KOMPOSISI JENIS DAN STRUKTUR VEGETASI HUTAN DATARAN RENDAH DI KOMPLEKS GUNUNG BULUSARAUNG SULAWESI SELATAN

Asrianny Asrianny, Catarina Balgis Paweka, Amran Achmad, Ngakan Putu Oka, Nida' Sari Achmad

Abstract


The Bulusaraung Mountain is a lowland forest and is one of the main ecosystems owned by Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park. Therefore, this study aims to determine the species composition and vegetation structure of lowland forests in the complex of Bulusaraung Mountain. The research was conducted from April to May 2018. Data collection was carried out using a 20 × 20 meter plot placed on the Balleanging, Tokaddaro  and Tompobulu track lines based on altitude (550 m asl, 650 m asl, and 750 m asl). The result of this study show that there are 44  species were found on tree class, 65 species on  pole class,  40 species on  sapling class and  25 species on seedling class. The species composition in the study area was dominated Palaquium obovatum, Persea rimosa, Arthrophyllum diversifolium, Cryptocarya laevigata, and Engelhardia serrata, while Psychotria leptothyrsa, Antidesma bunius, Maesa ramentacea, Ficus sandpaper, Baccaurea javanica, Symplocos maliliency, Callicarpa pentandra, and Saurauia tristyla is a type of tree that differentiates at each altitude. The structure of the forest canopy layer at an altitude of 550 m above sea level consists of three canopy layers, while at an altitude of 650 and 750 m above sea level consisting only of two canopy layers. The cover of forest canopy in all sampling locations was reached 75-90%.

Keywords


Lowland forest; Bulusaraung mountain; species composition; vegetation structure

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anwar, J., Damanik S.J., Hisyam N., & Whitten A.J. (1992). Ekologi Ekosistem Sumatera. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Ashton, P.S. (1982). Dipterocarpaceae. In: Van Steenis, C.G.G.J (ed.) Flora Malesiana (9): 237-552.

Dendang, B., & Handayani W. (2015). Struktur dan komposisi tegakan hutan di Taman Nasional Gunung Gede Pangrango, Jawa Barat. Pros Sem Nas Masy BiodivIndon. 1(4).

Fathia, A.A. (2017). Komposisi Jenis dan Struktur Tegakan serta Kualitas Tanah di Hutan Gunung Galunggung Tasikmalaya. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Gunawan, W., Basuni S., Indrawan A., Prasetyo L.B., & Soedjito H. (2011). Analisis komposisi dan struktur vegetasi terhadap upaya restorasi kawasan hutan Taman Nasional Gunung Gede Pangrango. JPSL. I1(2): 93-105.

Hilwan, I. (2012). Komposisi jenis dan struktur tegakan pada areal bekas tebangan di PT Salaki Summa Sejahtera, Provinsi Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika. 03(03): 155-16.

Indriyanto. (2012). Ekologi Hutan. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Irwan, Z.D. (2009). Prinsip-Prinsip Ekolgi dan Organisasi Ekosistem Komunitas dan Lingkungan. Jakarta: Penerbit Bumi Aksara.

Kusmana, C., & Susanti S. (2015). Komposisi dan struktur tegakan hutan alam di Hutan Pendidikan Gunung Walat, Sukabumi. Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika. 5(3): 210-217.

Mongabay. (2012). Hutan Dataran Rendah. Diperoleh dari http://www.mongabay.co.id/hutan-dataran-rendah, pada 11 Oktober 2017.

Mulyasana, D. (2008). Kajian keanekaragaman jenis pohon pada berbagai ketinggian tempat di Taman Nasional Gunung Ciremai Propinsi Jawa Barat. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Pamulardi, B. (1999). Hukum Kehutanan dan Pembangunan Bidang Kehutanan. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Purwaningsih. (2004). Biodiversitas. Sebaran Ekologi Jenis-jenis Dipterocarpaceae di Indonesia, 5 (2), 89-95.

Soerianegara, I., & Indrawan A. (2016). Ekologi Hutan Indonesia. Departemen Manajemen Hutan Fakultas Kehutanan. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 18 Tahun 2013 tentang Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan Perusakan Hutan.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24259/perennial.v15i1.6793

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Daftar Indexing Jurnal:

  

View My Stats