PEMBELAJARAN PENGELOLAAN TERUMBU KARANG DI SEKITAR LOKASI PENGEBORAN MINYAK DAN GAS LAPANGAN TIAKA, TOMORI SULAWESI TENGAH

Mohammad Syakir, Kasim Mansyur, Syafyudin Yusuf, Deddy Syam, Nurul Aini

Abstract


Offshore oil drilling creates impacts to marine ecosystem, not only to the lives in the water column but also to
benthic organisms. Coral reefs is one indicator that is prone to physical and chemical impacts of oil drilling. A
Joint Operating Body, Pertamina-Medco E&P Tomori Sulawesi (JOB PTMS) has been operating since
2005/2006 in the vicinity of Gusung Tiaka, Morowalu Utara, Central Sulawesi. JOB PTMS has a commitment
and responsibility to the sustainability coral reefs in the vicinity of drilling. Until recently, coral reef
management activities conducted were, coral reefs monitoring and restoring (using transplantation method) as
well as cleaning up from predator Acanthaster plancii. Coral reefs monitoring runs periodically in 2008-2014 in
6 points of control. The coral reefs were in bad to good conditions, with mortality index 0.16-0.72 (scale 0-1).
Coral reefs damaged was resulted from many factors namely, illegal fishing and predator Acanthaster plancii
with abundance of less than 30 individuals/hectare. Coral fish diversity index was 4,74-6.06. Coral
transplantation was moderate, not only the coral growth but also nekton (fish) recruitment with high number in
the vicinity of the transplantations. Coral reef management nearby drilling area has been running gradually, as
well as developing relevant programs with environment responsibility in the vicinity of Blok Tiaka, North
Morowali.
Keywords : Coral reef amangement; oil drilling, Gusung Tiaka Tomori Sulawesi.


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