https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/issue/feed ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities 2021-03-27T02:21:44+00:00 Fathu Rahman fathu.rahman@unhas.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p>ELS-JISH is a journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities: Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture, a scholarly peer-reviewed international scientific journal published quartely by the Faculty of Cultural Sciences Hasanuddin University Publication, focusing on theories, methods, and materials in Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture (study and research). It provides a high profile, leading edge forum for academics, professionals, educators, consultants, practitioners and postgraduate students in the field of English Language Studies (ELS) to contribute and disseminate innovative new work on the disciplines. JISH was started in 2017 and first published in 2018. It invites original, previously unpublished, research and survey articles, plus research-in-progress reports and short research notes, on both practical and theoretical aspects of Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture.</p> <p><a title="Submit Your Paper" href="https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/user/register" target="_self"> <img src="https://journal.unhas.ac.id/public/site/images/budiarman/Submit_Paper3.png" alt="" /></a><a title="Author Guidelines" href="https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/about/submissions#onlineSubmissions" target="_self"><img src="https://journal.unhas.ac.id/public/site/images/budiarman/AG_Untitled-13.png" alt="" /></a><a title="Manuscript Template" href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1sB4tOJOXMmx3r2b_41Lkbf7uYTlqLbhq/view?usp=sharing" target="_self"><img src="https://journal.unhas.ac.id/public/site/images/budiarman/Template_Unsssssssssstitled-133.png" alt="" /></a></p> <p> </p> https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/12786 Facial expressions alter the fundamental sound properties of speech 2021-02-04T18:57:53+00:00 Lucas Tessaro lx_tessaro@laurentian.ca Cynthia Whissell cwhissell@laurentian.ca <p><em>Literature from across academic disciplines has demonstrated significant links between emotional valence and language. For example, Whissell’s Dictionary of Affect in Language defines three dimensions upon which the emotionality of words is describable, and Ekman’s Theories of Emotion include the perception and internalization of facial expressions. The present study seeks to expand upon these works by exploring whether holding facial expressions alters the fundamental speech properties of spoken language. Nineteen (19) participants were seated in a soundproof chamber and were asked to speak a series of pseudowords containing target phonemes.&nbsp; The participants spoke the pseudowords either holding no facial expression, smiling, or frowning, and the utterances recorded using a high-definition microphone and phonologically analysed using PRAAT analysis software. Analyses revealed a pervasive gender differences in frequency variables, where males showed lower fundamental but higher formant frequencies compared to females. Significant main effects were found within the fundamental and formant frequencies, but no effects were discerned for the intensity variable. While intricate, these results are indicative of an interaction between the activity of facial musculature when reflecting emotional valence and the sound properties of speech uttered simultaneously.</em></p> 2021-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Lucas Tessaro, Cynthia Whissell https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/13044 ELT Graduate Students’ Challenges of Writing for Scholarly Publication: Discursive Perspectives 2021-02-25T08:36:54+00:00 Masyhudi Lathif masyhudilathif@gmail.com Joko Nurkamto jokonurkamto@staff.uns.ac.id Diah Kristina diahkristina@staff.uns.ac.id <p><em>There has been an increasing demand for postgraduate students to publish their scholarly work as one of their graduation requirements. The present study attempted to explore the graduate students’ challenges in writing for scholarly publication seen from the perspectives of discursive challenges. This qualitative research employed case study to disclose the participants’ perceived constraints. The students participated in this study three final-year female students undertaking their master’s degree in English Language Teaching (ELT) in a university in Central Java. Data were garnered from semi-structured interviews. The findings discovered the discursive challenges that the participants faced in writing for scholarly publication including accuracy, genre understanding, interference of L1 to L2 production, and lexical items. It is expected that this study provides new insights for EAP design for higher education context so that the program addresses the needs of the graduate students. </em></p> 2021-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Masyhudi Lathif, Joko Nurkamto, Diah Kristina https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/13360 The Effectiveness and Students’ Perceptions on Learning Tenses Through Mind Mapping Technique on Elementary Level at an Education and Training Institute in Indonesia 2021-03-23T15:29:35+00:00 Nur Alifah Annisa Jumrah alifahann@gmai.com Mirah Azizah alifahann@gmai.com <p><em>Numerous studies had conducted the use of mind mapping as a technique in teaching and learning English, but relatively few of these studies focused on the effectiveness and students’ perceptions of mind mapping technique in learning tenses on elementary level in a non-formal education institution. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of mind mapping technique in learning present tenses and students’ perceptions toward this technique on elementary level students of the English program. 30 students of the English program on elementary level at Aliah Education and Training Institute Makassar took part in the study. Data were collected through pre-test, post-test, observation, questionnaire, and interview and thus used to analyze the results quantitatively and qualitatively using preliminary studies, general mean scores, and percentages of students‘ improvement score. Results of the study showed that the students were really enthusiastic to learn with this technique and the atmosphere of the classroom was more enjoyable. In addition, the students’ ability in using tenses was improved after implementing this technique. In the pre-test, the general mean score of the students was 42.33 and classified as Very Poor. While, the general mean score of the students was 78.92 and classified as Good in the post-test. The students‘ improvement score was increased up to 86.44%. It revealed that mind mapping technique is effective in learning tenses. However, it is suggested that further studies can be conducted with larger data to make it more accurate and applicable.</em></p> 2021-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Nur Alifah Annisa Jumrah, Mirah Azizah https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/13361 The Ethnolinguistic Vitality of Konjo in Bulukumba Regency of South Sulawesi, Indonesia 2021-03-23T15:48:21+00:00 Sri Ningsih incijica@yahoo.co.id Hamzah Machmoed incijica@yahoo.co.id Noer Jihad Saleh incijica@yahoo.co.id Ria Jubhari incijica@yahoo.co.id <p><em>The maintenance of an ethnic language in a multilingual setting depends on many factors, and it is including language vitality. This study examines the vitality of the Konjo language in South Sulawesi. By demonstrating the ethnolinguistic vitality (EV) theory, this descriptive study examines Konjo language vitality in two contexts: ethnically homogeneous and ethnically heterogeneous areas in Bulukumba Regency. In the homogenous area, status, demographic, and institutional support are factors to contribute to the EV of Konjo. However, in the heterogeneous area, demographic factors contribute little while status and institutional support contribute to the maintenance of the language. The result of this study shows that the sheer number of Konjo community members distributed throughout the heterogeneous area is not sufficient for language maintenance. Nevertheless, Konjo EV remains high overall because of the community’s strong cultural and ethnic identification with their heritage language..</em></p> 2021-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sri Ningsih, Hamzah Machmoed, Noer Jihad Saleh, Ria Jubhari https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/12747 Grammatical Errors in English Informal Essays by The Sixth Semester of English Literature Students 2021-02-01T10:20:03+00:00 Jumardin Muchtar jumardinmuchtar025@gmail.com <p><em>This research focused on Dulay's and Richard's theories about grammatical errors. This research purposed to (1) describe grammatical error types in English informal essay were made by the sixth semester of English Literature students in Makassar Islamic University and (2) find grammatical error causes in the informal essay were made by the sixth semester of English Literature students in Makassar Islamic University. The researcher used qualitative methods to analyse the types of error in students' questionnaires and essays based on Dulay's theory: omission, addition, misformation, and misordering. Meanwhile, the researcher also found error causes by Richard's theory, namely, interference, overgeneralization, ignorance of the rule restriction, incomplete rule restriction, and false concept hypothesized. This research demonstrated 210 errors in students' questionnaires and essays. First, fifty-two errors in omission: twenty-nine errors in the omission of the auxiliary verb, three errors in the omission of the ordinary verb, six errors omission of the noun, eight errors in the omission of a plural noun, two errors in the omission of gerund noun and four errors in the omission of the preposition. Second, ninety-three errors, in addition, those were: twelve errors in double marking, fifty-one errors in regularization, and thirty errors in simple addition. Third, fifty-one errors in misinformation last were fourteen errors in misordering, which were found in interference, overgeneralization, ignorance of the rule restriction, incomplete rule restriction, and false concept hypothesized.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>Grammatical, Error, Informal Essays.