Author Guideline

Guideline for Preparing Manuscript

Types of paper 

Article Type


Word Limit


Other Requirements

Original Article

Reports of new research findings or conceptual analyses that make a significant contribution to knowledge

7500 words limit excluding references

Yes, Unstructured

Data Availability Statement, Certificate/Statement of Clearance if needed

Review Article



Yes, Unstructured


Short communication

Case reports of particular interest or preliminary findings from ongoing research

2000 words limit excluding references

Yes, Unstructured

Data Availability Statement, Certificate/Statement of Clearance if needed


Guideline for Online Submission

An author should first register as Author and/or is offered as Reviewer through the following address:  

The Author should fulfill the form as detail as possible where the star marked form must be entered. After all form textbox was filled, the Author clicks on the “Register” button to proceed with the registration. Therefore, Author is brought to the online author submission interface where Author should click on “New Submission”. In the Start, a New Submission section, click on “Click Here’: to go to step one of the five-step submission processes.” The following are five steps in the online submission process:

  1. Step 1 - Starting the Submission: Select the appropriate journal section, i.e., Original Research Articles or Review Articles. Thus, Author must check-mark on the submission checklists.
  2. Step 2 – Uploading the Submission: To upload a manuscript to this journal, click Browse on the Upload submission file item and choose the manuscript document file to be submitted, then click the Upload button. 
  3. Step 3 – Entering Submission’s Metadata: In this step, detailed authors' metadata should be entered, including the marked corresponding author. After that, the manuscript title and abstract must be uploaded by copying the text and paste it into the textbox, including keywords.
  4. Step 4 – Uploading Supplementary Files: Supplementary files could be uploaded, including Covering/Submission Letter, additional data (if needed). Therefore, click on the Browse button, choose the files, and then click on the Upload button.
  5. Step 5 – Confirming the Submission: The author should make a final check of the uploaded manuscript documents in this step. To submit the manuscript to Forest and Society, click the Finish Submission button after the documents are correct. The corresponding Author or the principal contact will receive an acknowledgment by email and will be able to view the submission’s progress through the editorial process by logging in to the journal web address site. 

By submitting your article to Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallacea, you and all co-authors of your submission agree to the terms of this license. You do not need to fill out a copyright form for confirmation. Please see the Copyright Notice.

After this submission, the Authors who submit the manuscript will get a confirmation email about the submission. Therefore, Authors can track their submission status at any time by logging in to the online submission interface. Submission tracking includes the status of the manuscript review and editorial process.

Please note that the Editor will determine the category of each article submission

Formatting requirements 

Manuscripts must report results of original research on biodiversity conservation or review articles on biodiversity conservation issues.

Author(s) should guarantee that the manuscript does not infringe copyright, it has not been submitted and will not be published elsewhere, except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium, with the following rules:

Language: Starting from 2023, all manuscripts should be written in American spelling English. The author (s) is strongly advised to use a professional language editing service where editors will improve the English to ensure your meaning is clear and identify issues that require your review.

Format: The manuscript should be typed on A4 paper (210 mm x 297 mm) with 1.5 spacing using a Microsoft Office Word processor. The margin for all sides is 2.5 cm and consists of not more than 7500 words limit excluding references. The manuscript should be typed in Tahoma at 11-point font size.


The title should be concise and informative containing the major keywords. The title should not exceed 20 words and should not contain abbreviations. 

Author requirements

The author should be a person who substantially contributed to the work, including designing research, conducting field works, analyzing data, and/or drafting the manuscript. The author’s name should be placed below the title and clearly written (avoid abbreviation). Present the authors' affiliation and affiliation addresses below the authors’ names.

The abstract should not be more than 250 words. The abstract should be typed in Tahoma at a 10-point font size with single spacing. The abstract should briefly state the purpose of the research, the methods, the principal results, and major conclusions.

A maximum of 8 keywords separated by a semicolon (;), crucial to the papers' appropriate indexing, are to be given. e.g: policy; ecology conservation; economics; interest.

