ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities 2020-09-26T16:42:28+00:00 Fathu Rahman Open Journal Systems <p>ELS-JISH is a journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities: Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture, a scholarly peer-reviewed international scientific journal published quartely by the Faculty of Cultural Sciences Hasanuddin University Publication, focusing on theories, methods, and materials in Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture (study and research). It provides a high profile, leading edge forum for academics, professionals, educators, consultants, practitioners and postgraduate students in the field of English Language Studies (ELS) to contribute and disseminate innovative new work on the disciplines. JISH was started in 2017 and first published in 2018. It invites original, previously unpublished, research and survey articles, plus research-in-progress reports and short research notes, on both practical and theoretical aspects of Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture.</p> <p><a title="Submit Your Paper" href="" target="_self"> <img src="" alt="" /></a><a title="Author Guidelines" href="" target="_self"><img src="" alt="" /></a><a title="Manuscript Template" href="" target="_self"><img src="" alt="" /></a></p> <p> </p> Syntactic Analysis of Donald Trump’s Inaugural Speech 2020-08-13T12:53:08+00:00 Olusegun Oladele Jegede <p><em>This study aimed at examining the syntactic devices in the inaugural speech of Donald Trump. The study adopted a quantitative and qualitative method. The study used frequencies and statistics to examine the frequency of occurrence of the syntactic devices used in the speech. The study also focused on how the devices helped in the interpretation of the speech. The speech was critically read. The syntactic devices (sentence types, modality, conjunctions, adverbials and pronouns) used in the speech were identified, categorised, interpreted and discussed according to the ideas presented in the speech. The findings revealed that the types of sentences employed were simple, complex, and compound sentences. He used more of simple sentences to achieve succinctness in his speech. He also used syntactic devices such as modal verbs, conjunctions, personal pronouns and adverbial phrases to accomplish conciseness, logicality, accuracy and effectiveness in his speech. The study concluded that the use of syntactic devices helped the speaker to achieve cohesion in the speech, thereby enabling him to express his motives, plans, feelings, and expectations from the Americans.</em></p> 2020-09-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Exploring EFL Classroom Interaction: An Analysis of Teacher Talk at Senior High School Level 2020-08-13T05:31:52+00:00 Ardesia Winanta Dewi Rochsantiningsih Slamet Supriyadi <p><em>The study on teacher talk has been considered as a crucial aspect in EFL classroom interactions due to it assists teachers to build interactive teaching-learning activities. The present study attempts to scrutinize talk types of an in-service teacher in an EFL classroom interaction based on the Foreign Language Interaction (FLINT) system proposed by Moskowitz (1971). It was conducted qualitatively through the lens of a case study by involving an experienced female EFL teacher at a senior high school level. The data were collected through several procedures consist of direct observation, audio recording, and interview section. The result disclosed that from 12 talk types in the FLINT system, 9 types were used by the teacher. One of them ‘praises or encourages’ took place as the highest type. It denoted that the teacher really appreciated the students’ effort to boost their learning motivation. Meanwhile, the least type used by the teacher was ‘criticizes student behavior’. According to the interview result, the teacher rarely used criticism because she tried to keep the students' feelings and mental. Thus, this study is expected to provide a new reference especially for EFL teachers as a consideration in using talk to get students’ attention and participation during the learning process. </em></p> 2020-09-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Adult EFL Learning in Digital Era 2020-08-21T05:02:16+00:00 Umar Umar Noer Jihad Saleh Abdul Hakim Yassi Nasmilah Nasmilah <p><em>This research aims at finding out the use of Digital Language Learning better than the Traditional Language Learning to enrich the Adult EFL learners' schema in developing their speaking ability. This research also aimed at scrutinizing how the finding of Digital Learning Learning (DLL) challenges the theory of schema for adult EFL learners and exploring the learner's attitude. This research used a quasi-experimental research design. The samples of this research were the third-semester students of Universitas Sulawesi Barat which belonged to two groups; the experimental group and the control group. The research data were collected using two kinds of instruments; the speaking test and the questionnaire given to both groups. The research results indicated that: (1) the Digital Language Learning can significantly improve the learners' schema in developing the speaking ability than Traditional Language Learning. (2) This research disclosed some Digital Language Learning features namely knowledge sharing, active and collaborative learning, learner-centered, activity, and networking. Those features are the digital language learning better than Traditional Language Learning to enrich adult EFL learners in developing their speaking ability. (3) Most of them agreed that the Digital Language Learning better than the Traditional Language Learning enriches the learners' schema in developing speaking ability. Of most significant importance, this research's novelty contributes to the schema theory that digital language learning better than traditional language learning, particularly interactivity and networking.