ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish <p>ELS-JISH (E-ISSN: <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1524056217" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2621-0835</a> | P-ISSN: <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1524580924" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2621-0843</a>) is a journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities: Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture, a scholarly peer-reviewed international scientific journal published quartely by the <strong>Faculty of Cultural Sciences Hasanuddin University</strong>, focusing on theories, methods, and materials in Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture (study and research). It provides a high profile, leading edge forum for academics, professionals, educators, consultants, practitioners and postgraduate students in the field of English Language Studies (ELS) to contribute and disseminate innovative new work on the disciplines. JISH was started in 2017 and first published in 2018. It invites original, previously unpublished, research and survey articles, plus research-in-progress reports and short research notes, on both practical and theoretical aspects of Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture.</p> Hasanuddin University en-US ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities 2621-0843 E-Learning: Online Teaching Experiences of Higher Education Teachers in India During the Covid19 Pandemic https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/20298 <p><em>The COVID19 pandemic has compelled teachers to convert their physical classes to online instruction within a brief </em><em>time-frame</em><em>. The study’s purpose is to investigate higher education teachers' perceptions and experiences of their online teaching after months of online instruction during the outbreak of pandemic situations and to examine the challenges faced by the teachers in adapting to the online teaching-learning process during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study employs a mixed-method approach to collect data. This method includes both quantitative and qualitative approaches to broaden the scope and intensity of the research. A survey has been conducted and a questionnaire is framed and has been disseminated among higher education teachers across colleges, universities of Tamilnadu and Karnataka. Overall, 194 respondents participated in the survey to express their views and experiences. </em><em>T</em><em>he survey provided quantitative data, whil</em><em>e</em><em> open-ended questions in the questionnaire offered qualitative insights.</em><em> </em><em>The findings illuminate two primary challenges</em><em>:</em><em> the teachers' experiences with online teaching during the Covid-19, as well as their lack of knowledge in the online teaching and learning mode—</em><em>in the survey, the quantitative data analysis </em><em>highlight two issues: internet connectivity and self-inspection or monitoring. </em><em>On the other hand, open-ended questions in the questionnaire offered qualitative insights on </em><em> their perceptions and experiences regarding the easiness and benefit of technology utilization, the usefulness of technology, and also the support they experienced during the transition. </em><em>the research recommends incorporating specific features into the Learning Management System (LMS)</em><em>. The research proposes blended or hybrid learning should be implemented because e-learning requires a significant amount of self-study or conscience; teachers should develop and provide high-quality e-resources to students, with an in-depth focus on conundrum during online interactive classrooms.</em></p> Devaki Copyright (c) 2023 Devaki https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-01 2023-12-01 6 4 646 657 10.34050/elsjish.v6i4.20298 Onomatopoeia Variation Among Cultures: An Exploration in Selected Children’s Story Books https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/31437 <p><em>This research is about onomatopoeia in children's books in each country, the differences in the use of onomatopoeia in children's books from various countries also reflect the rich linguistic and cultural diversity throughout the world. The sounds perceived and expressed by children from various cultures reflect the unique ways of the societies in perceiving and interacting with the world around it. This research aimed to reveal onomatopoeia in children's storybooks, and analyze how onomatopoeia is used in storybooks from different cultures among countries in different continents. This research used a qualitative descriptive method. The results of this research revealed the types of onomatopoeia in children's storybooks in different countries and how it occured, as well as providing insight into linguistic and cultural diversity in children's literature around the world and how it reflects children's unique views and interactions surrounding environment.</em></p> Syahruni Junaid Ahmad Muzzammil Aan Mujizat Citra Andini Copyright (c) 2023 Syahruni Junaid, Ahmad Muzzammil, Aan Mujizat, Citra Andini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-01 2023-12-01 6 4 658 664 10.34050/elsjish.v6i4.31437 Impacts of the English Language Acquisition on Language Learners’ Culture and Identity: The Iranian EFL Contexts https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/30989 <p><em>Researchers and sociolinguists report that culture and language are inextricably intertwined by highlighting “language is culture and culture is language”, they believe that language is a crucial tool for individuals to maintain their culture and identity. Due to several functions of the English language in different sectors such as education, communication, and business, the number of language learners willing to learn this language is growing. As a result, numerous concerns have been raised in the field of sociolinguistics towards the acquisition of this language. Sociolinguists have been worried about some major effects of the English language acquisition on language learners’ mother-tongue, culture, and identity. They report that English as a major language influences many minor languages and changes the language learners' culture and identity negatively. This article aims to review various literature in order to identify some of the impacts of the English language learning which can have influential roles on the Iranian EFL learners’ culture and identity in language centers and universities</em><em>.