Efek ukuran panjang cangkang terhadap Indeks Kondisi, dan Kandungan Logam Timbel Kerang Hijau (Perna viridis) (Effects of Shell Length on the Condition Index, and Lead Content of Green Mussel (Perna viridis) )


  • Khusnul Yaqin Program Studi Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan Departemen Perikanan Fakultas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar


Condition Index (CI) of mussel is one of parameters used to analysis mussel health.  Interstingly, many researchers produce different CI formula.  This study was conducted to study the most appropriate CI formula to determine the health of green mussel, Perna vidiris. Four hundred of green mussel were colected from pollueted (Makassar) and expected unpolluted (Mandalle, Pangkajene and Kepulauan/Pangkep) areas. Afterward, the mussels were tranfered using cool box to laboratory for further analysis.  Some morphomometry parameters, tissue and shell weigth were measured to fulfil 10 types of CI formula. Lead content of mussel’s tissue was analyzed using AAS (Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry). The result revealed that the use of CI1-6 and 9 were influenced by shell lenght.  In contrast, the use of CI7 and 8 were not affected by shell length. The average of lead content in mussel’s tissue was 7.87 ± 0.53.  This value has exceeded the consumption threshold for shellfish biota.The results suggested that CI 8 is the most practical condition index used for environmental monitoring. Keywords : Valuable Condition Index, Makassar Waters, Toxicity of Lead, Eco-sentinel Organism, green mussel health


Download data is not yet available.


Al-Barwani, S. M., Arshad, A., Amin, S. M. N. Japar, S. B. Siraj, S. S. & Yap, C. K. 2007. Population dynamics of the green mussel Perna viridis from the high spat-fall coastal water of Malacca, Peninsular Malaysia: Fisheries Research. 84 2:147–152, doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2006.10.021.

Alzieu, C. L., Sanjuan, J. Deltreil, J. P. & Borel, M. 1986. Tin contamination in Arcachon Bay: effects on oyster shell anomalies: Marine Pollution Bulletin. 17:11: 494–498.

Axiak, V., Sammut, M., Chircop, P., Vella, A. & Mintoff, B.1995. Laboratory and field investigations on the effects of organotin (tributyltin) on the oyster, Ostrea edulis: Science of the Total Environment. 171(1–3): 117–120.

Beyer, J., Green, N.W. Brooks, S. Allan, I. J. Ruus, A., Gomes T., Bråte, I. L. N., & Schøyen, M. 2017. Blue mussels (Mytilus edulis spp.) as sentinel organisms in coastal pollution monitoring: A review: Marine Environmental Research. 130:338-365.

Bourgoin, B. P. 1990. Mytilus edulis shell as a bioindicator of lead pollution: Considerations on bioavailability and variability: Marine ecology progress series. Oldendorf, v. 61, no. 3, p. 253–262.

Chandurvelan, R., Marsden, I. D. Gaw, S. & Glover, C. N. 2012, Impairment of green-lipped mussel (Perna canaliculus) physiology by waterborne cadmium: Relationship to tissue bioaccumulation and effect of exposure duration: Aquatic Toxicology. 124–125: 114–124, doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2012.07.013.

Cordova, M., Zamani, N. & Yulianda, F. 2011, Heavy metals accumulation and malformation of green mussel (Perna viridis) in Jakarta Bay, Indonesia: International Conference of Agricultural Engineering. 1–6.

Fischer, H., 1983, Shell weight as an independent variable in relation to cadmium content of molluscs.: Marine ecology progress series. Oldendorf. 12 (1): 59–75.

Fischer, H., 1986. Influence of temperature, salinity, and oxygen on the cadmium balance of mussels Mytilus edulis: Marine Ecology Progress Series. 32:265–278.

Lucas, A., & Beninger, P. G. 1985. The use of physiological bivalve aquaculture condition indices in marine bivalve aquaculture: Aquaculture. 44:187–200.

Lundebye, A.-K., Langston, W. J. & Depledge, M. H. 1997. Stress proteins and condition index as biomarkers of tributyltin exposure and effect in mussels: Ecotoxicology. 6:127–136.

Mamon, M. A. C., Añano, J. A. P. Abanador, L. C. Agcaoili, G. J. T. Sagum, C. B. Pagliawan, R. L. H. Tapere, J. M. B. Agravante, J. B. M. Arevalo, J. H. G. & Minalang, A. J. A. 2016. Pollutant exposure in Manila Bay: Effects on the allometry and histological structures of Perna viridis (Linn.): Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction. 5 (3): 240–246.

Page, D. S., Dassanayake, T. M. & Gilfillan, E. S. 1996. Relationship between tissue concentrations of tibutyltin and shell morphology in field populations of Mytilus edulis: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 56 (3); 500–504.

Phelps, H. L., & Page, D. S. 1997. Tributyltin biomonitoring in Portuguese estuaries with the Portuguese oyster (Crassostrea angulata): Environmental Technology. 18(12): 1269–1276.

Putri, L. S. E., Prasetyo, A. D. & Arifin, Z. 2012. Green mussel (Perna viridis L.) as bioindicator of heavy metals pollution at Kamal estuary, Jakarta Bay, Indonesia: Journal of Environmental Research And Development. 6(3): 389–396.

Reimer, O., & Tedengren, M.1996, Phenotypical improvement of morphological defences in the mussel Mytilus edulis induced by exposure to the predator Asterias rubens: Oikos. 75: 383–390.

