ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish <p>ELS-JISH (E-ISSN: <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1524056217" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2621-0835</a> | P-ISSN: <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1524580924" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2621-0843</a>) is a journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities: Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture, a scholarly peer-reviewed international scientific journal published quartely by the <strong>Faculty of Cultural Sciences Hasanuddin University</strong>, focusing on theories, methods, and materials in Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture (study and research). It provides a high profile, leading edge forum for academics, professionals, educators, consultants, practitioners and postgraduate students in the field of English Language Studies (ELS) to contribute and disseminate innovative new work on the disciplines. JISH was started in 2017 and first published in 2018. It invites original, previously unpublished, research and survey articles, plus research-in-progress reports and short research notes, on both practical and theoretical aspects of Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture.</p> Hasanuddin University en-US ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities 2621-0843 Nature in Some Selected Poems of Keats and Al-Shabbi https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/31076 <p><em>This study is a novel attempt to examine the theme of nature in the poetry of John Keats and Abu Al-Qasim Al-Shabbi since nature is of great importance in Romantic poetry whether Arabic or English. The objective of the present study is to investigate the concept of nature in some selected poems by Keats and Al-Shabbi. The study has proposed that there is a relationship between nature in Arabic poetry and English poetry since Al-Shabbi was influenced by English romantics like Wordsworth, Shelley and Keats through some translations of their poetry. Keats and Al-Shabbi are celebrated poets in English and Arabic Romantic literature. Although they died young at 25 and had only a few years of experience with poetry, they wrote the most beautiful poems that revealed their poetic abilities which were sufficient to rank them among the greatest poets. The study has adopted the qualitative, analytical and comparative approach. The study concluded that there is a similarity between Al-Shabbi and Keats because they belong to the same poetic trend. For Keats, the natural world represents an ideal environment and a source of beauty and truth. For Al-Shabbi, nature represents the spiritual unity between man and nature and a refuge from the cruelty of the city and the anxieties of life</em><em>.</em><em> Both Keats and Al-Shabbi found a solace in nature due to their identical suffering; Keats of physical illness of TB and Al-Shabbi of heart disease. Accordingly, they escaped to nature to forget their worries.</em></p> Yazid Meftah Ali Wahas Ahmed Taher Abdu Nagi Copyright (c) 2024 Yazid Meftah Ali Wahas, Ahmed Taher Abdu Nagi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-01 2024-03-01 7 1 1 16 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.31076 Errors in English Descriptive Text Produced by High School Students in Manado https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/32782 <p><em>Studying errors in English as a foreign language is crucial for both teachers and learners. This study aims to identify and analyze the types of errors in writing descriptive texts produced by students at SMA N 8 Manado, with a focus on determining the most prevalent types. This qualitative study employs the classification error theory based on Dulay et al. (1982), namely, the surface strategy taxonomy, omission, misordering, addition, and misformation. The students in SMA N 8 Manado, as the sample of this study, were asked to write a paragraph about their goals. The results of this study showed the percentage of errors made by students in writing descriptive text, which are, omission error (25,23%), error of misordering (7,47%), error of addition (10,28%), and error of misformation (57,94). This study also found other errors that are produced by some students that are not included in the classification of errors by Dulay et al (1982), they are errors in punctuation and capitalization.</em></p> Meily Ivane Esther Neman Virginia Sabatini Kamuh Copyright (c) 2024 Meily Neman, Virginia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-01 2024-03-01 7 1 17 21 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.32782 An Ambition to Redeem His Guilts of Amir in Khalid Hosseini’s “The Kite Runner” https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/32794 <p><em>This study not only investigates the concept of ambition in literature but also underscores its transformative impact on human existence. By adopting a descriptive qualitative approach and drawing data from the characters' dialogues in "The Kite Runner," the research unveils the nuanced dynamics of ambition and guilt redemption. Amir, a central character in the novel, emerges as a dynamic individual, navigating through a complex terrain of personal growth and evolving aspirations. His struggles and shifts in personality are intricately woven into the narrative, highlighting the profound influence of ambition on the human psyche.