Regional Lineament Pattern and Morphotectonic Analysis: The Investigation of Geological Structures and Present-Time Relative Tectonic Activity in the Tin Granite Area of Belitung Island, Indonesia


  • Harnanti Yogaputri Hutami Teknik Geofisika, Institut Teknologi Sumatera
  • Nur Ayu Anas Geological Engineering Department, Universitas Cendrawasih, Papua
  • Erlangga Ibrahim Fattah Geophysical Engineering Department, Faculty of Industry and Technology, Institut Teknologi Sumatera 35365



lineament, morphotectonic index, relative tectonic activity, structural geology


Belitung Island is located on the East Coast of Sumatra and is the southernmost extension of the Southeast Asian granite belt. Despite the flat terrain of the island, numerous granite outcrops provide insight into the past tectonic activities that caused the uplift in the region. This study analyzes the current state of Belitung's tectonic activity by examining its morphotectonic index and lineament pattern. A National Digital Elevation Model (DEMNAS) dataset with a resolution of up to 8.1 m will be used to assess the geological patterns and relative tectonic activity from the surface. The relationship between the regional lineament system and morphotectonic quantification throughout the landforms of Belitung Island will also be considered. The modified Segmented Tracing Algorithm (m-STA) technique extracted the lineament features. The Index of Relative Active Tectonic (IATR) was calculated by averaging several morphotectonic indices, such as asymmetry factors (AF), stream-length index (SL), mountain-front sinuosity (Smf), and valley floor width-height ratio (VF) factors, to quantify the relative tectonic activity of the area. The combination of the two methods shows that Belitung is currently experiencing relatively weak tectonic activity compared to the past. This is supported by the surface appearance, which is mainly composed of lowlands. Several granite outcrops and highlands are aligned along the NW-SE and NE-SW directions, corresponding to the main geological structures in the area.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Harnanti Yogaputri Hutami, Teknik Geofisika, Institut Teknologi Sumatera

Scopus ID: Scholar:


Ahmadi, H., & Pekkan, E. (2021). Fault-based geological lineaments extraction using remote sensing and GIS—A review. Geosciences (Switzerland), 11(5), 183.

Andrifa, J., Sulaksana, N., Gentana, D., & Sulastri, M. (2021). Geological Lineament Pattern and Geomorphic Indices Characteristic Related To Geothermal Manifestation Appearance: A Case Study from Gunung Talang District and Its Surroundings, Solok Regency, West Sumatra Province, Indonesia. International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology, 8(3), 323–336.

Army, E. K., & Saepuloh, A. (2020). Field Verifications of Geological Structures Related to SAR Detected Lineaments. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 417(1), 012012.

Baharuddin, & Sidarto. (1995). Peta Geologi Lembar Belitung, Sumatera (1:250,000). Puslitbang Geologi, Indonesia.

Barber, A. J., & Crow, M. J. (2009). Structure of Sumatra and its implications for the tectonic assembly of Southeast Asia and the destruction of Paleotethys. Island Arc, 18(1), 3–20.

Bhatt, S. C., Singh, R., Ansari, M. A., & Bhatt, S. (2020). Quantitative Morphometric and Morphotectonic Analysis of Pahuj Catchment Basin, Central India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 96(5), 513–520.

Bishop, P. (2007). Long-term landscape evolution: linking tectonics and surface processes. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 32, 329–365.

Cobbing, E. J., Mallick, D. I. J., Pitfield, P. E. J., & Teoh, L. H. (1986). The granites of the Southeast Asian Tin Belt. Journal of the Geological Society, 143(3), 537–550.

Eleni, K., Skilodimou Hariklia, D., Bathrellos George, D., Assimina, A., & Evangelos, K. (2015). Morphotectonic analysis, structural evolution/pattern of a contractional ridge: Giouchtas Mt., Central Crete, Greece. Journal of Earth System Science, 124(3), 587–602.

Eynoddin, E. H., Solgi, A., Pourkermani, M., Matkan, A., & Arian, M. (2017). Assessment of Relative Active Tectonics in the Bozgoush Basin (SW of Caspian Sea). Open Journal of Marine Science, 07(02), 211–237.

Florinsky, I. V. (2016). Lineaments and Faults. Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology, 353–376.

Gentana, D., Sulaksana, N., Sukiyah, E., & Yuningsih, E. T. (2018). Index of active tectonic assessment: Quantitative-based geomorphometric and morphotectonic analysis at Way Belu Drainage Basin, Lampung Province, Indonesia. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, 8(6), 2460–2471.

Goudie, A. S. (2004). Encyclopedia of Geomorphology. In Encylopedia of Geomorphology (eBook). Taylor & Francis.

Green, D. J. (1997). Active Tectonics Earthquakes, Uplift, and Landscape. Environmental & Engineering Geoscience, III(3), 463–464.