Main text: The main text should consist of the following sections: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion (each separately). A Conclusions section is optional. Main text should be written in left alignment. Section titles must be CAPITAL CASE and bold, sub-section titles must use capital letters for each word and bold, and sub-sub-section titles (if any) should only use capital letters for the first word (sentence case) and italics. Section, sub-section, and sub-sub-section title should not be numbered. The first sentence of the first paragraph after the section title, sub-section title, and sub-sub-section title is not indented. Tables and figures are presented with titles in the main body of the manuscript. If the manuscript is accepted, author(s) may be asked to upload additional high-resolution (300 dpi) figures separately.

Tables: Number the tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. A comma (,) and a period (.) are used in number to show decimal and thousand separators, respectively. The table must be provided as an editable file, not pasted in as an image, the information contained in the table must be independent and complement, not duplicate, the information contained in the text. Legends and footnotes should be brief but comprehensive and understandable without reference to the text. All abbreviations and symbols must be defined in the footnotes. The symbols *, **, *** must be used for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the title.

Figures: Figures can be in the form of graphical images (line figure), photos, or illustration. Line figures (eg graphs and charts) and other illustrations should be clear and contrast. Line figures or other illustrations that consist of more than one field should use patterns instead of colors. Please note that line figures are preferably in black and white so that they are legible when printed by readers in black and white.

Every figure should be numbered consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and presented with a clear and concise title. Photos should be in a high resolution. All figures must be in JPG image format with a resolution of 300 dpi. The legend must be concise but complete – the figures and their legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

Footnotes: Footnotes to text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter.

Provide research background that clearly explains problems, research types, research needs, state of the art and objectives of the work. Background should be written in inverted pyramid structure. Introductions containing scientific hypotheses or predictions are highly valued.

The method must explain in detail the research procedure to convince the reader to trust the research results and allow other researchers to follow them. Methods that are already standard can be summarized by mentioning the reference source. Any modifications to standard methods must be explained. Formulas and equations must be written to validate research results.

Results and discussion should be presented in separate sections. The results section only describes research data without any discussion. It must be in the form of data presented in the form of tables, graphs, charts, illustrations, or photos resulting from the methods used in accordance with the research objectives, hypotheses, or predictions written in the introduction.

The discussion should be concise and focused on interpreting the results, discussing the relationships between observed variables, and not repeating the results. The author should be able to emphasize the main findings and show the novelty of the work. The author should provide a concise explanation of the implications of the findings, particularly in relation to previous related studies and potential future directions for research. All cited studies must be from peer-reviewed articles.

The conclusion is optional. The author can use the last paragraph of the discussion section as a substitute for the conclusion.

Author Contributions: For research articles with several authors, a short paragraph specifying their individual contributions could be provided. The following statements should be used “X.X. and Y.Y. conceived and designed the experiments; X.X. performed the experiments; X.X. and Y.Y. analyzed the data; W.W. contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools; Y.Y. wrote the paper.” Authorship must be limited to those who have contributed substantially to work reported.

Conflicts of Interest: Authors are required to provide a Conflict of Interest Statement during the submission process. All authors must disclose potential sources of conflicts of interest affecting the objectivity of the authors, which may include, but are not limited to, patents or shareholdings, membership of the company's board of directors, membership of the company's board or advisory committee, and consulting for or receipt of speaker fees from the company. If authors have no conflict of interest to declare, they must also certify at the time of submission that there is no conflict of interest. The Conflict of Interest Statement should be included as part of the main text file and written after the acknowledgment section.

Acknowledgment: Acknowledgment should be brief with essential credit especially for the funding source whose support the research and those individuals who help during the research and writing and checking the manuscript (providing language help, writing assistance or proofreading the manuscript, etc.). 

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (vice versa). We encourage authors to use up-to-date primary reference sources. References must be prepared in accordance with the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) 7th edition. This means that in-text citations must follow the author-date method whereby the last name of the author and the year of publication of the source must appear in the text (see some examples below). Articles with one or two authors include all names in each in-text citation, while articles with three or more authors are abbreviated to the first author name plus et al.