</em></p> 2020-09-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Risk-taking and Self-actualization in EFL Positive Classroom Environment 2020-09-24T07:46:25+00:00 Liqaa Habeb Al-Obaydi <p>This study expresses a positive classroom environment depending on two axes; physical setting of the classroom and the role of the teacher as a positive atmosphere creator. By applying the proposed environment, the study tries to discover the impact of it on EFL college students’ self-actualization and risk-taking. To obtain the objectives and to verify a hypothesis, an experimental design was applied by using two groups, experimental and control. The sample of the study consists of sixty EFL first stage college students divided into two groups, each of which is thirty. The first group is the experimental, which is taught in a positive classroom environment as stated by this study. The second group is the control one, which is taught traditionally by letting the classroom as it is, without any positive addition. Two measurement tools have been used; a scaled questionnaire that has been adapted from Stephen D. Luft (2007), and a self-actualization scale that is developed by Jones &amp; Crandall (1986).Using a t-test for the two independent samples shows notable effects on EFL college students’ risk-taking and self-actualization. Based on the results obtained, educational implications that are concerned with teachers and students have been put forward. </p> 2020-09-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ornaments as a tourist attraction at the King Binamu Tomb Complex in Bontoramba District, Jeneponto Regency 2020-08-09T05:48:55+00:00 Damar Tri Afrianto <p><em>The existence of ornament which adorns almost the entire walls of the tomb functions as decorative or symbolic. Ornamen provided information about the life of Raja Binamu when he was still victorious. The analysis is described in a descriptive qualitative manner with an interpretive approach. The discussion is described based on problems related to how the ornament is able to be an attraction of visitors or tourists. The scavenger began by analyzing the ornament in the tomb with Thomas Murno's ornamental composition theory which was developed in Guntur, according to Murno, organizing the composition in art works in this case there were four models of ornaments, namely: composition based on expediency, composition based on representation, composition based on expository, and thematic based composition. It also uses concepts that are based on tourism science strategies. The results obtained in the form of an understanding that the ornaments there contain two understandings, namely ornamentation as a decorative element, namely the presence of thematic repetition ornaments such as parengreng flower motifs. The symbolic ornaments explain the life and activities of kings during his life and have a moral message. Related to its potential as a tourist attraction, the presence of ornaments needs an understanding and image strategy in the form of 1) bringing up ornaments or ornaments in each of the promotional media, 2) providing information about the types of decoration or ornaments in books (booklets) tourist guides and 3 ) creating merchandise taken from ornamental motifs in the Raja Binamu tomb complex</em></p> 2020-09-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities The Kind of Speech Styles in Allan Plenderleith’s “The Bunker (2017)” Movie 2020-04-25T23:47:33+00:00 Sukardi Weda Andi Elsa Fadhilah Sakti <p><em>This research aimed to find out the kind of speech styles in “The Bunker (2017)” directed by Allan Plenderleith. This research used descriptive method according to Martin Joos’ theory. The data were taken from The Bunker (2017) movie. The data were analyzed by watching the movie as much as possible and trying to understand all of the conversations occur in the movie. All the subtitles in the movie will be transcribed, so that they become movie scripts. Then, the writers categorized several dialogues in the movie that showed the kind of speech styles in The Bunker (2017) and the kind of speech styles appears between the two main characters, John and Margaret. The results of the research showed that the kind of speech styles in The Bunker (2017) among others is: an intimate style, a casual or an informal style, a consultative style, and a formal style. An intimate style is the style that always used between the main characters, because they are a mother and her son.</em></p> 2020-09-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities The Racist Fact against American-Indians in Steinbeck’s The Pearl 2020-09-25T12:52:20+00:00 Abbas Abbas <p><em>the social conditions of Indians as Native Americans for the treatment of white people who are immigrants from Europe in America. This research explores aspects of the reality of Indian relations with European immigrants in America that have an impact on discriminatory actions against Indians in John Steinbeck's novel The Pearl. Social facts are traced through fiction as part of the genetics of literary works. The research method used is genetic structuralism, a literary research method that traces the origin of the author's imagination in his fiction. The imagination is considered a social reality that reflects events in people's lives. The research data consist of primary data in the form of literary works, and secondary data are some references that document the background of the author's life and social reality. The results of this research indicate that racist acts as part of American social facts are documented in literary works. The situation of poor Indians and displaced people in slums is a social fact witnessed by John Steinbeck as the author of the novel The Pearl through an Indian fictional character named Kino. Racism is an act of white sentiment that discriminates against Native Americans, namely the Indian community.