</em></p> 2021-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jumardin Muchtar https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/13135 Nyerere in Eyes of his Critics 2021-03-04T15:49:03+00:00 Ignas Fedeo mwasongweignas@gmail.com <p><em>There are a number of positive ideals about Mwalimu Julius Nyerere in the literatures. His ideals includes among others his devotion for peace, security, unity and democracy. However, the ideals do not limit the visibility of his negative traits. This paper specially examines the criticisms against Nyerere. The paper looks at the portrayal of Nyerere in number literatures from his critics. It examines the literatures against Nyerere in number of issues including his role in the decolonization struggle, the situation of democracy and individual freedom during his reign and his position towards Islamic religion and Zanzibar revolution. The paper establishes that most of criticisms against Nyerere are not refuted because supporters and critics talk about different things. Whereas his supporters put forward his role in building the nation, critics focus his in his economic failure and deprivation of individual freedom in Tanzania. </em></p> 2021-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ignas Fedeo https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/11598 A Genre Analysis of the Undergraduate Thesis Abstracts: Revisiting Swales’ Theory of Written Discourse 2020-10-21T04:11:02+00:00 Andi Suwarni andisuwarni25@gmail.com <p>The genre&nbsp;analysis has become a critical study in pragmatic which forms the dialogic interaction that manifest written academic discourse socially and culturally. The aims of this study is to describe the pattern and variation of moves that appear from the undergraduate&nbsp;thesis abstracts at a specific college in the Bone Region. The implications of this study on educational written materials are included. Data collection comprised 45 abstracts as samples consist of 3 cohorts (2015, 2016 and 2017) of university students, each with 15 abstracts. A structure studied by Hyland (2005) was used to explain the different trends in the abstracts. Unstructured interviews with and evaluation of the students were carried out to better understand the writing skills of the students. Then data were analyzed using content analysis. The results show that most abstracts involve rhetorical gestures similar to the previous study. The moves include an initial statement, a clarification of intent and confirmation of the results and explanations for the research 's significance. The results also indicated that university students are more mindful of the logical series. Rhetorical movements and language properties needed in abstract academic learning. The aim, methodology and findings of the related paper are the most abstracts. These findings are compatible with previous studies and show that future scientists based on movement analysis that should explore the link between movement analysis results and academic teaching content. The results justify such pedagogic consequences that indicate that the student has an interest in current education research to change the teaching materials.</p> 2021-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Andi Suwarni https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/13362 Expressive Act by Elite Politicians in Responding Issue of “Coup d’etat” in Democratic Party” 2021-03-23T16:11:06+00:00 Lewi Kabanga' lewikaban@gmail.com Yohanes Moruk lewikang@gmail.com Upi Laila Hanum lewikang@gmail.com <p><em>Democratic party is one of the greater parties that exists in Indonesia. Its existence gives significance colors in national politics. The declaration of coup’ d etat effort in front of the pers invites the politicians giving their responds. This research tries to investigate expressive act by the elite politicians. The method used in this research was qualitative method. To collect the data, documentation technique was used. It meant that the data were downloaded from internet. There were six videos taken from internet with 12 politicians. Those videos discussed the issue of coup d’etat in democratic party. The collecting data were transcribed without blurring the meaning. In displaying the data, the researchers investigated expressive acts used by every politician and then put them into the table of expressive acts. The results of this research revealed that there were two groups of politicians with different expressive acts. The group of pro and contra toward the issue of coup d’etat. In pro group used expressive act of approving, convincing, confessing, criticizing, and fearing. While the contra used disapproving, resentment, shocking and lamenting. Whole the expressive acts, both in pro and contra, were categorized into psychological and attitude effects. The psychological effect included the emotional range such as fearing, shocking, lamenting, and resentment. While, the attitude effect included the range of cognition, affection, and connation such as approving, disapproving, convincing, confessing, and criticizing. The implying meaning showed both the existence of coupd’etat and conspiracy thinking of elite politicians.