ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish <p>ELS-JISH is a journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities: Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture, a scholarly peer-reviewed international scientific journal published quartely by the Faculty of Cultural Sciences Hasanuddin University Publication, focusing on theories, methods, and materials in Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture (study and research). It provides a high profile, leading edge forum for academics, professionals, educators, consultants, practitioners and postgraduate students in the field of English Language Studies (ELS) to contribute and disseminate innovative new work on the disciplines. JISH was started in 2017 and first published in 2018. It invites original, previously unpublished, research and survey articles, plus research-in-progress reports and short research notes, on both practical and theoretical aspects of Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p><a title="Submit Your Paper" href="https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/user/register" target="_self"> <img src="https://journal.unhas.ac.id/public/site/images/budiarman/Submit_Paper3.png" alt="" /></a><a title="Author Guidelines" href="https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/about/submissions#onlineSubmissions" target="_self"><img src="https://journal.unhas.ac.id/public/site/images/budiarman/AG_Untitled-13.png" alt="" /></a><a title="Manuscript Template" href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1sB4tOJOXMmx3r2b_41Lkbf7uYTlqLbhq/view?usp=sharing" target="_self"><img src="https://journal.unhas.ac.id/public/site/images/budiarman/Template_Unsssssssssstitled-133.png" alt="" /></a></p> <p> </p> Hasanuddin University en-US ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities 2621-0843 Familiarizing Students with a Friendly Learning Activity in Enriching English Vocabulary: Memorization Technique https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/24089 <p><em>In learning English</em><em>,</em><em> we must apply </em><em>appropriate </em><em>technique to mastery it. One of the technique used is memorizing vocabulary. The more vocabulary we memorize, the easier it will be for us to use the language in communicating. But not only memorization technique can improve our language learning but there are still many methods that we can use depending on how the learning or learning model is suitable for those learners. But in fact, based on the observations of researchers at SMP Negeri 2 Parepare, researchers found several problems in students' vocabulary mastery. </em><em>One of the problems is the</em><em> students still do not know various kinds of vocabulary such as adjectives, nouns, verbs and adverb, and how to arrange them in a sentence. In this study</em><em>,</em><em> the researcher</em><em>s</em><em> applied a mixed method with a one group class pretest and posttest design. </em><em>T</em><em>he researchers took one class as a sample where the number of students was thirty</em><em> students</em><em>.</em> <em>The results of data analysis showed that the memorization technique provided positive impact</em><em>s</em><em> on students</em><em>’ English vocabulary</em><em>. This is evidenced by the N-Gain test </em><em>that aimed </em><em>to see the effect of the treatment given, showing that there are </em><em>four</em><em> students in the high category, there are nine</em><em>teen</em><em> students in the</em><em> currently/medium</em><em> category, and there are seventeen students in the low category.</em><em> In addition, the most of students responded memorization technique positively. </em><em>It can be said that through the memorization technique, it can improve the vocabulary mastery of students at SMP Negeri 2 Parepare.</em></p> Khadijah Maming Amir Patintingan Sianna Delfiana Copyright (c) 2023 Khadijah Maming, Amir Patintingan, Sianna, Delfiana https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 6 2 201 210 10.34050/elsjish.v6i2.24089 The Quality of Human and Non-Human Relation in Indonesia and England Portrayed in the Selected Picture Books https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/26627 <p><em>This study aims 1) to reveal the similarity of </em><em> The Tooth Fairies and Cleaning Factory</em><em> and </em><em>Kemana Tomat Pergi</em><em> literary works in ecocritical theory and 2) to reveal how useful the selected picture book </em><em>in building children’s awareness of the natural environment</em><em>. </em><em>This study was talking about the identification of </em><em> human</em><em> or non human</em><em>-nature relationship </em><em>and awareness building </em><em>as reflected in the picture books from Indonesia Kemana Tomat Pergi and from England The Tooth Fairies and Cleaning Factory. This study used a descriptive qualitative method</em><em> with </em><em>ecocritical theory, particularly Cheryll Glotfelty's theory and Keraf's supporting theory, to examine how humans and