Efektivitas Suplementasi Vitamin A terhadap Kejadian Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut pada Balita

Eni Folendra Rosa

Abstract


Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA) masih merupakan penyebab tingginya morbiditas dan mortalitas pada balita di seluruh dunia dan penyumbangsepertiga kematian balita di negara berkembang.Kekurangan vitamin A adalah salah satu faktor penyebab ISPA. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui efektivitas suplementasi vitamin A dalam menurunkan kejadian ISPA. Desain penelitian observasional unmatched case control study dengan pendekatan kuantitatif, subjek penelitian adalah ibu dari balita usia 12-59 bulan di Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU) Propinsi Sumatera Selatan. Pengambilan sampel kelompok kasus dan kontrol dengan perbandingan 1:3 sehingga besar sampel adalah 228 orang. Analisis data meliputi univariat untuk menghitung distribusi frekuensi karakterisitik subjek penelitian, bivariat dengan uji chi-square dan multivariat menggunakan uji regresi logistik. Hasil penelitian, balita yang tidak mendapat vitamin A dua kali setahun memiliki risiko 2,1 kali lebih besar mengalami ISPA dibandingkan balita yang mendapatkan vitamin A dua kali pertahun. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa balita yang tidak mendapatkan vitamin A dua kali setahun memiliki risiko lebih besar mengalami ISPA dibandingkan balita yang mendapatkan vitamin A dua kali pertahun dan berdasarkan besarnya risiko yang dapat dicegah maka suplementasi vitamin A hingga saat ini masih efektif dalam menurunkan kejadian ISPA pada balita di Kabupaten OKU.


Keywords


Vitamin A, ISPA, balita

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30597/mkmi.v16i1.8882

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