Skrining Kanker Payudara pada Wanita di Indonesia

Solikhah Solikhah

Abstract


Kanker payudara masih menjadi masalah kesehatan masyarakat di dunia dan menjadi penyebab kematian
utama di kalangan wanita. Skrining kanker payudara dikenal sebagai metode untuk menurunkan kematian pasien kanker payudara, namun banyak faktor yang menghambat seseorang untuk melakukan skrining kanker payudara. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengeksplorasi skrining kanker payudara pada wanita di Indonesia. Sampel diambil secara statifikasi acak bertingkat pada sebanyak 864 wanita yang berumur ≥18 tahun di tiga lokasi yaitu: Yogyakarta, Sumatera Selatan dan Nusa Tenggara Timur. Multinomial logistic regression digunakan untuk menganalisis semua
item dari kuesioner terhadap skrining kanker payudara. Dari 864 responden wanita, sebagian besar berumur ≥50
tahun (7,52%). Selain itu, responden yang melakukan mammografi atau Clinical Breast Screening (CBE) hanya
18,29%. Umur wanita ≥50 tahun memiliki tingkat kesadaran lebih rendah untuk tidak melakukan skrining sebesar
3,07 kali dibandingkan dengan wanita berumur <50 tahun, tetapi umur pada wanita yang melakukan CBE atau
Mammography tidak menunjukkan signifikansi. Tingkat pendidikan, agama, status pernikahan, dan kepemilikan
asuransi kesehatan secara signifikan berpengaruh pada skrining kanker payudara.

Keywords


Skrining kanker payudara, mammography, wanita Indonesia

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30597/mkmi.v15i1.5501

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