nature </em><em>relationship </em><em>are depicted in </em><em>the </em><em>two picture books</em><em>, moreover, the awareness building</em><em>. The findings of this research indicate that there were two types of relationships between human and nature, consis</em><em>t</em><em> of good and bad relations. </em><em>T</em><em>he </em><em>Indonesian </em><em>picture book focuse</em><em>d</em><em> on the relationship between Kirin and her tomatoes, while the</em><em> England</em><em> picture book focuse</em><em>d</em><em> on the relationship between the little tooth fairy (non-human) and Junior (human) and how humans itself treat nature. Researcher also found </em><em>from</em><em> Indonesian picture books</em><em> that human</em><em> began to have the awareness </em><em>after facing</em><em> struggle </em><em>in</em><em> maintain</em><em>ing</em><em> the balance of nature. </em><em>meanwhile</em><em>, the</em><em> </em><em>England picture book</em><em> showed the </em><em>cause</em><em>s of</em><em> enormous damage </em><em>happened in</em><em> nature. In conclusion, the researcher found that picture books from Indonesia and from England are picture books that are useful in building children’s awareness of the natural environment which is important for life today.</em></p> Syahruni Junaid Ahmad Nurhidayah Aan Mujizat Citra Andini Copyright (c) 2023 Syahruni Junaid, Ahmad, Nurhidayah, Aan Mujizat, Citra Andini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 6 2 211 218 10.34050/elsjish.v6i2.26627 Analysis of Vaccine Hoax Information in Facing the Covid-19 Crisis on Twitter https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/26799 <p><em>Present the new media (internet) as a new challenged in the world of information, especially on hoax information. The increase in hoax messages has also been a challenge in managing the Covid-19 crisis, with social media becoming the new venue for the spread of hoax messages. The objective of the research was to analyze information on the Covid-19 vaccine on Twitter to be more careful in choosing and </em><em>to reveal the </em><em>disseminating information. This research used qualitative content analysis methods according to Philip Mayring and utilized the search engine on Twitter to collect data within a certain time span. The result of this research, found some hoax information on Twitter such as: Sinovac vaccine was haram, vaccine was killed, vaccine was spayed, and vaccines changed human DNA.</em></p> Muh. Syaiful Muh. Akbar Tuti Bahfiarti Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammad Syaiful, Muh. Akbar, Tuti Bahfiarti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 6 2 219 225 10.34050/elsjish.v6i2.26799 Pronunciation Error Made During English Presentation by English Department Students at FKIP UNSULBAR https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/26887 <p><em>Learning a second or foreign language (L2), students ought to be capable in the capabilities. Most of the time, learners of L2 should first learn linguistic competence, which includes knowing how to speak, use words, and grammar. Pronunciation issues, particularly when it comes to articulating diphthong sounds, may be a problem for the majority of undergraduate students. Despite the fact that the lesson was covered in class, some students struggle to pronounce it correctly. The researcher analyzed which pronunciation errors students make when speaking in presentation class, the subsequent research of this study focuses on the analysis of the words that undergraduate students from Universitas Sulawesi Barat pronounce. This study was aimed to examine students' mispronunciation of various English words in recognition of the significance of improving pronunciation. Descriptive methods were used in this study, which took a qualitative approach. The researchers described the outcomes of their data collection using this descriptive approach. Enlightening technique picked by the researcher since this strategy gave a detail image of the individual, the condition of language, side effects or gatherings contemplated. Universitas Sulawesi Barat because the researcher wants to know which pronunciation mistakes students make when speaking in presentation class. English pronunciation errors pronounced by students such as, presentation (/ˌprez.ənˈteɪ.ʃən/), communication (/kəˌmjuː.nəˈkeɪ.ʃən/), made (/meɪd/). Those words have mispronounce that were made by the students. Besides, there were some difficulties that students had. They were Paucity words, a lack of confidence in pronunciation, never practice, lack of English grammar and others.