Efek Suplementasi Vitamin A, Minyak Fortifikasi dan Edukasi Gizi Ibu Nifas terhadap Morbiditas Ibu dan Bayi

Abdul Salam, Dodik Briawan, Drajat Martianto, Abdul Razak Thaha, Andi Imam Arundhana

Abstract


Kekurangan vitamin A dapat berpengaruh pada peningkatan morbiditas ibu nifas maupun bayi yang baru lahir. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui dampak pemberian vitamin A dosis tinggi (2vitA dan 1vitA), minyak goreng fortifikasi (Forti A) dan edukasi gizi (Edukasi) terhadap morbiditas ibu dan bayi. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain kuasi ekpesimen. Jumlah subjek dalam penelitian ini sebesar 295 subjek yang dipilih berdasarkan kriteria inklusi. Morbiditas terutama terkait ISPA dan diare diukur setiap 2 minggu sampai bayi berusia 3 bulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rata-rata ibu nifas dalam penelitian ini berusia 27 tahun dan sekitar 42% ibu nifas telah menyelesaikan pendidikan sampai tingkat SMA. Rata-rata frekuensi sakit ISPA ibu pada kelompok Forti A lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan kelompok 2vitA, 1vitA dan edukasi yakni masing-masing 0.04, 0.31, 0.95 dan 0.29 (p<0.000). Begitu pun juga halnya ditemukan pada durasi ISPA untuk setiap kelompok yakni masing-masing 0,17 hari,0.99 hari, 3.16 hari, dan 1.07 hari (p<0.000). Pemberian minyak fortifikasi dapat mengurangi kejadian morbiditas.


Keywords


Suplementasi vitamin A, minyak fortifikasi, edukasi, ibu nifas, morbiditas

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30597/mkmi.v14i3.4348

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