Examples APA 7th edition:

  1. Litter is an important component that derives from dead plant and animal parts in the nutrient cycle that regulates soil organic matter (Chakravarty et al., 2019).
  2. The mature fruits that fall at the onset to mid rainy season (Singh & Singh, 1992; Wallace & Painter, 2002; Singh & Kushwaha, 2006; Ragusa-Netto & Silva, 2007; Nanda et al., 2014) are generally the fleshy fruits of climax species (Opler et al., 1980; Lieberman, 1982).
  3. This latter finding supports previous studies by Galiano (2010), Altonen & Silva (2016), and by Móricz et al. (2018) which showed that pine trees are sensitive to drought.

The complete reference list should appear alphabetically by name at the end of the paper. Where available, a DOI should be provided for all references. For journal articles, the issue number is listed in parentheses after the volume number. Samples of the most common entries in reference lists appears below.

This weblink or, that explaining APA citation could be useful.

  • Journal Article
    Lastname, Firstname. (Published year). The Title of Article: Capitalizes Every First Word. Journal Name: Capitalizes Every First Word and Using Italic Style, Volume(Issue), first page-last page.

Justiniano, M.J., & Fredericksen, T.S. (2000). Phenology of tree species in Bolivian dry forest. Biotropica, 32(2), 276-281.

  • Book
    Lastname, Firstname. (Published year). The Title of Book: Capitalizes Every First Word and Using Italic Style.Publisher.

Whitmore, T.C. (1986). Tropical rain forests of the far e.ast, 2nd Edition. Oxford University Press, Clarendon, Oxford, UK. p. 243.

  • Chapter in an Edited Book
    Lastname, Firstname. (Published year). The Title of Book Chapter: Capitalizes Every First Word. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), The Title of Book: Capitalizes Every First Word and Using Italic Style (first page-last page of the chapter). Publisher.

Hanson, K.T., Kristen, S., Morrow, K.S., Ngakan, P.O., Trinidad, J.S., Zak, A.A., & Riley, E.P. (2022). Encountering Sulawesi’s Endemic Primates: Considerations for Developing Primate Tourism in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. In Gursky, S.L., Supriatna, J., & Achor, A. (Eds.), Ecotourism and Indonesia’s Primates (pp. 111-151). Springer.

  • Unpublished Works
    Unpublished works may only be cited when they have been accepted for publication. The name of the journal in which they have been accepted and the volume number should be written down.

Putra, P.S., Achmad, A., Yamada, T., & Ngakan, P.O. (2023). Seasonal litter production patterns in three tropical forests in Sulawesi, Indonesia: Implications for managing secondary forests. Biodiversitas, 24 (In press).

  • Websites
    Referring to non-peer-reviewed articles from the Internet should be avoided as much as possible. Only if there is no other source can be referred to in the following manner. Anonymous articles may not be referenced.

Samsoedin, Kartawinata, K., & Sugiarti (2013). Ex-situ Conservation of Plants Species in Wallacea. Lembaga Ilmu Penegathuan Indonseia. Retrieved from 13 February 2023.

Species Names: When first used in titles, abstracts, and texts, the common name of a species must be followed by the scientific name (Latin name) and the author. For the first use in the text, the specific name must be followed by the family name. If there is no common name in English, only the scientific name may be used.

General Style Points:

  1. In general, terms should not be abbreviated unless they are used repeatedly and the abbreviation is helpful to the reader. Initially, use the term in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. thereafter, just use abbreviations.
  2. Numbers: numbers under 10 are spelled out, except for measurements with a unit (75 g/cm2/month); age (35 years old), or lists with other numbers (10 people, 5 species).
  3. Chemical substances should be referred to by their generic name only. Drugs should be referred to by their generic names. If proprietary drugs have been used in the study, refer to these by their generic name, mentioning the proprietary name and the name and location of the manufacturer in parentheses. Trade names should not be used.
  4. Units of measure: JPK Wallacea uses the International System of Units (SI) of measure or metric system. Please refer to Taylor BN and Thompson A (2028) The International System of Units (SI) (Special publication 330) (PDF). NIST or similar sources.

JPK Wallacea encourages author(s) to use reference management software such as Mendeley, Zotero, as well as EndNote and select the APA 6th edition style template when preparing the article using the word processor such as Microsoft Office Word.

To simply follow our journal's guidelines, please download this TEMPLATE, and replace the content with your own material. 

Binanga have a policy of screening for plagiarism. We use Anti-Plagiarism Software Turnitin to check the authenticity of the article