</em></p> <p> </p> Asdar Hustiana Husnul Khatimah Nur Copyright (c) 2023 Asdar, Hustiana, Husnul Khatimah Nur https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 6 2 226 232 10.34050/elsjish.v6i2.26887 An Analysis of Lexical Collocation in King Charles’ Speech https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/26833 <p><em>Collocation is quite common to every native speaker. English language is restricted to collocation. It has set its own patterns that occur in natural way. Collocation takes in the form of lexical combination and grammatical combination. Respecting to King Charles III, he starts to deliver speeches on numerous occasion after becoming new monarch. The usage of collocation might differ widely from deeper meaning and context behind. This qualitative research is designed to analyze lexical collocation that exists in King Charles’ speech. The document obtained from speech text was published by website ‘PBS News Hour’. The research results points out that 15 collocation data were produced by King Charles III in his speech. It clearly reflects how he conveyed some collocation form to exact meaning. Those were accepted in its language system, culture, and real life. This research is expected to bring out the best in foreign students’ language proficiency, understanding other language system and culture differences.</em></p> Siti Rachmi Abdul Hakim Yassi Sukmawaty Copyright (c) 2023 Siti Rachmi, Abdul Hakim Yassi, Sukmawaty https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 6 2 233 236 10.34050/elsjish.v6i2.26833 Evaluation of the Use of Learning Management Systems on Herbal Medicine Topics based on the Level of User Satisfaction and Increased Knowledge https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/26661 <p><em>The learning management system is a platform that helps deliver content online for learning purposes. Not all students can study herbal medicine in the Faculty of Medicine, University of Riau elective block. Thus, LMS as a forum for students to carry out independent learning needs to be evaluated. This study aims to determine the success of the LM S developed on the topic of herbal medicine based on the level of user satisfaction and increased knowledge. The research design was pre-experimental pretest posttest design with sequential explanatory mix-method. Respondents in this study were 2020 class students at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Riau, totaling 87 people using a random sampling technique. Based on the level of user satisfaction with the developed LMS, no users stated that they were very dissatisfied or dissatisfied, while 4 (5%) users stated that they were quite satisfied, 27 (31%) were satisfied, and 56 (64%) were very satisfied.The average pretest score was 41, and the average post-test score was 50. The test results of the difference between pretest</em><em> and post-test values using the Wilcoxon test showed a difference with a sig (2-tailed) of 0.005 (p ≤ 0.05).</em><em> The advantages of LMS are obtained from the aspects of content, accuracy, format, easy of use, and timeliness. Meanwhile, deficiencies found in the timing that the user feels were inconsistent with the amount of material presented. The developed learning management system has been successful and can improve students’ understanding</em><em>.</em></p> Firdaus Zulharman Augyera Reinatasya Seandrio Copyright (c) 2023 Firdaus, Zulharman, Augyera Reinatasya Seandrio https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-06-02 2023-06-02 6 2 237 244 10.34050/elsjish.v6i2.26661 Students Language Performance and TOEFL Preparation Program, Are they connected? https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/23562 <p><em>This study examines and describes the relationship between TOEFL preparation Program and Students; language performance. The study also examines the program's effect on students' TOEFL scores improvement. Using spss v.22 in analyzing the data, the researcher employed three groups of students consisting of 15 students, namely the control group, treatment 1 group, and the treatment two groups. Thus, descriptive statistics present verifiable data in numerical form, which uses statistical procedures to tabulate, describe, reflect, and summarize data properties. The two variables data examined, TOEFL paper-based testing score and FCE Cambridge speaking test score, are the focus of the research, free from context generalization of the phenomenon. The result is presented statistically using quantitative methodology. The control group was not exposed to any treatment, while 1 group was given basic general English lessons, and the treatment 2 group was trained using the specially designed TOEFL preparation course. The study result shows significant effects on the improvement of TOEFL score on the treatment 1 group's pre-test mean, the standard of deviation, and the standard error mean were 350.07, 22.745, and 5.873, respectively. The treatment 2 group's mean, the standard of deviation, and the standard error mean were 355.40, 20.117, and 5.194, respectively, and the treatment 1 group' post-test mean, the standard of deviation, and the standard error mean were 387.27, 35.204, and 9.090, respectively. The treatment 2 group's mean, standard of deviation, and standard error mean were 436.87, 44.912, and 6.925, respectively. However, the study result shows that the correlation p-value = .083 indicates no significant correlation between TOEFL Preparation students' language performance.