Gupta, L., Agrawal, N., Dixit, J., & Dutta, S. (2022). A GIS-based assessment of active tectonics from morphometric parameters and geomorphic indices of Assam Region, India. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: X, 8, 100115.

Hidayat, E., Muslim, D., Zakaria, Z., Permana, H., & Wibowo, D. A. (2023). Index active tectonic relative of Karangsambung geopark area, Central Java, Indonesia: assessment for developing geological disaster-based areas. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 1173, 012014.

Kumar, N., Dumka, R. K., Mohan, K., & Chopra, S. (2022). Relative active tectonics evaluation using geomorphic and drainage indices, in Dadra and Nagar Haveli, western India. Geodesy and Geodynamics, 13(3), 219–229.

Laake, A. (2022). Remote Sensing for Hydrocarbon Exploration (Springer R). Springer.

Lehmann, B., & Harmanto. (1990). Large-scale tin depletion in the Tanjungpandan tin granite, Belitung Island, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 85(1), 99–111.

Luirei, K., Bhakuni, S. S., Longkumer, L., Kumar, V., & Jamir, I. (2021). Geomorphic assessment of the factors contributing to the evolution of landforms in Ukhaldhunga area, Kosi River valley, Kumaun Himalaya, Uttarakhand. Geosciences Journal, 25(4), 465–478.

Mahmood, S. A., & Gloaguen, R. (2012). Appraisal of active tectonics in Hindu Kush: Insights from DEM derived geomorphic indices and drainage analysis. Geoscience Frontiers, 3(4), 407–428.

Manjare, B. S. (2020). Morphotectonic Analysis of Upper Tapi River Sub-basin, Madhya Pradesh. Journal of Geoscience Research, 1(1), 81–88.

Ng, S. W.-P., Whitehouse, M. J., Roselee, M. H., Teschner, C., Murtadha, S., Oliver, G. J. H., Ghani, A. A., & Chang, S. C. (2017). Late Triassic granites from Bangka, Indonesia: A continuation of the Main Range granite province of the South-East Asian Tin Belt. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 138, 548–561.

Othman, A. T., & Omar, A. A. (2023). Evaluation of relative active tectonics by using geomorphic indices of the Bamo anticline, Zagros Fold-Thrust Belt, Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Heliyon, 9(7), e17970.

Partabian, A., Nourbakhsh, A., & Ameri, S. (2016). GIS-based evaluation of geomorphic response to tectonic activity in Makran Mountain Range, SE of Iran. Geosciences Journal, 20(6), 921–934.

Saepuloh, A., Haeruddin, H., Heriawan, M. N., Kubo, T., Koike, K., & Malik, D. (2018). Application of lineament density extracted from dual orbit of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images to detecting fluids paths in the Wayang Windu geothermal field (West Java, Indonesia). Geothermics, 72, 145–155.

Shiran, M., Asadi, M. A. Z., Mozzi, P., Adab, H., & Amirahmadi, A. (2020). Detection of surface anomalies through fractal analysis and their relation to morphotectonics (High Zagros belt, Iran). Geosciences Journal, 24(5), 597–613.

Usman, E. (2016). the Geochemical Characteristic of Major Element of Granitoid of Natuna, Singkep, Bangka and Sibolga. Bulletin of the Marine Geology, 30(1), 45–54.

Wang, Y., Qian, X., Zhang, Y., Gan, C., Zhang, A., Zhang, F., Feng, Q., Cawood, P. A., & Zhang, P. (2021). Southern extension of the Paleotethyan zone in SE Asia: Evidence from the Permo-Triassic granitoids in Malaysia and West Indonesia. Lithos, 398–399, 106336.

Zahirovic, S., Seton, M., & Müller, R. D. (2014). The Cretaceous and Cenozoic tectonic evolution of Southeast Asia. Solid Earth, 5(1), 227–273.

Zhang, Y., Yu, X., Wang, Y., Qian, X., Gan, C., Ghani, A. A., Yu, Y., & Xu, C. (2023). Reconstructing the East Palaeo-Tethyan assemblage boundary in west Indonesia: constraints from Triassic granitoids in the Bangka and Belitung islands. Geological Society, London, Special Publication, 531, 265–286.

Zhazhalayi, P. K., & Surdashy, A. (2022). Neo-tectonism and quantitative morphotectonic analysis of Roste Valley at imbricated-suture zones, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Iraqi Geological Journal, 55(2E), 35–58.




How to Cite

Hutami, H. Y., Anas, N. A., & Fattah, E. I. (2024). Regional Lineament Pattern and Morphotectonic Analysis: The Investigation of Geological Structures and Present-Time Relative Tectonic Activity in the Tin Granite Area of Belitung Island, Indonesia. JURNAL GEOCELEBES, 8(1), 83–97.