</em></p> Sadegh Rahimi Pordanjani Copyright (c) 2023 Sadegh Rahimi Pordanjani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-02 2023-12-02 6 4 665 670 10.34050/elsjish.v6i4.30989 Gender Representation in EFL/ESL Textbooks in Indonesia: A Literature Review https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/31780 <p><em>Gender studies on language education have been a concerning topic among scholars. It has been encouraged through some interest in international organizations and Indonesia's government regulation on gender equality. However, few studies have investigated the review of gender representation in English textbooks in Indonesia. To fill this gap, the present study aims to review and discuss the studies of gender representation in learning materials, mainly English textbooks in Indonesia, and the possible future direction of the studies related to be conducted. The study was conducted through the literature analysis that was published within the last five years. The literature analysis involved gender representation in English textbooks in Indonesia, both junior and senior high school level textbooks. The first part of the paper presents an illustration of gender history in Indonesia. The second part discusses the current studies of gender representation in English textbooks in Indonesia. The third part attempts to explain the possible future of the studies related to be conducted. The study concludes that textbook plays an important role as a media that constructs both students' and teachers' perspectives on gender value and awareness in society and culture. Suggestions for further studies are made to bring other directions in conducting gender studies in English textbooks in Indonesia.</em></p> Pebrina Nurwahyuningsih Nurianti Nurianti Nurlinda Nurlinda Copyright (c) 2023 Pebrina Nurwahyuningsih, Nurianti Nurianti, Nurlinda Nurlinda https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-04 2023-12-04 6 4 671 675 10.34050/elsjish.v6i4.31780 Student's Perspective on Pronunciation Using YouTube during Covid-19 Pandemic https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/31268 <p><em>Pronunciation is one of the English language components that play an important role in creating effective communication. The symbol of sounds is expressed by the arrangement of words (vocabulary) and structures of the sentence (grammar). Besides, pronunciation stands up as an aspect of setting the system of sounds so that the production of vocabulary and grammar are used correctly in oral communication. This study discusses students’ perspectives on the pronunciation of using YouTube during the COVID-19 pandemic. The type of research is descriptive quantitative research. The population in this study was fifth-semester English education students at A class Cokroaminoto Palopo University. The data collection techniques used questionnaire distribution by Google form. The purpose of this study was to determine students’ perspectives of the learning process in phonetics and phonology courses by using YouTube as the learning media. The results of this research indicate that students’ perspectives on pronunciation using YouTube during the COVID-19 pandemic were positive responses. It is supported by students‟ answers where the average percentage of strongly agree in positive response is 34% and agree in positive response is 50%.</em></p> Sita Larasati Abidin Pammu Nasmilah Nasmilah Copyright (c) 2023 Sita Larasati, Abidin Pammu, Nasmilah Nasmilah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-05 2023-12-05 6 4 676 688 10.34050/elsjish.v6i4.31268 Harmony at Sea: A Study of Fishermen's Community Solidarity in Lala Village, Buru Regency https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/28710 <p><em>In the fishing community, social solidarity is a fundamental aspect of daily life, fostering deep social interactions among members. This qualitative and descriptive study examines the manifestations of social solidarity within the fishermen's activities. Data collection techniques include observation, interviews, and documentation, with research informants selected through purposive sampling. Analysis involves data reduction, presentation, and verification.</em><em> </em><em>The findings reveal two forms of solidarity: (1) Cooperative solidarity, evident during fishing trips, and (2) collaborative solidarity, observed during activities such as boat repairs, net mending, coastal area cleaning, and providing assistance at sea. This research sheds light on the importance of social solidarity in enhancing the efficiency and well-being of the fishing community</em><em>. In addition to highlighting the diverse forms of solidarity within the fishing community, this research offers valuable insights for policymakers, community leaders, and fisheries management. Understanding the dynamics of social solidarity among fishermen can lead to more effective support and resource allocation.</em></p> Radi Udin Alfian Sangaji M. Rusdi M. Rusdi Adriani Galry Adoniram Tobondo Ismail Ismail Randi Randi Copyright (c) 2023 mrusdi, Radi Udin Alfian Sangaji; Adriani Galry Adoniram Tobondo; Ismail; Randi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-06 2023-12-06 6 4 689 694 10.34050/elsjish.v6i4.28710 The Impact of Tourism Development on the Socio-Economic Conditions of the Jikumerasa Village Community, Buru Regency https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/31066 <p><em>Tourism development, when unplanned, it can exert a range of socio-economic impacts, primarily stemming from the divergence in cultural perspectives between tourists and local residents. This research delves into the consequences of tourism development on the socio-economic fabric of the Baikolet beach community and strives to identify the key drivers behind these impacts. This research emplyed descriptive qualitative method, it employed purposive sampling to select informants, and gathered data through a combination of observation, interviews, and documentation. Data analysis encompassed data reduction, presentation, verification, and the formulation of data-driven conclusions.