• Waode Rustiah Department of Chemistry, Hasanuddin University
  • Alfian Noor Department of Chemistry, Hasanuddin University
  • Maming Gaffar Department of Chemistry, Hasanuddin University
  • Muhammad Lukman Marine Science Department, Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Hasanuddin University



Suspended solids are the main ingredients forming precipitates that can inhibit the ability to form organic compounds in coastal and marine waters. This study aims to determine the concentration of Total Suspended Solid (TSS) in coastal and marine waters of the west coast of South Sulawesi collected in different seasons, namely October 2017 (dry season) and March 2018 (rainy season). TSS concentrations generally higher in the rainy season (34-47 ppm) compared to the dry season (10-25 ppm). On location, higher TSS concentrations were obtained in the Tallo river waters, namely 10–47 ppm (28.9 ± 13.4 ppm) compared to locations in Pangkep river waters 14–43 ppm (27.4 ± 11.2 ppm). The results showed that the Total Suspended Solid (TSS) in marine waters and still comply with the limit values set by the Ministry of Environment (MOE).


Download data is not yet available.


Arsen, A., Cretaux, J.-F., Berge-Nguyen, M., Abarca del Rio, R., 2014. Remote sensing-derived bathymetry of Lake Poopo. Remote Sens. 12 (4): 407-420.

Aufdenkampe, A.K., Mayorga, E., Raymond, P.A., Melack, J.M., Doney, S.C., Alin, S.R., et al., 2011. Riverine coupling of biogeochemical cycles between land, oceans, and atmosphere. Front. Ecol. Environ. 9, 53–60.

Bianchia, T.S., Allison, M.A., 2009. Large-river delta-front estuaries as natural ‘recorders’ of global environmental change. PNAS 106, 8085-8092.

Bilotta, G.S., Brazier, R.E., 2008. Understanding the influence of suspended solids on water quality and aquatic biota. Water Res. 42 (3), 2849-2861.

Cloern, J.E., Foster, S.Q., Kleckner, A.E., 2014. Phytoplankton primary production in the world's estuarine-coastal ecosystems. Biogeosciences 11, 2477-2501.

Doxaran, D., Froidefond, J.M., Castaing, P.., Babin, M., 2009. Dynamics of the turbidity max-imum zone in a macrotidal estuary (the Gironde, France): observations from field and MODIS satellite data. Estuary.coast. shelf Sci. 81, 321-332.

Faburé, J., Dufour, M., Autret, A., Uher, E., Fechner, L.C. (2015). Impact of an urban multimetal contamination gradient: Metal bioaccumulation and tolerance of river biofilms collected in different seasons, Aquatic Toxicology, 159, 276-289.

French, S.K., Ackerman, J.D., 2014. Responses of newly settled juvenile mussels to bed shear stress: implications for dispersal. Freshw. Sci. 33:46-55.

Garcia, M.H. (ED.), 2008. Sedimentatioan engineering: processes, measurements, modelling, and practice. Manual 110. American Society of Civil Engineering (ASCE), USA, 1150 Reston, VA.

Gascho Landis, A.M., Haag, W.R., Stoeckel, J.A., 2013. High suspended solids as a factor in reproductive failure of a freshwater mussel. Freshw. Sci. 32:70-81. 10.1899/12-093.1.

GU, Z., Akahori, R., Ikeda, S., 2011. Study on the transport of suspended sediment in an open channel flow with permeable spur dikes. Int. J. Sediment Res. 26, 96-111.

Hancke, TB, Olsen, LM, Johnsen, G, Glud, RN. Temperature effects on microalgal photosynthesis-light response measured by O2 production, pulse-amplitude modulated fluorescence, and 14C assimilation. Journal of Phycology, 2008, 44: 501-514.

Huang, S.L., Jia, Y., Wang, S.S.Y., 2006. Numerical modelling of suspended sediment transport in channel bends. J. Hydro D., Ser. B. 18, 411-417.

Jha, S.K., Bombardelli, F.A., 2011. Theoretical/numerical model for the transport of non-uniform suspended sediment in open channels. J. Acv. Water Resour. 34, 577-591.

Maher, D.T., Eyre, B.D., 2012. Carbon budget for three autrotrophic Australian estuaries: Implications for global estimates of the coastal air-water CO2 flux. Glob. Biogeochem. Cy 26, GB1032. /2011GB004075.

Nagano, T., Yanase, N., Tsuduki, K., Nagao, S., 2003. Particulate and dissolved elemental loads in the Kuji River related to discharge related to discharge rate. Environment International 28, 649-658.

Nasrabadi, T. (2015) An index approach to metallic pollution in river waters, Int. J. Environ. Res., 9(1):385-394.

Rodrigues, S., Breheret, J.G., Macaire, J.J., Moatar, F., Nistoran, D., Juge, P., 2006. Flow and sediment dynamics in the vegetated secondary channels of an anabranching river: the Loire River (France). Sediment. Geol. 186, 89-109.

Sri Adiyanti., Bradley D. Eyre., Damien T. Maher., Isaac Santos., Lindsay Golsby-Smith., Perrine Mangion., Matthew R. Hipsey., 2016. Stable isotopes reduce uncertainty of an estuarine carbon cycling model. Environmental Modelling & Software 79, 233-255.