</em></p> 2020-09-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Mood and Modality Analyses in Investigating Ideology of News About Indonesia in BBC World Webnews 2020-09-12T08:18:50+00:00 Diah Supatmiwati Martin L. Manda Noer Jihad Saleh Mustafa Makka <p><em>The primary aim of this study is to investigate the influence of ideology on news. The goals are to determine the interpersonal characteristics of the text and to link them to the ideologies that they can realize. The clause's mood structure is the means by which the fundamental differences are realized at the lexicogrammatical level within the contextual register variable of Tenor. Specifically, participants in an interaction encode their perception (or at least their ostensible perception) of both their relationships with others and the social and situational sense in which the interaction takes place through choices of mood elements such as topic and finite. There is a close complementarily between mood and modality and it is for this reason that the two systems have been analyzed together. Finally, the findings relate to the overall meaning-making and ideology-conveying resources of the text as a whole. The selected webnews consist in a set of texts. They were English articles with the general purpose to observe how Indonesian was portrayed in the BBC International Website or by the world.</em></p> 2020-09-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 On Morphological Analysis of Spatial Deixis in Mǝriaq-mǝriqu Dialect of Sasak Language 2020-09-23T07:21:38+00:00 Sutarman Sutarman Martin L. Manda Hamzah A. Machmoed <p><em>This paper concentrates on the spatial deixis and its morphological structures in Mǝriaq-mǝriqu dialect of Sasak language. It includes in a typological study with qualitative method. This research employs two forms of data; primary data and secondary data. The primary data include the information obtained from the informants from every dialect. Secondary data are the data obtained from any documents of Sasak language such as folklore. There are two methods of data collection; field linguistic method and library method. Of the two methods, there are two techniques used in collecting data: Observation and interview. The results of this study accommodated all types of demonstratives by Diessel (1999) and Dixon (1988) and discover some new types contributing to the theory. The types of spatial deixis in this dialect are pronominal, adnominal, quantifier, intensifier, identificational, adverbial, verbal, and referential. In term of morphological structure, the demonstrative in this dialect is constructed of some affixes and the combination of two or more spatial deixis. Nominal demonstrative usually becomes stem of other demonstratives. Quantifier is constructed of prefix ‘se-‘plus manner demonstrative adverb(MDA). Intensifier is constructed of prefix ‘s-‘ plus pronominal, LDA is constructed of prefix ‘n-‘ plus pronominal for proximal, MDA is constructed of prefix ‘mer-‘ and ‘m-‘ plus pronominals, verbal demonstrative is constructed of confix ‘pe-q’ plus MDA, Referential demonstrative is constructed of MDA plus suffix ‘-q’.</em></p> 2020-09-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Shifting Among The Noble Teenagers of Mambalan Village Gunung Sari 2020-09-22T04:10:08+00:00 Zainudin Abdussamad Abdussamad Hamzah A. Machmoed Abidin Pammu Harlina Sahib <p><em>This study aims to reveal the phenomenon of language shift among the noble teenagers of mambalan Village. Research has been carried out with the noble teenagers as the participants of this research. To improve understanding of the complexity of this research, this research used descriptive qualitative method by using some tools in collecting the data such as, questionnaires, interview, data recording, note taking and observation. After obtaining the data, the data analyzed by Gathering and understanding data transcription carefully, coding the data transcription word per word and displaying the words into the relevant conversation. The study found that there is language shift occurred among the noble teenagers of mambalan village. The finding is strengthened by vocabularies and sentences which shifted from high Sasak language to low Sasak language.</em></p> 2020-09-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Skills Acquired during Teacher Training Programs (B.Ed & M.Ed) and Skills Required in Actual Classroom 2020-08-02T08:58:18+00:00 zain ul abdin <p dir="ltr">The aim of this study was to explore the differences between the skills developed in teacher training programs and the skills used in the classrooms. The population of this study was 937 Head Masters BPS-17 selected through IBA Sukkur. These Head Masters were selected for primary and Elementary schools by the government of Sindh. Data was collected from the participants through simple random sampling. The sample size for this study was 187 IBA Head Masters all over the Sindh. The questionnaire was used as a research tool to get the responses from IBA selected Head Masters about their teachers who are teaching in their schools. Data was analyzed through descriptive statistics. Participants’ responses were analyzed through percentage, mean, and standard deviation. The mean score shows that the majority of teachers don’t have planning (M= 2.31), presentation (M=2.29), and management skills (2.34). The mean score of command over the subject factor is (M= 2.02), appropriate teaching methodologies factor (M= 2.28) and evaluation skills factor (M= 2.22) shows that majority of teachers don’t have command over the subject and they do not use appropriate and modern teaching methodologies. Furthermore, teachers do not have evaluation skills to measure the students learning objectives and to know the students' strengths and weaknesses. It was concluded that whatever teachers learned in the professional trainings do not use those skills in the classrooms because most teachers are not interested in teacher training programs.