The Effect of Age and Duration of Fasting on Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chicken

Authors

  • S. Banong
  • M. R. Hakim

Abstract

The research was conducted to evaluate the effect of age and duration of fasting on performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chicken. One hundred and eight day old chick of broiler Cobb SR 707 were randomly assigned into floor pen (0.5 m x 1.0 m x 0.8 m), in which each pen was filled with four chicks. The experiment was performed in a factorial arrangement (3 x 3) according to completely randomised design with three replication for each treatment combination. The first factor was duration of fasting, i.e. 0 h (control), 2 h (12.00-14.00 p.m.), and 4 h (11.00 a.m to 15.00 p.m). The second factor was the age of chicks when fasting was introduced, i.e. 2, 3 and 4 weeks, respectively. The result of study indicated that fasting program up to 4 h daily begin at 2 weeks of age did not alter broiler performance. Similarly, carcass characteristics, especially carcass percentage, carcass cuts and abdominal fat were not affected by fasting program. Under the research condition, fasting program did not increase the farming efficiency of broiler chicken.

References

Al-Taleb, S.S. 2003. Effect of an early feed restriction productive performance and carcass quality. J. Biol. Sci., 3: 607-611.

Anonim. 2010. Cobb Broiler Management Guide. Cobb-vantress Inc. Arkansas, USA.

Barbut, S. 2002. Poultry Products Processing. An Industry Guide. CRC Press, New York.

Bell, D.D., and W.D. Weaver, Jr. 2002. Commercial Chicken Meat and Egg Production. Fifth Edition. Kluwer Academic Publisher, New York.

Croom, W.J., J. Brake, B.A. Coles, G.B. Havensten, and V.L. Christensen. 1999. Is intestinal absorption capacity rate-limiting for performance in poultry? J. Appl. Poult. Res., 8: 242-252.

Dozier, W.A., R.J. Lien, J.B. Hess, and S.F. Bilgili. 2003. Influence of early skip-a-day feed removal on live performance and carcass yield of broiler of different sexes and strain sources. J. Appl. Poult. Res., 12: 4439-448.

Fontana, E.A., W.D. Weaver, B.A. Watkins, Jr., and D.M. Denbow. 1992. Effect of early feed restriction on growth, feed conversion, and mortality in broiler chicken. Poult. Sci., 71: 1296-1305.

Gaspersz, V. 1991. Metode Perancangan Percobaan. Armico, Bandung.

Hassanabadi, A. and H.N. Moghaddam. 2006. Effect of early feed restriction on performance and serum thyroxin of broiler chicken. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 5(12): 1150-1159.

National Research Council (NRC). 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

Novele, D.J., J.W. Ng’Ambi, D. Norris, and C.A. Mbajiorgu. 2008. Effect of sex, level and period of feed restriction during the starter stage on productivity and carcass characteristics of Ross 308 broiler chickens in South Africa. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 7(6): 530-537.

Plavnik, I. J.P. McMurty, and R.W. Rosebrough. 1986. Effect of early feed restriction in broiler: I. Growth performance and carcass composition. Growth, 50: 768-776.

Rincon, M.U. and S. Leeson. 2002. Quantitative and qualitative feed restriction on growth characteristics of male broiler chicken. Poult. Sci., 81: 679-688.

Sahraei, M. and F. Shariatmadari. 2007. Effect of different of diets dilution during finisher period on broiler chicken performance and carcass characteristics. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 6(4): 280-282.

Wang,W., G.F. Erf, and R.F.Wideman Jr. 2002. Effect of cage vs. floor litter environments on the pulmonary hypertensive response to intravenous endotoxin and on blood-gas values in broilers. Poult. Sci., 81: 1728–1737.

Downloads

Published

2016-07-27

Issue

Section

Articles