</em><em> </em><em>Furthermore, the study sheds light on the intricate interplay between Amir's sense of guilt and his subsequent ambitions. It becomes evident that his guilt serves as a catalyst for a series of ambitious pursuits aimed at redemption. This intricate web of emotions and aspirations not only propels the narrative forward but also unveils the profound ways in which literature can mirror and dissect the human experience. The findings contribute to a deeper understanding of the intricate relationship between ambition and the moral dimensions of human existence, offering insights into the transformative power of aspirations in navigating the complexities of guilt and redemption in literary contexts.</em></p> Ahmat Jaelani Copyright (c) 2024 Ahmat Jaelani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-02 2024-03-02 7 1 22 31 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.32794 The Use of English Language Learning Strategies in learning as Foreign Language https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/32847 <p><em>The purpose of this quantitative descriptive study is to identify the English language learning strategies employed by university students in North Sulawesi. It also explains the ways in which male and female students approach learning English differently, as well as the kinds of strategies that they most frequently employ. The survey included 91 students enrolled in a Business English course during the second semester of 2020/2021. The SILL questionnaire, with 50 items over six categories, namely, cognitive, metacognitive, affective, memory, and social strategies, was the instrument utilized in this investigation. The findings indicate that when learning English, students in Business English classes mostly employ Cognitive, Compensatory, and Metacognitive strategies. Based on gender, male students tended to employ cognitive strategies, while female students tended to use metacognitive strategies. This study is significant for the English teachers, students, and the school to inform them about the learning strategies that they usually use in learning English.</em></p> Daniel Semuel Warouw Meily Ivane Esther Neman Copyright (c) 2024 Daniel Semuel Warouw, Meily Ivane Esther Neman https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-02 2024-03-02 7 1 32 42 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.32847 Prohibited Speech Acts in Indonesian Bugis Makassar Dialect for Students of the Department of Indonesian Literature, Hasanuddin University https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/33071 <p><em>This research aims to describe the speaking strategies of Indonesian Literature Department students, and to analyze prohibited speech acts in Indonesian Bugis Makassar dialect for students. This research is a quantitative descriptive research with pragmatic studies. The data source in this research is students from the Department of Indonesian Literature, Hasanuddin University, from the Bugis-Makassar tribe. Data was obtained through distributing questionnaires to respondents. The research results show that the speaker/partner is older and more familiar. The most widely used strategies are STT, SKN, SSS, SKP. The speakers/interlocutors are older and less familiar, SKN, STT, SSS, and SKP. Younger and more familiar speakers, STT, SKN, SSS, and SKP. Younger and less familiar speakers, STT, SKN, SSS, SKP. If the speakers are the same age and are not familiar, STT, SSS, SKN, and SKP and if the speakers are the same age and are not familiar, STT, SKN, SSS, SKP. However, the strategy of younger and unfamiliar partners and speakers of the same age who are not familiar are still considered impolite or low in politeness, resulting in a shift in norms because the strategy most often used by teenagers in expressing something is the strategy of being frank without further ado so that the speaker loses face and this makes his politeness low.</em></p> Andi Meirling Copyright (c) 2024 Andi Meirling https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-04 2024-03-04 7 1 43 51 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.33071 Conflict Marriage Between Sayyid and Non Sayyid in Takalar Regency https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/32799 <p><em>The purpose of this research is to gain further insight into the marriage experiences of Sayyid women in Cikoang Village, Takalar Regency, South Sulawesi. Using qualitative research methods such as observation, interviews, and documentation, the research project investigates the backgrounds of Sayyid women who marry non-Sayyid men and assesses the consequent effect on familial connections within the system of marriage of other descendants in Cikoang Village, Takalar Regency. The main objectives of this study are twofold: first, to explain the history of Sayyid women, and second, to examine the effects of family disputes on the system of marriage among Sayyid descendants in Cikoang Village, Takalar Regency. The Sayyid community's complex concerns, which cause family conflicts, vary and are intertwined with both internal familial regulations and larger cultural standards. Typically, disputes within the Sayyid community arise when women choose to marry outside their clan, pick partners who are not of Sayyid heritage, and eventually decide to leave or disassociate themselves from their family.</em></p> Nurindah Arwani Tuti Bahfiarti Muhammad Farid Copyright (c) 2024 Nurindah Arwani, Tuti Bahfiarti, Muhammad Farid https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 7 1 52 59 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.32799 The Reception Analysis in Ernest Hemingway’s Hills Like White Elephants https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/32795 <p><em>This study is aimed to know the reader response toward “Hills Like White Elephants” by Ernest Hemingway. To limit the scope of the study, the analysis focused on reader’s response consist of intellectual aspect and emotional aspect and also moral value toward this short story. The readers are 20 students from English Department, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Hasanuddin University. The method used is descriptive quantitative. Readers are given the opportunity to read Ernest’s short story, then answer a questionnaire consisting of agree and disagree question about the idea and emotions after reading the story itself. There are 20 respondents from English Department students, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Hasanuddin University. The results of this study indicate that, in responding to Hills Like White Elephants short stories, readers can respond from two aspects namely, intellectual and emotional aspect, each of which consists of five aspects. Reader's response to short stories has differences both in terms of intellectual and emotional. The most positive response in intellectual are languange 90%, and the most negative response in intellectual aspect are theme 45%. In the other hand the most positive response in emotional aspect are emotion 75% and interest 75%. There are some moral value describes by readers including, thinking before acting, loving yourself, respecting others, life is a choice, a mother's love for all time, and honesty. </em></p> Andi Sarwindah Abidin Pammu Andi Inayah Soraya Copyright (c) 2024 Andi Sarwindah, Abidin Pammu, Andi Inayah Soraya https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-06 2024-03-06 7 1 60 71 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.32795 An Analysis of Buginese Students in Pronouncing English Consonants: A Case Study at English Department Hasanuddin University https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/32994 <p><em>The aims of this study are: (1) to identify kind of English consonants that are pronounced improperly by Buginese students, and (2) to find out the factors that cause Buginese students in pronouncing English consonants improperly. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative method. This research is carried out on the Buginese students of English Department of Hasanuddin University batch 2016. The data is obtained by conducting pronunciation test and giving questionnaires. The data is analyzed by identifying the problematic consonants and revealing the factors that caused Buginese students pronounce English consonants improperly. The findings show that the troubled English consonants tend to come from the presence of consonants in English which are not exist in Buginese language such as /θ/, /ð/, /ʃ/, and /tʃ/, the difficulty in distinguishing voiced and voiceless consonants as in /v/ and /z/ sound, and the difficulties related to substitution, omission, and insertion of consonants found in past participle and in plural form. Meanwhile, the causes of the pronunciation problems by Buginese students consist of three causes, namely: the influenced of their mother tongue (Buginese), the period when they start to learn English, and lack of motivation and efforts to make their pronunciation better.</em></p> Anggi Anggraeni Kamsinah Kamsinah Sukmawaty Sukmawaty Copyright (c) 2024 Anggi Anggraeni, Kamsinah Kamsinah, Sukmawaty Sukmawaty https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-06 2024-03-06 7 1 72 91 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.32994 Problems in Writing Explanation Text Faced by Third Grade Students of SMAN 1 Barabai https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/32832 <p><em>Writing is one of the skills that must be mastered in learning English. The students are likely having difficulty in writing explanation text. Explanation text is important to explore in order to know student’s ability to write nonfictional paragraph. Related to this matter, the purpose of this research is to analyze and describe the students' problems in writing explanation text at SMAN 1 Barabai in third grade. This research is conducted by using questionnaire for students, interview for the teacher and document analysis from student's explanation text writing as supporting instrument to collect data. The results for questionnaire and documents that researcher collected is the researcher found the students have linguistic problem and cognitive problem. Align with another research that explained students’ difficulties in writing explanation text, the results were students’ difficulties in Grammar, Vocabulary, Mechanic, Organization, and Idea or Content. Therefore, the researcher suggests the students need to develop their vocabulary and literacy in order to develop their ability in writing English.</em></p> Assifa Yasmin Amini Copyright (c) 2024 Assifa Yasmin Amini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-07 2024-03-07 7 1 92 99 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.32832 Students’ Perceptions of The Use Of Total Physical Response (TPR) Method in Teaching Vocabulary in British English School Makassar https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/32801 <p><em>The Total Physical Response (TPR) method is a teaching strategy that helps children learn the </em><em>names of body parts through movement and rhythm.The purpose of this study is to find out the students’ perceptions of the Total Physical Response (TPR) method of teaching vocabulary at British English School Makassar. The sample for the study included 28 junior students from British English School Makassar. A quantitative study design was employed to collect data relating to the perceptions of the pupils. The questionnaire functioned as the research instrument to help achieve the study’s objectives. The questionnaire was created using the questionnaire that Lin, Chan, and Hasio (2011) used to assess how EFL students felt about learning vocabulary in a computer-supported collaborative environment. A descriptive statistic was employed to analyze the data obtained from the surveys. There were two steps to the data analysis technique. First, the researcher assessed the students’ perceptions using a Likert scale. Second, converted the perception data from the students into a percentage analysis. Subsequently, the researcher employed the students’ statement category to interpret the students’ perspectives. The results verify that 23 or 82.14% of students gave very positive responses, and 5 or 17.86% of students gave positive responses. It revealed that using the Total Physical Response (TPR) method has helped pupils learn language more effectively because the positive environment in the classroom allowed students to enjoy the learning process.</em></p> Bunga Tunru Abidin Pammu Nasmilah Nasmilah Copyright (c) 2024 Bunga Tunru, Abidin Pammu, Nasmilah Nasmilah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-07 2024-03-07 7 1 100 108 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.32801 Online Language Teaching: A Bibliometric Analysis https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/32472 <p><em>For decades, researchers have been researching online education. Numerous scholarly works have concentrated on online teaching and learning theories, as well as quality online learning and online course design assessment criteria. This is a bibliometric analysis. Online Language Teaching is the keyword is considered for the analysis. Publications taken from the Scopus database from 2006 to 2022. Only the English language articles are selected. The final database comprises 74 articles in this area of research. The objectives of the study are: (1) To examine the trend of publications related to “Online Language Teaching”; (2) To examine the highly cited authors related to “Online Language Teaching”; (3) To examine the highly cited sources related to “Online Language Teaching”; (4) To examine the highly cited countries related to “Online Language Teaching”; (5) To examine the frequently used keywords related to “Online Language Teaching”; (6) To recommend future research opportunities related to “Online Language Teaching”.</em></p> Lakshani Ranasinghe Anuradha Iddagoda Hiranya Dissanayake Copyright (c) 2024 Lakshani Ranasinghe, Anuradha Iddagoda, Hiranya Dissanayake https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-08 2024-03-08 7 1 109 117 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.32472 An Analysis of Register Used by Online Shop Seller on TikTok Live https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/33033 <p><em>Online shopping </em><em>has become one of the inevitable things in human activities because of its effectiveness</em><em>. </em><em>Online shopping makes it easy for buyers to make transactions anytime and anywhere. </em><em>Online shopping </em><em>also </em><em>supports sellers’ marketing activities because it becomes more effective even without a physical store. TikTok is one of several online platforms where people can do online shopping. With a large number of online shop owners using the TikTok platform,</em><em> language variation will emerge</em><em>.</em><em> This study focuses on registers used in live streaming on TikTok, and there is not much research that examines this online platform. This study is expected can enrich and develop knowledge regarding registers used in online platforms. </em><em>Register is the language of a person or group shares, interests, occupation, or language used in certain situations related to the group. There are five types of registers which are frozen or oratorical, formal or deliberative, consultative, casual, and intimate. This study uses qualitative research with the source of data from two online sellers who are doing a live to sell their product. The data used are utterances produced by those two online sellers. The result shows that there are three types</em><em> of registers</em><em> used in TikTok Live and two others are not.</em></p> Erica Amalia Putri Copyright (c) 2024 Erica Amalia Putri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-09 2024-03-09 7 1 118 123 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.33033 Escapism in Eugene O’Neill’s Long day's Journey into Night https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/33077 <p><em>Long day's Journey into Night (Pulitzer Prize 1957) was Eugene O’Neill’s greatest autobiographical play in which he skillfully conveys through the members of his family a painful realistic portrait that reveals the strained familial relationships he experienced with his family during his youth. The play represents a day in the life of the Tyrones, which begins at 8:30 in the morning on James Tyrone's (the father) farm in August 1912 and ends in the last hours of the same day. It is a metaphorical, psychological, gradual, desperate journey that all the Tyrones take into the night (towards their personal problems) to explore the uttermost depth of familial relationship through their mutual accusations and blaming each other until they are separated by the darkness of their problems which isolate them from each other urging them to escape from their miserable and tragic reality by taking drugs, drinking and prostitutes</em><em>.</em><em> </em><em>Escapism is one of the main themes of the play that is seen and justified by the depression, hostility and tension experienced by the four characters of the Tyrones family. They are unable to face their life's problems and they only get blame and mutual accusations from each other without the expected family attention and sympathy among them</em><em>.</em><em> </em><em>The paper is an attempt to investigate the different motivations of the Tyrones for escaping from their bitter reality and the means used to do so.</em></p> Safaa Haqi Ismaiel Zeena Salim Hammoudi Susan Raheem Rahman Jaf Copyright (c) 2024 Safaa Haqi Ismaiel, Zeena Salim Hammoudi, Susan Raheem Rahman Jaf https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-02 2024-03-02 7 1 124 133 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.33077 Gender Equality in Schools: Providing Gender Equality Learning Environment https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/33217 <p><em>Gender equality implementation in education aspect in Indonesia is still far from the ideal criteria. One of the reasons is affected by the patriarchal culture that constructs society’s perspective. The Indonesian government has conducted many studies on gender to promote gender equity and inclusion in Indonesia. As a result, the Minister of Education issued regulation No.84/2008 concerning guidelines for the implementation of gender in education. However, access to education, quality education, and the level of participation of women still lack (Lestariyana, et al., 2020; Lestyoningsih, 2020; Mustofa, et al., 2021; Natasha, 2013; Suwarno, et al., 2021; Tyarakanita, et al., 2021). Thus, it is necessary to conduct a comprehensive literature review to illustrate the implementation of gender equality in schools to promote awareness. Through qualitative descriptive study, a variety of publications and journal articles were analyzed. The literature review was divided into three sections, involving the portrayal of gender equality in Indonesia, gender bias in education, and implementation of gender equality in school. The study concludes some aspects that should be implemented to create a gender-responsive school environment and raise the awareness of the students, including the development of curriculum, learning methods, teacher development, and continuous assessment. Developing all these aspects periodically means breaking down the “traditional” cultural concept of gender, which certain genders sometimes excluded. Development needs to be done to ensure the school promotes and facilitates gender equality.</em></p> Pebrina Nurwahyuningsih Nurianti Nurianti Nurlinda Nurlinda Copyright (c) 2024 Pebrina Nurwahyuningsih, Nurianti Nurianti, Nurlinda Nurlinda https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-13 2024-03-13 7 1 134 140 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.33217 Parents’ and Teachers’ Views on Academic Performance among Multilingual Young Learners https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/31487 <p><em>This research focuses on young learners with multi-language ability, Indonesian &amp; English, in its implementation at both school and home. This study examined how young students can speak Indonesian and English fluently as well as how it affects their academic performance at school. The main sources of information in this study were parents and teachers. Data were collected from 1 tuition center and 1 elementary school in Manado. The data included questionnaire, interview notes from both parents and teachers, along with researcher’s observation notes. Academic performance of students is measured based on semester report from schools and quarterly report from tutoring consisting of 3 subjects, English, Science, and math. Those subjects selected are considered as preeminent subject by teachers and parents. The research results factors supporting young learners be able to speak more than one language and how multilingualism affects the academic performance of young learners at school on those 3 selected subjects.</em></p> Muh. Hasan Basri Copyright (c) 2024 Muh. Hasan Basri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 7 1 141 146 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.31487 Nigerian Poetry: A Systemic Functional Approach https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/32583 <p><em>Within the vast landscape of Nigerian literature, evolving into three principal literary genres, the critical study of poetry has been somewhat neglected, especially when contrasted with the substantial analysis devoted to drama and novels. This is partially attributed to the language used in poetry, its nature which is steep in semantic indirection and its method of pedagogy which often problematizes its appreciation. This study contributes to the study of poetry by exploring Nigerian poetry within the tenets of M.A.K. Halliday's Systemic Functional Linguistic, and qualitative and descriptive design. The analysis focuses on a selected corpus of written Nigerian poetry in the English language, by Wole Soyinka, Christopher Okigbo, Tanure Ojaide, Odia Ofeimun, Psalms Chinaka, and Obari Gomba, which spans the oeuvres of three distinct generations and serve as exemplars of their respective generations. The study provides valuable insights into the significance of language, the evolution of Nigerian poetry, and its styles and functions. It is supported by tangible examples that showcase various elements, such as cohesion, deviation, and code-mixing. It offers a crucial understanding that the use of English in Nigerian poetry is not just a colonial legacy. It is a choice shaped by postcolonial reality. Its deployment is not incidental but a deliberate act of appropriation, protest, and a call for change. This is by the amplification of the voices of marginalized groups within Nigerian society such that language as a socio-semiotic system is deployed to tackle multifaceted issues that plague Nigerian society. The study submits that there is a nuanced tapestry of ideological and stylistic dialogue that connects and differentiates the first, second, and third generations of Nigerian poets. This intergenerational dialogue highlights a continuum of thematic and aesthetic concerns, with notable shifts reflecting the evolving socio-political landscape of Nigeria.</em></p> <p> </p> Okwudiri Anasiudu Copyright (c) 2024 Okwudiri Anasiudu https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-16 2024-03-16 7 1 147 159 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.32583 An Analysis of Word Formation Processes Found in TikTok Application https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/33150 <p><em>This research explores the process of words formation and its impact on the part of speech of words in data words formation processes. This research used descriptive qualitative data, by using observation and capturing the data. Data source in this study is TikTok of Charli Grace D’Amelio. The data in this research are taken from the captions, hastags, and comments or words that consist of morphological process in TikTok of Charli Grace D’Amelio. The researcher used the theory of Delahunty and Garvey (2010) and Plag (2003) which divides word formation into 8 types these are compounding, abbreviation, blending, affixation, coinage, conversion, acronyms, and borrowing. The result of the data showed that the researcher found 11 words formation of compounding, 7 words formation of abbreviation, 2 words formation of blending, 8 words formation of affixation, 7 words formation of coinage, 8 words formation of conversion, 16 words formation of acronyms, and 2 words formation of borrowing. The data findins and analysis from Charli Grace D’Amelio TikTok page indicate a predominant use of acronyms in word formation processes. The researcher presumed that the implementation of word formation by the users of TikTok inform that sometimes they wrote something inappropriate way such as acronym. They wrote them in lowercase other than to be written in uppercase. TikTokers tend to ignore the rule of word formation. It can be concluded that the aim of different types of word formation processes assisted people to understand the function of each word formation processes in order to avoid mistake in their writing. People have to use types of word formation processes which depend on their functions.</em></p> Iffah Al Hikmah Hamzah Machmoed Harlinah Sahib Copyright (c) 2024 Iffah Al Hikmah, Hamzah Machmoed, Harlinah Sahib https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-19 2024-03-19 7 1 160 169 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.33150 Unveiling Political Persuasion: Speech Acts in the 2024 Indonesian Presidential Candidates' Speech Texts https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/34225 <p><em>This research aims to describe the forms of persuasion and types of political propaganda carried out by the three Candidates for President of the Republic of Indonesia in 2024. This type of research is a theoretical and methodological approach by analyzing words, phrases, clauses and sentences containing persuasive speech acts in the text speeches by three Indonesian Presidential Candidates in 2024. The sampling technique in this research was based on predetermined criteria. The results </em><em>of this research </em><em>obtained the use of imperative sentences by presidential candidates are more about requests, prohibitions and omissions. This shows that the presidential candidate is a speaker who positions himself lower than his speech partner (audience). For this reason, the Presidential Candidate in his speeches always asks and hopes for the people to be accepted and accepted in society. Meanwhile, the political propaganda carried out by the presidential candidates is based on the vision and mission in their speeches. They asked and expected the people to accept and follow what was in the contents of their speech. The presidential candidates' speeches are political propaganda speeches that can be combined with a vision and mission and then carried out persuasively.</em></p> Somadi Sosrohadi Muhammad Syukri Andri Arismanto Sosrohadi Copyright (c) 2024 Somadi Sosrohadi, Muhammad Syukri, Andri Arismanto Sosrohadi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-25 2024-03-25 7 1 170 179 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.34225 The Preservation of Bugis Language in Sinjai City: A Sociolinguistic Perspective https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/34115 <p><em>The Bugis language, belonging to the Austronesian family, serves as a crucial element of cultural identity and heritage for the Bugis ethnic group in Indonesia, particularly in Sinjai City. However, like many indigenous languages, Bugis faces challenges in preservation due to socio-cultural factors. This research delves into preservation efforts and sociolinguistic dynamics surrounding the Bugis language since 2000, aiming to provide insights for stakeholders. Drawing on qualitative methods, including semi-structured interviews and ethnographic observations, this study aims to explore the motivations driving preservation efforts, investigate the role of education, examine socio-cultural factors influencing language use, and assess the effectiveness of existing preservation strategies. Findings reveal that cultural identity maintenance, intergenerational transmission, and the desire to safeguard linguistic diversity are primary motivations. Education emerges as pivotal, though hindered by the dominance of Bahasa Indonesia and limited institutional support. Socio-cultural factors like urbanization, migration, media influence, and linguistic stigma further challenge preservation. Strengths of current strategies include community engagement and cultural affirmation, while limitations include lack of support and linguistic stigma. Recommendations for augmenting preservation efforts include advocating for policy reforms, community empowerment, digital resources, and promoting multilingualism. Ultimately, preserving the Bugis language entails a holistic approach that honors cultural diversity and empowers the Bugis community.</em></p> Nurhadi Hamka Nurul Imansari La Ode Achmad Suherman Copyright (c) 2024 Nurhadi Hamka, Nurul Imansari, La Ode Achmad Suherman https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-26 2024-03-26 7 1 180 185 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.34115 Exploring Literary Psychology: Unveiling the Archetypes of Secondary Characters in Tere Liye's Novel 'Hujan' https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/34238 <p><em>In literature, characters often reflect real-life individuals, sometimes resembling people known to the author. Likewise, literary settings may mirror real-world environments, creating a sense of familiarity and authenticity within the narrative. The inclusion of authentic elements, particularly genuine human characters, in literary compositions renders them subjects for psychological examination. Such works serve as psychological reflections of the author while also exerting psychological influence on the reader. For instance, the novel "Hujan" recounts the life journey of a young girl named Lail. In accordance with the title of the novel, every important moment that occurs in Lail always has an atmosphere or connection to rain. Lail as the main character in this novel has a fairly ordinary character with a personality type like that of young girls in general. This research aims to describe the structure of the novel "Hujan" by Tere Liye and describe the archetype of the character Lail based on Jung's analytical psychology theory using qualitative descriptive research methods. The data collection techniques used in this research are reading, listening and note-taking techniques. This research produces the structure of the novel "Hujan" by Tere Liye in the form of intrinsic elements of the novel in the form of; 1) theme; 2) plot; 3) characterization; 4) background; and 5) point of view. Apart from that, this research also produces elements of the archetype of the character Lail in the novel "Hujan" by Tere Liye in the form of persona, shadow, animus, and self.</em></p> Arju Susanto Mohammad Darwis Lana Nadia Kurnia Rachmawati Nisrina Rona Nabilah Copyright (c) 2024 Arju Susanto, Mohammad Darwis, Lana Nadia, Kurnia Rachmawati, Nisrina Rona Nabilah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-27 2024-03-27 7 1 186 197 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.34238 Transformation of Indigenous Traditions into Islamic Culture: An Examination of Sompa and Mahr in Pau-Paunna Sitti Rabiyatul Awaliya Manuscript https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/34190 <p><em>The current paper is dedicated to examining the traditional and Islamic dowry (sompa plus panai and mahr) in modern Bugis society. Nowadays, it is interesting to discuss the dowry as perceived by modern Bugis society as an expensive obligation. It is also relevant to investigate the dowry and how it is negotiated in Bugis society. For the researchers to find the answers, reading the classical Islamic text of Pau-Paunna Sitti Rabiyatul Awaliya was applied in the research as well as observing the Bugis society. Finally, the researchers found that the dowry (Sompa) in Bugis tradition has been regarded as an expensive payment and therefore needs to be negotiated accordingly. It is found in the classical text entitled </em><em>Pau-Paunna Sitti Rabiyatul Awaliya </em><em>(PPSRA) that Sitti gave her sompa free and changed the sompa to mahr in the form of mastery of knowledge. However, most of the Bugis women could not understand the implied message, so they still adhered to the sompa plus panai’ tradition. The implication of the study is to provide a reference by dowry fighters so that Bugis women are brave to move from sompa tradition to mahr without panai’.</em></p> Mustari Mustari Jarot Wahyudi Habib Habib Copyright (c) 2024 Mustari Mustari, Jarot Wahyudi, Habib Habib https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-27 2024-03-27 7 1 198 208 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.34190 The Influence of Cultural Acculturation on the Communication Behavior of the Bugis Community in Boroko Utara Village, Bolaang Mongondow Utara Regency https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/34381 <p><em>This study aims to determine the influence of cultural acculturation on the communication behavior of the Bugis community in Boroko Utara Village. The research design employed in this study is quantitative, utilizing a survey method. There were 42 samples in this research. The data analysis method used simple regression analysis. The study's results indicate that cultural acculturation significantly influences the communication behavior of the Bugis community in Boroko Utara Village, with a coefficient of 0.626 or 62.6%. This is attributed to the Bugis community's long-term adaptation. For instance, the Bugis community has embraced the customs and traditions of the Boroko Utara Village community. Additionally, factors such as rapid speech delivery, adaptability, self-confidence, and historical relationships have contributed to the Bugis community's integration into the Boroko Utara Village community. The greater similarity between Bugis and Boroko Utara Village cultures, which constitute their new environment, facilitates and accelerates cultural acculturation, consequently affecting changes in their communication behavior.