</em></p> 2021-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Lewi Kabanga', Yohanes Moruk, Upi Laila Hanum https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/13363 The Value of Education Character in The Legend Stories of The Ternate Community 2021-03-23T16:33:18+00:00 Agus Hi Jamal agusjamal942@gmail.com Adelina Ibrahim agusjamal1942@gmail.com <p><em>So far, the culture of North Maluku has not been studied or put in order, so the way it is thought that it would be lost to foreign influence, which is particularly strong in the 21st century, needs governments to make an effort to preserve. formal community which is currently the base of civilization, particularly the informal one Rather, really, given the depth of research, local culture will nurture and help to grow the national culture. Therefore, it must be consistently implemented in education, and accomplish national educational objectives due to the integration of local values. However, as this era's cultural significance is erodes, this as an issue that must be researched as a challenge emerges. It's implied that generations still have a concern for the group that must be rooted in the culture so that the next generation has the ability to fulfill the pledge that this ancestral heritage represents inheritize and formalize such as books and journals so that carry the traditions into the future can be passed on to future generations The data used in this analysis, is the source of the original data. The primary data for the study will be taken from this source, which is collected directly and instantly from the source itself. the aim of the goal is for research in Takome is to conclude that: It is anticipated that a production will be obtained, namely to verify the importance of character education in community legends in the city of Ternate, South District For the long-term preservation of publications, we will record their benefits and values in Ternate, and make them available for the generations to come. Compete in local and national events</em></p> 2021-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Agus Hi Jamal, Adelina Ibrahim https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/13366 The Distribution of Academic Vocabulary List (AVL) in Undergraduate Theses: A Corpus Study 2021-03-24T04:14:16+00:00 Fisma fismaasdira@gmail.com Abidin Pammu fismaasdira@gmail.com Ria Jubhari fismaasdira@gmail.com <p><em>This study is a corpus-based study that aims to find out the use of words in Gardner and Davies' (2014) Academic Vocabulary List (AVL) in Undergraduate Theses in the field of English Education. A 2.2 million-word called undergraduate theses corpus was created in this study. The corpus consists of 200 undergraduate theses compiled from 10 Universities in Indonesia. The result shows that AVL words account for 24.79% of the entire education undergraduate theses, which contained 557,658 running words. AVL contains 3,015 core academic words (lemmas). Based on word frequency criteria, this study found 573-word forms and 871 lemmas, which coverage 31.48% of the whole Gardner and Davies' AVL that occur at least 63 times in the entire corpus and the word has to occur at least five times in five universities. The finding shows that AVL is effective for the students in writing undergraduate theses. However some of the words that are closely related to the English Education field are not found in the AVL, therefore an attempt to develop a new academic vocabulary specific to the English Education field is needed.</em></p> 2021-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Fisma, Abidin Pammu, Ria Jubhari https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/13358 Patriotism Values as Portrayed in Selected Poetry of Tennyson's Ulysses and Kaimuddin's Bula Malino : A Comparative Study 2021-03-23T15:18:21+00:00 Hilmawati hilmawatihamaa10@gmail.com Fathu Rahman hilmawatihamaa10@gmail.com Herawaty Abbas hilmawatihamaa10@gmail.com <p>Culture and literature differences raising birth of the uniqueness in every country that enriches the lives of the world community, including Butonese and English. This study aimed to compare patriotism values between the Selected Poetry of Tennyson‘s "Ulysses" and Kaimuddin‘s "Bula Malino" by using Comparative Study. This study identifies similarities and differences in the patriotism values implied in both of the poems. Through the Comparative French School Human Models and Heroes, this study analyzed the characterizations from both of the poems which possessed patriotism although the scope is differ. The concept of patriotism in <em>Ulysses</em> is related to the patriotic, loyalty, affectionate, sportsmanship, and heroism of a king, named Ulysses, to his kingdom, people, family, and his hobby. Whereas in <em>Bula Malino</em>, patriotism is shown by loyalty, affectionate, patriotic, and sportsmanship of Sultan MIK as the main character to his religious teachings.</p> 2021-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Hilmawati, Fathu Rahman, Herawaty Abbas https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/13351 Utilizing Local Wisdom-Based Reading Text to Improve Students’ Reading Comprehension of the Second Grade of MAN 1 Baubau 2021-03-23T05:33:15+00:00 Fikratul Khairiyah fika.latif21@gmail.com Abidin Pammu abidinpammu60@gmail.com Sukmawaty Sukmawaty sukmawatymumu@gmail.com <p><em>Local wisdom-based reading text as the authentic teaching material overcomes various obstacles of reading comprehension in EFL which activate the students’ schemata. This research is about utilization of the local wisdom-based reading text to improve students’ reading comprehension. The types of comprehension include identifying main idea, understanding unfamiliar words, identifying text details, and being able to find