</p> 2020-09-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Using Alternative Assessment to Assess Undergraduate EFL Students at Yemeni Universities: Challenges from the Perspectives of Faculty 2020-08-15T06:50:26+00:00 Marwan Saeed Saif Moqbel <p class="ParaAttribute7"><em>The present study aimed at investigating alternative assessment (AA) within the Yemeni university EFL classrooms in terms of identifying the challenges of using AA to assess undergraduate EFL students from the perspectives of the faculty. Data were collected, </em><em>through a questionnaire,</em><em> from (66) lecturers and professors of different ranks who teach EFL at the collegiate level in two Yemeni public universities and one national university. The results of the study indicated that faculty members of English departments at Yemeni universities face some challenges of using AA to assess undergraduate EFL students. These challenges belong to various factors, including the instructional environment, the students, the management of Yemeni universities, the faculty members, or the nature of AA. Statistically significant differences were found in the mean scores according to years of experience variable between respondents with less than 5 years and those with 5-10 years of experience in favor of those with less than 5 years of experience, but not according to the type of university, gender, and specialization variables. Accordingly, some recommendations were given to address the identified challenges, which might lead to a better implementation of AA in Yemeni university EFL classrooms.</em></p> 2020-09-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Unrecorded Idiomatic Expressions of Sikka Krowe Dialect In Flores Island East-Nusa Tenggara 2020-06-27T23:40:26+00:00 Darmawan Labira Maria Nelciana Mua Koban Rikardus Nasa <p><em>The aim of this study is to identify types of idioms found in </em><em>Sikka Krowe dialect in Nita sub district of Sikka regency</em><em>. The data were taken through interviews and observations. Qualitative method was used in analyzing the data. As the result, the type of Idiomatic expressions was found. Those idiomatic expressions are divided into two types; they are classified b</em><em>ase on the closeness of the elements</em><em> and b</em><em>ase on the elements of formulation</em><em>. There are </em><em>9</em><em> full idioms and </em><em>6</em><em> partial idioms in </em><em>the closeness of the elements</em><em> classification and </em><em>10</em> <em>idiom</em><em>s</em><em> with part of body</em><em>: </em><em>4</em> <em>idiom</em><em>s</em><em> with the word senses</em><em>, 2 idioms with c</em><em>olor</em><em>; 1 i</em><em>diom with the names of object name</em><em>; </em><em>4</em><em> i</em><em>diom with animal name</em><em>; 1 i</em><em>diom with lant parts</em><em>, </em><em>2</em> <em>Idiom numeralia</em><em>,</em> <em>1 </em><em>idiom of verba</em><em>, 1</em><em> idiom of nouns</em><em>, 1 </em><em>idiom of adjectives</em><em>. </em><em> </em><em>Meanwhile, the meaning of idiomatic expressions was based on the context of the dialogues and the narratives in </em><em>Sikka Krowe dialect in Nita sub district of Sikka regency.</em></p> 2020-09-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Ideological Dimension in Bunga’ lalang : An Anthropological Linguistic Study 2020-09-26T16:42:28+00:00 Magfirah Thayyib Burhanuddin Arafah Martin L. Manda Fathu Rahman <p><em>This research aims to reveal the ideological dimension of bunga’ lalang &nbsp;tradition through the analysis of its two rituals namely mappammula ta’pa and mappammula mantanang. Bunga’ lalang &nbsp;is an agricultural tradition which exists in Luwu society, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. It refers to the series of rituals done by a bunga’ lalang &nbsp;(path opener) in every rice farming stage. This research employed descriptive qualitative method. The primary data were obtained through observation and interview while the secondary data were obtained through documentation. The data were analyzed using the combined/reviewed steps in ideological dimension analysis of social semiotics and dialectical ecolinguistics. There are several ideological dimensions in bunga’ lalang &nbsp;tradition through the analysis of two ritual discourses namely mappammula ta’pa and mappammula mantanang. The ideological dimensions revealed are classified into cognitive system, cultural assumption/belief, and mental/psychological system. All reflected the ideology of Luwu people/society in which bunga’ lalang &nbsp;tradition exists. </em></p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Analysis of Differences in the Use of Verb Synonyms in Indonesian Language 2020-08-21T05:27:32+00:00 Raviqa Raviqa <p><em>This study aims to analyze the differences in the use of verb synonyms in Indonesian language. Data are verbs and their synonym members, which are collected using observation and note-taking techniques. Data were analyzed using substitution and descriptive methods. The results showed that the distribution analysis provided two possible characteristics. The first possibility consisted of a number of verbs which have the possibility to distribute in parallel with all members of the synonym and the second possibility was the verbs that could not substitute one another (complementarily distributed) with all members of the synonym.</em></p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities