Pengaruh Susu Kedelai dan Bubur Kacang Hijau terhadap Lingkar Pinggang Wanita Pascamenopause

Fendie K. Syailawan, Budiyanti Wiboworini, Lilik Retna Kartikasari

Abstract


Wanita pascamenopause rentan menderita obesitas. Susu kedelai dan bubur kacang hijau mengandung serat dan flavonoid yang bermanfaat sebagai antiobesitas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh susu kedelai dan bubur kacang hijau terhadap lingkar pinggang pada wanita pascamenopause. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen dengan desain pre-posttest dengan kelompok kontrol. Penelitian dilakukan selama 4 minggu dari Desember 2018 - Januari 2019 di Serengan, Surakarta. Subjek dibagi secara acak menjadi kelompok kontrol (n=10), susu kedelai (n=10) dan kombinasi susu kedelai dan bubur kacang hijau (n=10). Dosis susu kedelai dan bubur kacang hijau yang disediakan masing-masing adalah 240 ml dan 180 ml/hari/orang dan diberikan selama 4 minggu penuh. Data dianalisis dengan t-test berpasangan, uji one way ANOVA dan uji post Hoc Bonferroni. Tidak ada perbedaan yang bermakna pada status gizi, pekerjaan dan tingkat pendidikan dari ketiga kelompok. Ada penurunan lingkar pinggang yang signifikan baik pada kelompok susu kedelai dan kelompok kombinasi dibandingkan dengan kelompok kontrol (p<0,05). Penurunan rerata lingkar pinggang adalah -2.40±2.23 cm pada kelompok susu kedelai dan -5.30±3.20 cm pada kelompok kombinasi. Susu kedelai dan bubur kacang hijau bisa menjadi terapi alternatif untuk mengurangi lingkar pinggang bagi wanita pascamenopause.


Keywords


Kedelai, kacang hijau, pascamenopause, lingkar pinggang

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30597/mkmi.v15i3.6267

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