School Based Intervention sebagai Upaya Perbaikan Konsumsi Buah dan Sayur Siswa Sekolah Dasar

Damelya Patricksia Dampang

Abstract


Anak usia sekolah rentan mengalami masalah gizi salah satunya dikarenakan faktor lingkungan, terutama lingkungan fisik yang menyediakan makanan secara luas, terjangkau dan densitas energi lebih tinggi serta kurangnya konsumsi buah dan sayur. Upaya yang dilakukan untuk meningkatkan kebiasaaan makan buah dan sayur pada anak sekolah adalah adanya school based intervention. Penelitian bertujuan menganalisis pengaruh program school based intervention terhadap peningkatan konsumsi buah dan sayur siswa sekolah dasar. Penelitian berlangsung dari Februari sampai Mei 2017 di Nganjuk, Jawa Timur. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain eksperimental dengan pre-post intervention dengan jumlah subjek yakni 50 siswa (10-13 tahun) yang diberikan tiga jenis intervensi, yaitu school gardening, cooking class, dan pemberian buah dan sayur dalam bentuk olahan disekolah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dengan adanya ketiga intervensi tersebut dapat meningkatkan konsumsi buah dan sayur siswa yakni 130 g/hr dan 100 g/hr dan ketersediaan buah dan sayur di rumah meningkat yakni 81 g/minggu dan 182 g/minggu. Hasil recall SQ-FFQ 2x24 jam menunjukkan rata-rata konsumsi padat energi berkurang dari 1420 kkal menjadi 1241 kkal. Berdasarkan hasil tersebut maka school based intervention dapat dijadikan sebagai salah satu strategi untuk meningkatkan konsumsi buah dan sayur serta ketersediaan buah dan sayur di rumah.

Keywords


Konsumsi buah dan sayur, school based intervention, siswa sekolah dasar

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30597/mkmi.v14i3.4562

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