length of utterances, the structuring of speech where non-imperative information often precedes the imperative command, variations in intonation, and the use of kinesic signals such as gestures. These elements combine to create a nuanced system of politeness that is sensitive to the context in which the imperative is delivered.</em><em> </em><em>Moreover, the study identifies a range of social and cultural factors that influence how politeness is expressed in KDWL imperatives. These include power dynamics and social status, which dictate the level of formality and deference required; kinship and social relationships, which influence the degree of familiarity or respect in the language used; and group membership and gender, which further modulate the appropriateness of certain forms. Additionally, the nature of the speech situation, the role of customary institutions, and adherence to cultural norms play significant roles in shaping polite imperatives. Indecisiveness also emerges as a factor, suggesting that the speaker’s confidence can impact the politeness strategy employed. Together, these findings underscore the complex interplay between linguistic and social elements in the KDWL, providing a comprehensive understanding of how politeness is constructed and maintained in this linguistic community.</em></p> Rima Rima Susiati Susiati La Ode Achmad Suherman Copyright (c) 2024 Rima Rima, Susiati Susiati, La Ode Achmad Suherman https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-20 2024-06-20 7 2 356 366 10.34050/elsjish.v7i2.35428