PETANI DITENGAH TAMBANG :Studi Fenomenologi EfekImplementasi Kebijakan Terhadap Kehidupan Petani di Morowali

Eymal B. Demmallino, Tamzil Ibrahim, Abdurrahman Karim

Abstract


 

The life of a farmer is very different due to the implementation of the mining policy. The purposes of this research were to know the actual condition of the community life of farmers in the ring area of the mine in District of Bahodopi and to analyze the impact of nickel mining and recommending policy management systems of natural resources that benefit the community of farmers. This approach used a descriptive qualitative approach by observation method with participation, in depth interviews, and documentation. For the data analysis stage of this research, namely data collection by specifying the informant through
purposive sampling and continued with the reduction of the data by the method of presentation of data, and then snowball and the withdrawal of the conclusion. The results showed nickel mining has positive and negative impacts such as providing employment opportunities and business opportunities; food stalls, souvenir supplies business and housing, the conflict between farmers and companies that are triggered by a mudflow that cascaded into the farmland residents resulting in agricultural output that shrank, the majority of agricultural land is converted into mining areas so that the resulting loss of land as a source
of intergenerational life, mining does not guarantee social welfare economic community of farmers. For farmers the presence of mine was certain will make an impact long term disaster. The Government should evaluate or review the return policy that has been applied as well as the effects of the current mining management, especially in matters related to agriculture or farmer's life.


Keywords: farmers; policy; the response; meaning.


Keywords


Policy; The response; Meaning

Full Text:

PDF

References


Daftar Pustaka

Atang, A., 2013. Gerakan Sosial Berbasis Budaya (Studi Tentang Gerakan Sosial Melawan Investasi Tambang Di Kabupaten Lembata). Disertasi Doktor, Program Studi Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik Program Pascasarjana Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.

Jamaril, Usman, S., Amirullah. 2016. Persepsi Masyarakat Terhadap Dampak Penambangan Batu Akik (Studi di Kecamatan Panga Kabupaten Aceh Jaya). Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan Unsyiah Volume1, Nomor 1: 80 - 88.

Koentjaraningrat. 1983. Metode Penelitian Masyarakat. Jakarta: UI Press.

Ma’mun, S. R., 2016. Pertambangan Emas dan Sistem kenghidupan Petani: Studi Dampak Penambangan Emas Di Bombana Sulawesi Tenggara (Impact Of Gold Mining On Farmers’ Livelihood In Bombana). Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan |

Desember 2016, hal 274-280 | 276.

Meisanti, S. S. Ali,. K. Jusoff, D. Salman, D. Rukmana, 2012. The Impacts of Gold Mining on the Farmer‟s Community. American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 6(4).

Muliana, W. O., 2016. Strategi Livelihood Rumah Tangga Petani Padi Sawah Pada Wilayah Sekitar Pertambangan Emas (Studi Kasus Di Desa Langkowala Kecamatan Lantari Jaya Kabupaten Bombana). sitedi.uho.ac.id/uploads_sitedi/D1A111260_sitedi_WA %20ODE%20MULIANA.pdf.

Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 23 Tahun 2010 Tentang Pelaksanaan Kegiatan Usaha Pertambangan Mineral dan Batu Bara.

Peraturan Menteri Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Nomor 28 Tahun 2013 Tentang Tata Cara Lelang Wilayah Izin Usaha Pertambangan dan Wilayah Izin Usaha Pertambangan Khusus pada Kegiatan Usaha Pertambangan Mineral Logam Dan Batubara.

Salim, M.N., 2016. Bertani Diantara Himpitan Tambang: Belajar dari Petani Kutai Kartanegara. Bhumi Jurnal Agraria dan pertanahan, Vol. 2. No. 1. Mei 2016.

Siburian, R., 2012. Pertambangan Batu Bara: Antara Mendulang Rupiah dan Menebar Potensi Konflik. Masyarakat Indonesia, Vol.38, No.1, Juni, 2012| 69–92.

Sugiyono, 2010. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Dan Kualitatif & RND. Bandung: Alfabeta

Undang-undang Nomor 5 Tahun 1990 (Pasal 2 Pasal 3 Pasal 4 dan Pasal 7) Tentang Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam Hayati Dan Ekosistemnya.

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 5 Tahun 1960 (Pasal 26 Poin 2) Tentang Peraturan Dasar Pokok-Pokok Agraria.

Yudhanto, 2011. Strategi Perlawanan Petani Tambang Tradisional dalam Menjaga

Kelangsungan Hidup Di Tengah Rendahnya Imbal Jasa. Jurnal Fisip Umrah Vol. I, No. 1, 2011 : 75-91. 169




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20956/jsep.v14i2.4276

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Indexed By:

    

 Tools: