Dinamika Negara-Negara Teritori Asing Di Kawasan Pasifik Barat Daya

Burhanuddin Burhanuddin

Abstract


Abstrak : Dinamika Negara-Negara Teritori Asing di Kawasan Pasifik Barat Daya, Tidak lagi menjadi rahasia umum bahwa hampir semua Negara teritori Asing  di kawasan pasifik barat  daya merupakan wilayah yang tanpa ke pemerintahan dan telah dikelola oleh Negara bekas koloni. Terdapat keuntungan dan kerugian yang diperoleh oleh Negara-negara yang sistem pemerintahannya diatur oleh Negara koloni misalnya segala bentuk dan jenis kebijakan yang diatur dan ditetapkan oleh Negara koloni tanpa harus mempertimbangkan atau mendengar aspirasi Negara-negara teritori. Kadangkala kebijakannya merugikan bahkan cenderung mengeksploitasi masyarakat di negara-negara teritori asing pasifik barat daya.  Permasalahan umum yang dihadapi oleh Negara-negara teritori adalah akses terhadap dunia luar yang sulit sebab wilayahnya terpencil dan akses informasi yang minim akibatnya kegiatan ekonomi lumayan sulit untuk terlaksana dengan baik. Pokok kajian dalam tulisan ini adalah terkait profil dan sejarah Negara-negara teritori Pasifik barat daya. (Kaledonia Baru atau New Caledonia, teritori dari Perancis dan masih dalam pengawasan Perancis. Tokelau, Kepulauan Pitcairn, American Samoa) Bagaimanakah peran Perancis di Negara New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Wallis and Futuna terkait keberadaan isu nuklir ?Bagaimanakah peran Amerika Serikat di Negara American Samoa, Guam, Hawaii, Mariana Utara? Selain masalah perekonomian, Jumlah penduduk yang berpendidikan rendah yang belum mampu membawa Negara-negaranya ke arah yang lebih baik. seringkali wilayah tersebut terkena badai maupun kenaikan permukaan air laut. Dan yang paling tragis adalah empat percobaan persenjataan nuklir.

Kata kunci : Negara - Negara Teritori Pasifik barat daya.  Caledonia, Perancis. Tokelau, Kepulauan Pitcairn, American Samoa Perancis di Negara New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Wallis dan Futuna Amerika Serikat di Negara American Samoa, Guam, Hawaii, Mariana Utara.

Abstract : The dynamics of the Territory of Foreign Countries in the Western Pacific Region Power, No longer a secret that almost all countries foreign territories in the Pacific southwest region is a region without governance and has been managed by the State of former colonies. There are advantages and disadvantages derived by States that system of government is regulated by the State Colony for example all forms and types of policies are governed and determined by the State colonies without having to consider or hear the aspirations of countries territories. Sometimes discretion harm even tends to exploit people in countries foreign territory pacific southwest. Common problems faced by the countries territory is access to the outside world is difficult because the area is remote and minimal access to information as a result of economic activity fairly difficult to be implemented properly. Principal study in this paper is related to the profile and history of the country southwest Pacific territory. (New Caledonia or New Caledonia, the territory of France and still in control of France. Tokelau Islands Pitcairn, American Samoa) what is the role of France in the State of New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Wallis and Futuna related to the existence of the nuclear issue? How is the role of the USA in the State American Samoa, Guam, Hawaii, and Northern Mariana? In addition to economic issues, Total population with low education who have not been able to bring States towards a better country. The region is often hit by hurricanes and rising sea levels. And the most tragic is the four experiments of nuclear weapons.

Key words : Country - State Territory Pacific southwest. Caledonia, France. Tokelau, Pitcairn Islands, American Samoa France in the State of New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Wallis and Futuna United States in the State American Samoa, Guam, Hawaii, Mariana.


Keywords


Negara-Negara Teritori Pasifik Barat Daya; Caledonia; Perancis; Tokelau; Kepulauan Pitcairn; American Samoa Perancis di Negara New Caledonia; French Polynesia; Wallis dan Futuna Amerika Serikat di Negara American Samoa; Guam; Hawaii; Mariana Utara.

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