INTERVENSI PENYULUHAN STANDAR PUSKESMAS DALAM MENINGKATKAN PERILAKU SEHAT PADA IBU HAMIL

Usman Usman, Ida Leida M.Thaha, Ridwan M Thaha

Abstract


Komplikasi kehamilan dan persalinan menjadi penyebab utama kematian ibu di negara-negara berkembang. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pengaruh penyuluhan standar puskesmas terhadap peningkatan kehamilan sehat dan persalinan aman di Kabupaten Gowa tahun 2015. Penelitian ini menggunakan quasi eksperimen (eksperimen semu) dengan rancangan randomized pre-test post-test one group matched design. Sampel yang diambil sebanyak 70 responden, yaitu ibu dengan usia kehamilan tiga bulan yang terdaftar didaftar kunjungan ibu hamil di Puskesmas Somba Opu dan Puskesmas Pallangga. Penarikan sampel dilakukan secara purposive sampling. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan uji t berpasangan (paired t-test), dan uji t tidak berpasangan (independent samples t-test). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh penyuluhan standar puskesmas terhadap perilaku ibu terhadap peningkatan kehamilan sehat dan persalinan aman di Kabupaten Gowa, yaitu pengetahuan (p=0,607), sikap ibu (p=0,437), dan praktik (p=0,005) dalam praktik kehamilan sehat dan prsalinan aman. Hal ini berarti bahwa penyuluhan standar puskesmas dapat meningkatkan praktik ibu terhadap peningkatan kehamilan sehat dan persalinan aman di Kabupaten Gowa tahun 2015.


Keywords


Penyuluhan standar puskesmas, perilaku

Full Text:

PDF

References


Mojekwu J, Ibekwe U. Maternal Mortality in Nigeria: Examination of Intervention Methods. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science. 2012;2(20):135-49.

Fibriana AI. Three Delay Model sebagai Salah Satu Determinan Kematian Ibu di Kabupaten Cilacap Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat. 2011;6.

Omo-Aghoja L, Aisien O, Akuse J, Bergstrom S, Okonofua F. Maternal Mortality and Emergency Obstetric Care in Benin City, South-South Nigeria. J Clin Med Res. 2010;2:55-60.

Sudarianto. Situasi Angka Kematian Ibu di Indonesia dan Sulsel, Artikel, Dinas Kesehatan Sulsel, Makassar. 2010.

Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Gowa. Profil Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan. Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Gowa. 2014.

Nove A, Berrington A, Matthews Z. Comparing the Odds of Postpartum Haemorrhage in Planned Home Birth Against Planned Hospital Birth: Results of an Observational Study of Over 500,000 Maternities in the UK. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2012;12(1):130.

Pervin J, Gustafsson FE, Moran AC, Roy S, Persson LÅ, Rahman A. Implementing Kangaroo mother care in a resource-limited setting in rural Bangladesh. Acta Paediatrica. 2015;104(5):458-65.

Roter D, Ellington L, Erby LH, Larson S, Dudley W, editors. The genetic counseling video project (GCVP): models of practice. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part C: Seminars in Medical Genetics; 2006: Wiley Online Library.

Martin L, Van Dulmen S, Spelten E, De Jonge A, De Cock P, Hutton E. Prenatal counseling for congenital anomaly tests: parental preferences and perceptions of midwife performance. Prenatal diagnosis. 2013;33(4):341-53.

Elwyn G. Arriving at the postmodern medical consultation. The European journal of general practice. 2004;10(3):93-7.

Smets E, van Zwieten M, Michie S. Comparing genetic counseling with non-genetic health care interactions: Two of a kind? Patient Education and Counseling. 2007;68(3):225-34.

Bakkidu N. Srategi Pembelajaran. Makassar: CV. Samudra Allif-MIM; 2008.

Cox S. Expressing and storing colostrum antenatally for use in the newborn period. Breastfeeding Review. 2006;14(3):11.

Van Zwieten M. The importance of a conscious choice but what is the choice about? The set of possibilities during decision-making about prenatal congenital anomaly tests. De Psycholoog. 2008;43:20-5.

Khasanah U, Suratni S. Healthy Parenting Skills Program toward First-Time Father’s Skills on Caring for Newborn Baby. Nurse Media Journal of Nursing. 2013;3(2):581-90.

Wilkinson SA, McIntyre HD. Evaluation of the’healthy start to pregnancy’early antenatal health promotion workshop: a randomized controlled trial. BMC pregnancy and childbirth. 2012;12(1):131.

UNICEF. Levels & Trends in Child Mortality, Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation. New York: UNICEF. 2012.

Mkandawire P. Gestational Age at First Antenatal Care Visit in Malawi. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 2015:1-9.

Althabe F, Belizán JM, McClure EM, Hemingway-Foday J, Berrueta M, Mazzoni A, et al. A population-based, multifaceted strategy to implement antenatal corticosteroid treatment versus standard care for the reduction of neonatal mortality due to preterm birth in low-income and middle-income countries: the ACT cluster-randomised trial. The Lancet. 2015;385(9968):629-39.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30597/mkmi.v11i1.509

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Published By:

Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Hasanuddin

Office : Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km.10, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University,

Tamalanrea, Makassar, South Sulawesi, 90245  View on Google Maps

Email  :  jurnal.mkmi@gmail.com / jurnalmkmi@fkm.unhas.ac.id

Phone : +628114440454

 

INDEXING


width=width=width=width=width=width=width=width=width=width=width=

Flag Counter

Lisensi Creative Commons
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Atribusi-NonKomersial-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.

Web Analytics Made Easy - StatCounter View My Stats