Rist, S. E., Assidqi, K. Zamani, N. P., Appel, D., Perschke, M., Huhn, M. & Lenz, M. 2016. Suspended micro-sized PVC particles impair the performance and decrease survival in the Asian green mussel Perna viridis: Marine pollution bulletin. 111 (1): 213–220.

Soto, M., Ireland, M. P. & Marigómez, I. 1997. The contribution of metal/shell-weight index in target-tissues to metal body burden in sentinel marine molluscs. 1. Littorina littorea: Science of the total environment. 198 (2): 135–147.

Soto, M., Ireland, M. P. & Marigómez, I. 2000. Changes in mussel biometry on exposure to metals: implications in estimation of metal bioavailability in ‘Mussel-Watch’programmes: Science of the total environment. 247 (2): 175–187.

Tantanasarit, C., S. Babel, A. Englande, J. & Meksumpun, S. 2013. Influence of size and density on filtration rate modeling and nutrient uptake by green mussel (Perna viridis): Marine pollution bulletin. 68 (1–2): 38–45.

Waldock, M. J., Thain, J. E. & Waite, M. E. 1996. An assessment of the value of shell thickening in Crassostrea gigas as an indicator of exposure to tributyltin. in Organotin: Springer, p. 219–237.

Wu, H., and Wang, W. X. 2010. NMR-based metabolomic studies on the toxicological effects of cadmium and copper on green mussels Perna viridis: Aquatic Toxicology. 100 (4): 339–345, doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2010.08.005.

Yap, C. K., Ismail, A. & Tan, S. G. 2002. Condition index of green-lipped mussel Perna viridis (Linnaeus) as a potential physiological indicator of ecotoxicological effects of heavy metals (Cd and Pb): Malaysian Applied Biology. 31: 37–45.

Yap, C. K., Ismail, A. & Tan, S. G. 2003. Effects of Total Soft Tissue and Shell Thickness on the Accumulation of Heavy Metals ( Cd , Cu , Pb , and Zn ) in the Green-Lipped Mussel Perna viridis. 29(5): 323–327, doi:10.1023/A:1026313712052.

Yap, C. K., Ismail, A. & Tan, S. G. 2003. Effect of body size on heavy metal contents and concentrations in green-lipped mussel Perna viridis (Linnaeus) from Malaysian coastal waters: Pertanika Journal Science. &Technology. 17(1): 61–68.

Yap, C. K., Ismail, A., Tan, S. G. & Omar, H. 2002. Occurrence of shell deformities in green-lipped mussel Perna viridis (Linnaeus) collected from Malaysian coastal waters: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 69 (6): 877–884, doi:10.1007/s00128-002-0141-3.

Yap, C. K., Ismail, A., Tan, S. G. & Omar, H. 2003. Accumulation, depuration and distribution of cadmium and zinc in the green- lipped mussel Perna viridis ( Linnaeus ) under laboratory conditions: Hydrobiologia. 498:151–160.

Yap, C. K., Bakhtiari, A. R. & Cheng, W. H. 2017. Impacts of Marine Pollution and Toxicology: A Mussel Watch Experience in Peninsular Malaysi: Journal Aquatic Pollution Toxicology. 1(1):1-4.

Yap, C. K., Ismail, K., & Tan, S. G., 2004, Biomonitoring of Heavy Metals in the West Coastal Waters of Peninsular Malaysia Using the Green-lipped Mussel Perna viridis: Present Status and What Next? Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agriculture Science. 27(2): 151–161.

Yap, C.K., Ismail, A. & Tan, S. G., 2008. Effect of Body Size on Heavy Metal Contents and Concentrations in Green-Lipped Mussel Perna viridis ( Linnaeus ) from Malaysian Coastal Waters: Pertanika Journal of Science and Technology, v. 17, no. September, p. 61–68.

Yaqin, K., 2004, Ada Kerang Abnormal di Teluk Jakarta: Jakarta, p. 4.

Yaqin, K., Lay, B., Riani, E. & Masud, Z. 2011. Hot spot biomonitoring of marine pollution effects using cholinergic and immunity biomarkers of tropical green mussel (Perna viridis) of the Indonesian waters. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences. 3(14):356-366.

Yaqin, K., Fachruddin, L. & Rahim, N. 2015. Studi Kandungan Logam Timbal (Pb) Kerang Hijau,Perna Viridis Terhadap Indeks Kondisinya: Jurnal Lingkungan Indonesia. 3:309–317.

Yaqin, K., Nursyamsiah, M. Umar, L. Fachruddin, and B. Bachtiar, 2014, Apakah variasi ukuran panjang cangkang memengaruhi konsentrasi logam timbal di dalam daging kerang hijau, Perna viridis?, in Prosiding Simposium Nasional I Kelatan dan Perikan. Fakultas Ilmu Kelautandan Perikanan, Universitas Hasanuddin Makasssar: Fakutas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Universitas Hasanuddin, p. 1–13.

Yee-Duarte, J. A., Ceballos-Vázquez, B. P., Shumilin, E., Kidd, K., & Arellano-Martínez, M. (2018). Evidence of health impairment of Megapitaria squalida (Bivalvia: Veneridae) near the “hot spot” of a mining port, Gulf of California. Hidrobiológica. 27(3):391-398.




How to Cite

Yaqin, K. (2018). Efek ukuran panjang cangkang terhadap Indeks Kondisi, dan Kandungan Logam Timbel Kerang Hijau (Perna viridis) (Effects of Shell Length on the Condition Index, and Lead Content of Green Mussel (Perna viridis) ). Jurnal Pengelolaan Perairan, 1(2), 27-40. Retrieved from https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jpp/article/view/5629