reference within the text, being able to make inference regarding the text. The research design was pre-experimental study using a sample of 27 students in the second grade of Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 1 Baubau. A pre-test was administrated before intervention and after the same test for the post-test was administered to find out the students’ improvement on reading comprehension. The result confirmed that local wisdom-based reading text is an effective tools to empower EFL learners’ comprehension. The most prevalent improvement regards familiarity of the lexical items ability in making inference as well as finding out main idea. The students’ positive responses that were based on the perception confirmed that local wisdom-based reading text could be encouraged to come up with pedagogical implication applicable for the EFL classroom notably at the second grade of MAN 1 Baubau.</em></p> 2021-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Fikratul Khairiyah, Abidin Pammu, Sukmawaty Sukmawaty https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/13382 System of Question Sentence in Tontemboan Language 2021-03-25T23:04:56+00:00 Intama Jemy Polii intamapolii@unima.ac.id <p>This study aims to describe the question system sentence of Tontemboan language based on its form, propositional function, and the meaning it refers to. This study used a qualitative method with a descriptive design. Based on the results of the research, the form of question sentences in the Tontemboan language can be classified into three types, namely (1) interrogative sentences marked by the use of interrogative words: <em>sapa, sei, kawisya, ambisya, pira, kitu, and kensya</em>, (2) question sentences marked by the use of interrogative intonation, and (3) interrogative sentences marked by the use of question particles<em> re'en</em> and <em>wei</em>. Based on the proposition, Indonesian language question sentences are categorized into: (1) WH-question questions, (2) yes-no questions, and (3) questions commonly called alternatives. The function of the Tontemboan language question sentence, according to the meaning, referred to varied dependence on the form of the question used, question word, intonation, and question particle.</p> 2021-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Intama Jemy Polii https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/13395 Social Impacts of Industrial Revolution in Charles Dickens’s Oliver Twist 2021-03-26T14:36:37+00:00 Hasrida Ardin hasridaardin332@gmail.com <p><em>Literature from across academic disciplines has demonstrated significant links between emotional valence and language. For example, Whissell’s Dictionary of Affect in Language defines three dimensions upon which the emotionality of words is describable, and Ekman’s Theories of Emotion include the perception and internalization of facial expressions. The present study seeks to expand upon these works by exploring whether holding facial expressions alters the fundamental speech properties of spoken language. Nineteen (19) participants were seated in a soundproof chamber and were asked to speak a series of pseudowords containing target phonemes.&nbsp; The participants spoke the pseudowords either holding no facial expression, smiling, or frowning, and the utterances recorded using a high-definition microphone and phonologically analyzed using PRAAT analysis software. Analyses revealed a pervasive gender differences in frequency variables, where males showed lower fundamental but higher formant frequencies compared to females. Significant main effects were found within the fundamental and formant frequencies, but no effects were discerned for the intensity variable. While intricate, these results are indicative of an interaction between the activity of facial musculature when reflecting emotional valence and the sound properties of speech uttered simultaneously.</em></p> 2021-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Hasrida Ardin https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/13368 Morphological Proses of Wolio Language in Kabanti Nuru Molabi 2021-03-24T04:22:05+00:00 Nurhayati Nurhayati nurhayatihudi@gmail.com <p>Morphology is the study of words and their structure. Morphological process is a mean of changing a stem to adjust its meaning to fit its syntactic and communicational context while morphological system of language reveals its properties trhough the morphemic structur of words. This research is aimed to elaborate the morphological system of Wolio language in <em>Kabanti Nuru Molabi </em>based on Anceaux theory. <em>Kabanti</em> is an oral tradition in literary works. Descriptive method is used to analyze this research. To do this research, the researchercollect the data from <em>Kabanti Nuru Molabi </em>text. Moreover, in this theory, Anceaux proposed and devided the morphological system based on the class of words. One same prefix is possible to make a different class of wordswhen it is attached to a verb or a noun. Anceaux classified the morphem based on the stem attached to verb or noun. Nevertheless, the data in <em>Kabanti Nuru Molabi s</em>hows that suffix <em>–na, </em>to form a possessive, and suffix <em>–mo </em>to form demonstrative or affirmation are not covered in Anceaux.</p> 2021-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Nurhayati Nurhayati