</em><em> </em><em>This research reveals that tourism development carries both positive and negative repercussions for the community. On the positive side, it contributes to increased public awareness, fosters social interaction, generates employment opportunities, and augments community income. However, there are also negative outcomes, such as social transformations that influence and erode local culture, as well as environmental pollution. These impacts are attributed to several factors, including the community's aspiration to enhance their economic well-being, the resultant social and cultural shifts, and the level of awareness among both tourists and local residents.</em></p> M. Rusdi M. Rusdi Radi Udin Alfian Sangaji Ismail Ismail Muhammad Yahya Rosmawati Taherong Copyright (c) 2023 M. Rusdi M. Rusdi, Radi Udin Alfian Sangaji, Ismail, Muhammad Yahya, Rosmawati Taherong https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-07 2023-12-07 6 4 695 699 10.34050/elsjish.v6i4.31066 Implementation of ChatGPT on English Class Essay Writing Skills in University Students https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/31424 <p><em>ChatGPT was widely discussed in the news when it first appeared. In several aspects, this technology is considered to have a large negative impact and has the potential to minimize human narrative abilities. The positive impact that leads to collaboration between human thought and technology, especially in the case of ChatGPT, is that humans and technology can collaborate and create more innovative impacts. This </em><em>research was created to answer the need for technological developments </em><em>by using</em><em> Artificial Intelligence in learning, especially essay writing skills for students through the application of ChatGPT. The subjects of this research were 13 fourth semester students of the English Language Education Study Program at Muhammadiyah University of Parepare. </em><em>The researcher used quantitative descriptive methods to compare the students' results before and after the essay writing learning treatment by giving a pre-test and post-test.</em><em> </em><em>After being given treatment, students' achievement in writing increased during the post-test. It is 2 students (15%) were in the excellent category, 11 students (85%) were classified as good, then none of them were classified as fair, and poor also has zero. This shows that their attention to improving their writing has occurred. The research concluded that the application of ChatGPT to essay writing skills in English classes for higher students is applicable and brings significant benefits.</em></p> Wahyuddin Hasman Hasman Andini Ramadhani Idris Copyright (c) 2023 Wahyuddin, Hasman Hasman, Andini Ramadhani Idris https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-08 2023-12-08 6 4 700 707 10.34050/elsjish.v6i4.31424 Enhancing Family Welfare: Women Vegetable Traders' Contribution at Namlea Market in Buru Regency https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/30679 <p><em>The aim of this research is to describe the efforts of female vegetable vendors in the Namlea market to improve their family's well-being and to identify the inhibiting factors affecting these efforts. The research methodology employed is qualitative description, with data collection techniques including observation, interviews, and documentation. The research findings indicate that female vegetable vendors make various efforts to enhance their family's well-being, such as establishing food stalls, selling cendol, adding vending stalls, marketing staple foods, and offering sewing services. However, the improvement of the family's well-being is hindered by factors such as limited educational attainment, which restricts their skills, limited business capital, and a shortage of human resources within the family. This understanding holds significant implications for endeavors to enhance the economic conditions of families in the Namlea market.</em></p> Adriani Galry Adoniram Tobondo Copyright (c) 2023 Adriani Galry Adoniram Tobondo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-09 2023-12-09 6 4 708 712 10.34050/elsjish.v6i4.30679 Factors that Affect the Improvement of Students’ Speaking Skills through Group Discussion Technique: A Case Study at Vocational High School 5 Gowa https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/31970 <p><em>The present study aimed to investigate the factors that affected the improvement of students’ speaking skills through group discussion technique at Vocational High School 5 Gowa. To carry out the phenomena, this study employed a descriptive qualitative methodology. The data were collected by using semi-structured interviews to obtain the deepest data about the factors that affected the improvement of students’ speaking skills through discussion technique at Vocational High School 5 Gowa. The populations were all classes in second grade, and then the samples were two classes that were chosen deliberately or purposively through nonprobability sampling. From the two classes, the participants were comprised of twenty (20) students, and each class involved 10 students. To analyze the data, this study used a thematic analysis process to discover the themes or factors that emerged as the data later. The results revealed that there are seven factors as themes appeared in this study, they are cohesiveness, conformity, roles, goals, charismatic leadership, inspiration, and competition and conflict factors. In conclusion, the seven factors assisted the students in improving their speaking skills; such as conveying ideas freely, having good confidence in speaking, and learning to respect other members’ ideas. The finding of this study can encourage English teachers at vocational school to use group discussion technique in their English classes to reach better teaching speaking skills improvement of the students.</em></p> Ananda Rahmadana Abidin Pammu Nasmilah Nasmilah Copyright (c) 2023 Ananda Rahmadana, Abidin Pammu, Nasmilah Nasmilah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-10 2023-12-10 6 4 713 722 10.34050/elsjish.v6i4.31970