The Resistance of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated From the Faeces of Broiler chicken towards the Conditions of the Broiler Digestive Tract
AbstractThis research was conducted to determine the resistance degree of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from the faeces of broilers towards various intestinal conditions, in order to select a lactic acid bacteria to be used as prospective probiotic. Ten types of LAB bacteria (M1, M2, M3, M4, M5, M7, M8, M23 ,M26, and M28) isolated from the faeces of broiler chicken were subjected to pH2, pH3, and pH4; to 3% bile salt and to the temperatures of 30oC, 37oC and 41oC. The results of the research showed that all LAB isolates experienced the highest colony reductions at pH2, which was around 3.2-5.5 log units/ml. The reduction of colony numbers at pH3 was approximately 1.8-3.1 log unit/ml, and the reduction at pH4 was around 1.0 – 2.5 log unit/ml. All the LAB isolates experienced a decrease of 0.5 log unit/ml to 1.6 log unit/ml in colony numbers after bile salt exposure. The reduction of colony numbers of ten LAB isolates at the temperatures of 30oC, 37oC and 41oC was 0.6 - 1.4 log unit/ml ; 0.1 – 0.5 log unit/ml and 0.7 – 1.4 log unit/ml, respectively. None of the ten isolates posses all of the expected characteristic, however based on its more superior ability to block the pathogenic micro-organism as well as its ability to survive in simulated gastro intestinal tract conditions, M1 was selected as prospective probiotic.
Chou, L. S, and B. Weimer. 1999. Isolation and characterization of acid and bile tolerant isolates from strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus. J. Dairy Sci., 62 : 23-31.
Hill, M. J. 1995. Role of Gut Bacteria in Human Toxicology and Pharmacology. Taylor, New York.
Jacobsen, C. N., V. R. Nielsen, A. E. Hayford, P. L. Moller, K. F. Michaelsen, A. P. Erregard, B. Sandstrom, M. Tvede, and M. Jakobsen. 1999. Screening of probiotic activities of forty seven strains of Lactobacillus spp. by in vitro techniques and evaluation of the colonization ability of five selected strains in human. J. App. Environ. Microbiol., 65: 4949-4956.
Mourad, K, and K. N. Eddine. 2006. In vitro preselection criteria for probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum strains of fermented Olives origin. J. Probio. Prebio., 1(1): 27-32.
Mujnisa, A. 2012. Potensi Bakteri Asam Laktat Hasil Isolasi dari Feses Broiler sebagai Imbuhan Pakan terhadap Produktivitas Broiler. Disertasi Program Pascasarjana Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar.
Patterson, J. A. 1992. Encyclopedia of Microbiology. Academic Press, London.
Sjofjan, O. 2003. Kajian Probiotik AB (Aspergillus sp dan Bacillus spp) sebagai Imbuhan Ransum dan Implikasi Efeknya terhadap Mikroflora Usus serta Penampilan Produksi Ayam Petelur. Disertasi Program Pasca Sarjana. Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung.
Venkat, H. K., P. S. Narottam, and K. K. Jain. 2004. Effect of feeding Lactobacillus based probiotics on the gut microflora, growth and survival of postlarvae of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man). Aquac.Res., 35: 501-507.
Zavaglia, A. G., G. Kociubinski., P. Perez, and G. De Antoni. 1998. Isolation and characterization of Bifidobacterium strains for probiotic formulation. J. Food Protect., 61(7):865-873.