Effectiveness Of WWTP Quality Using Bio Media In Hospital Hikmah, Masamba
AbstractLiquid waste from hospitals contains high enough organic and inorganic compounds, chemical compounds, pathogenic microorganisms, toxic and radioactive chemicals which, if not managed properly, will adversely affect the hospital environment and the community surrounding the hospital. The purpose of this study was to determine the description of the wastewater distribution system, the treatment process and the effectiveness of WWTP in terms of the parameters of pH, Temperature, BOD, COD and Total Coliform. This type of research is observational with a descriptive approach. The sample size is 60 samples with taking points at the inlet and outlet of WWTP Hospital Hikmah Masamba. The frequency of sampling is done twice a day for three days. Sample examination was carried out at the Environmental Engineering and Disease Control Center (BTKLPP) Makassar Class I. Laboratory test results are compared with the Minister of Environment Decree Number 5 of 2014 concerning Waste Water Quality Standards for Businesses and / or Health Service Facilities Activities. The results showed that the distribution of wastewater using a closed, water-resistant piping system flowed smoothly and separated from the rainwater drainage channel. Hospital waste water treatment process. Hikmah Masamba uses the Bio-Media Process system. Results of examination of laboratory wastewater from Hikmah Masamba Hospital at the Outlet level average for pH parameters: 7.21, Temperature: 26.3 oC, BOD5: 26.04 mg / l, COD: 64.23 mg / l, and Total Coliform :> 160,000 colonies / 100 ml. The conclusion of this study for the wastewater distribution process meets the requirements in accordance with Kepmenkes No. 1204 of 2004 concerning the Health requirements of the Hospital, the process of liquid waste treatment is running well and optimally, except for chlorinated tubing that is not functioning. Hospital IPAL is effective in reducing parameters suhu, BOD5 and COD which are indicated by the results of examinations that have met the requirements, but have not been effective in reducing pH and Total Coliform parameters.
Astuti A, Purnama S. Kajian Pengelolaan Limbah di Rumah Sakit Umum Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTB). Community Health. 2014;2(1):12-20.
Kolibu F, Tewal F. Kualitas Limbah Cair Rumah Sakit GMIM Bethesda Tomohon. Jurnal KESMAS. 2012;1(2):6-10.
Kemenkes RI. KMK No. 1204/Menkes/SK/X/2004 ttg Persyaratan Kesehatan Lingkungan RS. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2004.
Wirawan WA, Wirosoedarmo R, Susanawati LD. Pengolahan Limbah Cair Domestik Menggunakantanaman Kayu Apu (Pistia Stratiotes L.) Dengan Teknik Tanam Hidroponik Sistem Dft (Deepflowtechnique). Jurnal Sumber Daya Alam dan Lingkungan. 2014;1(2):63-70.
Permen LH. Permen LH no 15 th 2014 ttg Baku Mutu Air Limbah. 2014.
Setyawan AB, Hartini E. Evaluasi Pengolahan Limbah Cair Rumah Sakit dengan Sistim Bio Natural (Studi Kasus Di RSUD Kelet Jepara). VISIKES: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat. 2012;11(1).