Pengaruh Sanksi Uni Eropa Terhadap Rusia Atas Krisis Ukraina

Authors

  • Mahfud Massaguni Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Muhammad Nasir Badu Department of International Relations, Hasanuddin University
  • Muhammad Ashry Sallatu Department of International Relations, Hasanuddin University

Keywords:

Ukraine Crisis; Crimea; Russian Sanction; European Union; krisis ukraina; krimea; sanksi rusia; Uni Eropa

Abstract

The crisis of Ukraine is one of the hot topics in the international world talks. The cancellation of the signing of the Association Agreement, which is a stage of integration of Ukraine into the EU, resulted in a wave of massive protests from citizens of Ukraine. Representatives of the EU mediating between the Ukrainian government and the protesting parties ultimately resulted in an agreement to oust President Viktor Yanukovych. The deposition of President Viktor Yanukovych, called pro-Russian, resulted in anger on the part of Russia, on the grounds that the elected president of Viktor Yanukovych's successor was a pro-European party. After the election, unarmed armed forces took over the Crimea territory and held a referendum for the territory to join Russia. Russian involvement in this conflict led to the EU sanctioning Russia. This prolonged sanction not only affects Russia, but also against Europe, because basically each side is one of the largest trading partners.     Krisis Ukraina merupakan salah satu topik hangat dalam perbincangan dunia internasional. Pembatalan penandatanganan Association Agreement, yaitu sebuah tahapan integrasi Ukraina kedalam Uni Eropa, mengakibatkan gelombang protes besar-besaran dari warga Ukraina. Perwakilan Uni Eropa yang menjadi penengah antara pemerintah Ukraina dan para pihak yang melakukan protes, akhirnya menghasilkan kesepakatan untuk melengserkan presiden Viktor Yanukovych. Dilengserkannya Presiden Viktor Yanukovych yang disebut sebagai pro-Rusia, mengakibatkan kemarahan dari pihak Rusia, dengan alasan presiden terpilih pengganti Viktor Yanukovych merupakan pihak yang pro-Eropa. Setelah pemilihan, pasukan bersenjata tanpa identitas mengambil alih wilayah Krimea dan mengadakan referendum agar wilayah tersebut bergabung dengan Rusia. Keterlibatan Rusia dalam konflik ini menyebabkan Uni Eropa memberi sanksi terhadap Rusia. Sanksi berkepanjangan ini tidak hanya berdampak pada Rusia, namun juga terhadap Eropa, karena pada dasarnya masing-masing pihak merupakan salah satu mitra dagang paling besar.

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Published

2022-05-21