</em></p> Minarni Tolapa Copyright (c) 2024 Minarni Tolapa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-04-01 2024-04-01 7 1 209 214 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.34381 Solipsism: Understanding Japanese Culture Through the Novel "Namaku Hiroko" by N.H. DINI (A Critical Students Discussion Perspective) https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/34418 <p><em>The aim of this research is to reveal the concept of solipsism in understanding Japanese culture in the novel Namaku Hiroko by N.H. Dini. This research raises three main problems, namely; Japanese culture, the author's perspective, and the manifestation of solipsism in literary works. The aim of this research was formulated to find out; 1) the author's perspective on solipsism in Japanese culture, and 2) the form of solipsism itself in literary works. Of course the literary work referred to here is the novel Namaku Hiroko by N.H. Dini. The theory of solipsism is used to understand the experience of the novel writer Namaku Hiroko in understanding culture, including the concepts and perspectives of Japanese culture as depicted in the work of N.H. Dini. Qualitative research methods with a phenomenological approach are used in this research to describe everything related to Japanese culture based on a critical student discussion. This study found that the principle of solipsism exists in Japanese culture as outlined by NH. Dini in Namaku Hiroko.</em></p> Tetet Sulastri Lukman Hakim Copyright (c) 2024 Tetet Sulastri, Lukman Hakim https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-04-03 2024-04-03 7 1 215 227 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.34418 Machine Learning Meets Pedagogy: ChatGPT's Transformative Potential in Higher Education Learning Spaces https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/32779 <p><em>In an era marked by rapid technological advancements intersecting with educational practices, the current inquiry focuses on the transformative potential of machine learning models, specifically ChatGPT, within higher education learning environments. Central to the discourse is the question: To what extent can ChatGPT function as a transformative tool in these educational spaces? While existing literature ventures into the capabilities of ChatGPT for simplistic tasks such as text generation, a comprehensive argumentative review that scrutinises its pedagogical applications remains conspicuously absent. This lacuna in academic scholarship necessitates the present study, which employs a multidisciplinary framework incorporating active learning theories, blended pedagogical models, and critical pedagogy. Through a meticulous dissection of empirical evidence, the investigation reveals ChatGPT's potential to enhance student engagement, enriching the curriculum and posing new ethical considerations. Significance emanates from the nuanced understanding and critical appraisal of ChatGPT's role, limitations, and ethical dilemmas in higher education, thereby contributing to a burgeoning field at the intersection of machine learning and pedagogy.</em></p> FX. Risang Baskara Copyright (c) 2024 FX. Risang Baskara https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-04-15 2024-04-15 7 1 228 237 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.32779 The Analysis of Main Characters in Michel Gondry’S Movie Eternal Sunshine of Spotless Mind ( 2004 ): Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalysis Approach https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/34228 <p><em>This research is entitled about analysis of main characters in Eternal sunshine of the spotless mind movie by Michel Gondry and uses Sigmund freud’s psychoanalysis approach. This research aims to analyze the personality dynamic and how they solve their problem with using the defense mechanism by Sigmund freud’s psychoanalysis in main characters. The results show that there are life instincts and death instincts (personality dynamic) that exist in the main characters. In this study, the main characters have changed in feelings that exist in him or her commonly referred to the psychoanalysis theory is the life instinct (Joy, motivating people to create and maintain new life, positive emotions such as love and affection) and the death instinct (Fear, anxiety or instincts that lead to not wants someone to live). In this movie, most of the death instincts that occur in the Joel and Clem as main characters. This movie also explains about 2 people who fall in love and have different characters and at the end of the story they want to forget all the memories in their brains and souls by using a tool called mapping (a tool that is placed in a person's head to erase the memories in their brain). The main character uses the defense mechanism of repression. In other words, repression is a defense mechanism that a person uses to forget or eliminate various thoughts that exist in their soul.</em></p> Mardasari Mardasari M Amir P. Harlina Sahib Copyright (c) 2024 Mardasari Mardasari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-04-18 2024-04-18 7 1 238 247 10.34050/elsjish.v7i1.34228