Evaluation of Bone Growth of 0-6 Week Old Native Chicken with Different Levels of Dietary Protein and Lysine Supplementation in the Ration

Authors

  • A. Rizkuna
  • U. Atmomarsono
  • D. Sunarti

Abstract

This research aimed to study the effect of protein level and lysine supplementation on bone growth of native chicken by the age of 6 weeks. The materials used were unsexed DOC of native chicken with average body weight 25.2 ± 1.0 g. Research was carried out in 2 x 3 factorial arrangement  according to completely randomized design. There were 4 replications for each treatment combination with 10 chickens for each experimental unit. The treatments  were  P1L1 (17% protein  +  0.6% lysine of the ration ), P1L2 (17% protein + 0.7% lysine of the ration), P1L3 (17% protein + 0.8% lysine of the ration ), P2L1 (14% protein + 0.6% lysine of the ration), P2L2 (14% protein + 0.7% lysine of the ration), P2L3 (14% protein + 0.8% lysine the ration). Treatments were applied  starting from the age of  day 1 to 6 weeks of age. Parameters measured were femur length, femur weight and femur bone strength. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance followed by Duncan’s multiple range test at 5% probability level if there was a significant effect of treatment on the parameters. There was a significant interaction (P <0.05) between the level of protein and lysine supplementation affecting the femur length and femur bone weight, but there was no  interaction (P> 0.05) effects on the femur bone strength. Based on these results, it was concluded that the optimal growth of native chicken bones were obtained from the ration containing  17% protein and 0.8% lysine supplementation.

References

Bangun, G. D. D., L. D. Mahfudz, dan D. Sunarti. 2013. Pengaruh penggunaan tepung rumput laut (Gracilaria verrucosa) dalam ransum ayam broiler terhadap berat dan ukuran tulang tibia dan tarsometatarsus. Anim. Agr. J., 2(1) : 489 – 496.

Carrin, S.V., P. Garnero, and P.D. Delmas. 2006. The role of collagen in bone strength. J. Osteoporos Int., 17: 319–336.

Corzo, A., E. T. Moran, Jr., and D. Hoehler. 2002. Lysine need of heavy broiler males applying the ideal protein concept. Poult. Sci., 81:1863–1868.

Driver, J. P., G. M. Pesti, R. I. Bakalli, and H. M. Edwards, Jr. 2005. Calcium requirements of the modern broiler chicken as influenced by dietary protein and age. Poult. Sci., 84:1629–1639.

Eyre, D. R. and J. J. Wu. 2005. Collagen cross-links. Top. Curr. Chem., 247: 207–229.

Harland, F. B., and D. Oberleas. 2001. Effects of dietary fiber and phytat on the homeostatis and bioavailability of minerals. Di dalam: Spiller dan A Gene, editors. Handbooks of Dietary Fiber in Human Nutrition. 3rd Ed. USA: Library of Congress.

Iskandar, S., Desmayati Z., S. Sastrodihardjo, T. Sartika, P. Setiadi, dan T. Susanti. 1998. Growth response of kampung and pelung cross chickens to diet differed in protein content. JITV, 3(1): 8-14.

Kosnayani, A.S. 2007. Hubungan Asupan Kalsium, Aktivitas Fisik, Paritas, Indeks Massa Tubuh dan Kepadatan Tulang pada Wanita Pascamenopause. Thesis Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro.

Mayes, P. A., D. K. Granner, V. W. Rodwell, dan D.W. Martin. 1987. Biokimia Harper Edisi ke-20. Diterjemahkan oleh Iyan Dermawan. EGC Penerbit Buku Kedokteran, Jakarta.

Nguyen, V. T. and C. Bunchasak. 2005. Effect of dietary protein and energy on growth performance and carcass characteristics of Betong chicken at early growth stage. Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol., 27: 1171-1178.

Odutuga, A. A. and A. A. Amballi. 2007. Effects of lysine and essential fatty acid deficiencies on bone growth and development in the rat. Pak. J. Nut., 6 (3): 234-237.

Prayitno, D. S. 1994. The effects of colour and intensity of light on the behaviour and performance of broilers. University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd, United Kingdom. (Thesis).

Steel, R. G. D, dan J. H. Torrie. 1995. Prinsip dan prosedur statistika suatu pendekatan biometrik. Cetakan keempat. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.

Downloads

Published

2016-07-27

Issue

Section

Articles