</em></p> Ermansyah Malik Yen Ai-Chun Chang Te-Sheng Copyright (c) 2023 Ermansyah Malik, Yen Ai-Chun, Chang Te-Sheng https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-06-02 2023-06-02 6 2 245 250 10.34050/elsjish.v6i2.23562 The Effects of The Great Depression Reflected in Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/23147 <p><em>This study focused to analyze the effects of the Great Depression on the main character in Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman, especially on how he tried to survive, whether he succeeded or not, and the effects on his life and family. In analyzing the study, the writers used sociological and historical points of view. The writers also used the qualitative method in analyzing this study. Data were collected by doing library research. The main data were derived from the work, while the supporting data were derived from sources such as English literature journals, e-books, and other sources. The collected data were classified and analyzed before they were presented in an article. The writers used sociological and historical approaches to see the social and historical background of the play. From this study, the writers found out that Willy Loman was affected badly by the Great Depression in which he experienced difficulties both in his career as a salesman and in his life. The Great Depression had been his obstacle in gaining his dream of being a successful salesman; and having a happier, fuller, and richer family. His failure brought a serious effect that he liked to withdraw himself from the real world and lived in his illusion. The worst effect was that he could not face reality and committed suicide.</em></p> Irwan Sumarsono Ima Masofa Abu Fanani Copyright (c) 2023 Irwan Sumarsono, Ima Masofa, Abu Fanani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-06-02 2023-06-02 6 2 251 255 10.34050/elsjish.v6i2.23147 How @catchmeupid Utilizes Code-mixing in Its News Headlines and Headings: Types, Motives, and Identities https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/26608 <p><em>This descriptive qualitative research discusses the relationship between code-mixing written in the selected news headlines and headings; and the identities of the reporter at the Twitter account @catchmeupid. This paper attempts to examine 1) the types and motives of the @catchmeupid reporter in implementing code-mixing and 2) what kinds of identities he wants to portray. The code-mixing is collected with the documentation technique from news about a murder case committed by Ferdy Sambo. The research found 46 instances of 38 headings and 8 headlines from the news. The data were in the form of words, phrases, and sentences. The code-mixing is analyzed by the framework of Muysken for the types, Ritchie and Bhatia’s for the motives, and Fairclough’s text analysis for the identities. The results revealed that the salient processes of code-mixing types are insertion (29 instances) and alternation (17 instances), with no data for congruent lexicalization. The motives for code-mixing are the reporter’s awareness of their target audience, the willingness of the reporter to set an informal interaction with the target audience, the reporter’s emphasis on message-intrinsic considerations by using reiterations, interjections, and an idiom; and the reporter’s positive attitude in using the combination of Indonesian and English language. As for the identities, there are two identities demonstrated by @catchmeupid. Firstly, it is an identity as a news reader. @catchmeupid wants to be identified as the millennial/Z Generation who is familiar with English and as an ordinary citizen who is critical and interested in the settlement of the Ferdy Sambo case. Secondly, the identity as a news reporter who was knowledgeable and persuasive; and had an equal position to the other parties referred to in the news texts. Overall results indicated that the use of code-mixing by @catchmeupid’s reporter was related to the identities they wanted to portray.</em></p> Muflihatunnisa Suray Agung Nugroho Copyright (c) 2023 Muflihatunnisa, Suray Agung Nugroho https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-06-02 2023-06-02 6 2 256 269 10.34050/elsjish.v6i2.26608 Projecting Municipal Theme to Nollywood https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/26597 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><em>This paper addresses the issue of municipal disposal, management, and its effect on Nigerians, and proposes municipal as a theme to Nollywood. The issue of improper solid waste (municipal) disposal and management and its effect on humans and the environment has been a subject of scholarly discussion for a very long time and in world the cinema. In Nigeria, the electronic media especially news bulletins present issues of improper waste disposal and its impact on community dwellers. However, there is yet a full-length feature film in Nigeria that deals primarily with the issue of municipals. Nollywood has over the years treated themes of varied identities such as prostitution, banditry, politics, and communal insecurity. However, it is pertinent to note that the most prominent studies on Nollywood films are on national identity and culture(s). There are nonetheless few studies on the culture of environmentalism or ecocriticism and health and illnesses in Nigerian films. The need for Filmmakers (practitioners) and scholars to do further studies into the field of solid waste identity (municipal) is indeed necessary. Therefore, in this paper, I reviewed materials on municipals, and films that treated issues revolving around municipals (garbage, rubbish, discards, junk) and their implications on humans and the environment in some films.</em></p> Blessing Adjeketa Copyright (c) 2023 Blessing Adjeketa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-06-04 2023-06-04 6 2 270 277 10.34050/elsjish.v6i2.26597 Home in the Poetry of Saudi Arabia Poets: Abdus-Salam Hafeth an Example of a Distinguished Arab (7) https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/22289 <p><em>A poet's ‘homeland’ is the place he associates with his humanity, such as his aspirations, pain, and incantation. The focus of this study is on the Saudi poet, Abdus-Salam Hashem Hafeth, and the concept of home as he depicts it in his poem 'Nostalgia, Oh My Home'. The paper consistently makes an effort to illuminate some literary traits of current Saudi poetry, the theme of national affection, and its connection to classical Arabic. This investigation aims to elucidate some literary facets of contemporary poetry in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.</em><em> </em><em>The issue of ‘homeland’ is given particular attention in the study as a sign of the route that contemporary Saudi poetry is taking. There is a case to be made that Saudi poetry is currently flourishing among Arab writers, critics, and poets. The researcher wants to emphasize the poet's knowledge while also emphasizing his dedication to his vast country, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, by using the poet's wonderful city of Al-Madinah Al Monawarah as a symbol. The researcher, on the other hand, makes an attempt to look at how the poet utilizes the Arabic language in his poem. This study uses the critical-analytical method in assessing Hafeth's poem, 'Nostalgia, Oh My Home,' concentrating on the image of homeland as its major theme as well as the aptitude of the poet in masterfully employing the Arabic language</em><em>. </em><em>The result of the study shows the importance of the concept of homeland in the poetry of Saudi Arabia and the greatness of the Arabic poetic language as a beacon of illumination. By employing the poet's lovely city – Al-Madinah - as a metaphor for his love of his infinite homeland, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, he also hopes to demonstrate the poet's brilliance and ingenuity. After a brief introduction, the study turns to an outline of Saudi poetry and then a concise introduction of the poet Abdus-Salam Hafeth. The study then applies a critical-analytical method to analyze a few lyrical lines from the poem ‘Nostalgia, Oh My Home’, placing a focus on the idea of home as its main theme. The study's succinct conclusion is followed by a few recommendations.</em></p> Yahya Saleh Hasan Dahami Copyright (c) 2023 Yahya Dahami https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-06-05 2023-06-05 6 2 278 287 10.34050/elsjish.v6i2.22289 Hitoshi Imamura’s Concept of the Human as a Meaning-Ascriber: A Lesson to the “Post-Truth” World https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jish/article/view/26749 <p><em>This research note has two objectives. One is to concisely explain a theoretical discourse which the Japanese philosopher Hitoshi Imamura propounds in the first part of his article titled “Studying Economy: Make the Drive for Meaning our Primum Mobile”. The other is, by expanding Imamura’s ideas, to derive insights beneficial to the contemporary era. To achieve them, the discussion </em><em>employs explicative reading as its method and </em><em>develops as follows. After an introduction mentioning a previous study on Imamura’s thought, the first section dissects Imamura’s line of reasoning and demonstrates that Imamura essentially advances the following thesis: A human is a being that is unable to be content with the world as it is and inevitably and constantly looks for a (concealed) meaning. The second section explicates Imamura’s observations which relate to the proposition and whose potentialities Imamura does not fully exploit. Thereupon, it concludes that, by acknowledging that each individual lives in a unique network of meanings but that the meanings are correctable, we can amend the present world some have qualified as “post-truth”</em></p> Naruhiko Mikado Copyright (c) 2023 Naruhiko Mikado https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-06-06 2023-06-06 6 2 288 291 10.34050/elsjish.v6i2.26749