PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN TEPUNG KUNYIT DAN BETAIN DALAM RANSUM TERHADAP VILI ILEUM, KECERNAAN PROTEIN DAN IMBANGAN EFISIENSI PROTEIN BABI PERIODE FINISHER (Effect of Dietary Turmeric Powder and Betaine Addition on Ileum Villi, Protein Digestion and Protein Efficiency Ratio of Finisher Pig)

Authors

  • Elnisi Br Mahulae UNIVERSITAS PADJADJARAN
  • Sauland Sinaga UNIVERSITAS PADJADJARAN
  • Denny Rusmana UNIVERSITAS PADJADJARAN

Keywords:

Babi, Kunyit, Betain, Kecernaan, Protein.

Abstract

Betaine and turmeric powder have the benefit of increasing digestibility and metabolism which affects the productivity of pig finisher period. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect and best dosage of betaine addition combined with turmeric powder in feed on ileum villi, protein digestion, and protein efficiency ratio of finisher period pig. The research was conducted experimentally according to a completely randomized design with 4 type of combination treatments of betain and turmeric powder in ration as follow: R0 = Basal feed, R1 = R0 + 0.4% turmeric powder + 0.1% betaine, R2 = R0 + 0.4% turmeric powder + 0.15% betaine, R3 = R0 + 0.4% turmeric powder + 0.2% betaine. Each treatment was repeated five times. The variables observed were ileum villi, protein digestion, and protein efficiency ratio. The results of the research showed that the treatments had a significant effect on the number of ileum villi, protein digestion, protein efficiency ratio, and. The addition of 0.15% betaine combined with 0.4% turmeric powder (R2) in feed showed the best effect on the ileum villi, protein digestion, and protein efficiency ratio of pig finisher period

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

DeRouchey, J., Goodband, B., Tokach, M., Dritz, S. and Nelssen, J. 2009. Digestive System of the Pig: Anatomy and Function Swine Profitability. Proc. of the Swine Profitability Conference 2009, held at Kansas State University.

DeRouchey, J., B. Goodband, M. Tokach, S. Dritz, and J. Nelssen. 2009. Digestive system of the pig: anatomy and function. North Am. Vet. Commun. Conf. pp. 375-376.

Dinata A. A. N. B. S., dan A. Gunawan. 2017. Produktivitas Induk Babi yang diberi Tambahan Tepung Feses Sapi dan Probiotik. Pros. Semnas Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner. pp. 627-634

Gaspersz, V. 2006. Teknik Analisis dalam Penelitian Percobaan. Tarsito, Bandung.

Harms, R. H., and G. B. Russell. 2002. Betain does not improve performance of laying hens when the diet contains adequate choline. J. Poult. Sci., 81: 99-101.

Lang, F. 2007. Mechanisms and significance of cell volume regulation. J. Am. College Nutr., 26(Suppl. 5): 613S–623S.

Martini S. 1998. Pengaruh Pemberian Ransum yang Mengandung Berbagai Jenis Curcuma dan Kombinasinya Sebagai Pakan Aditif terhadap Produksi Karkas serta Komposisi Asam Lemak Karkas pada Kelinci Peranakan New Zealand White. Disertasi. Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung.

Metzler-Zebeli, B. U., M. Eklund and R. Mosenthin. 2009. Impact of osmoregulatory and methyl donor functions of betain on intestinal health and performance in poultry. J. World’s Poult. Sci., 65(3): 419-442.

Nurliana, N., S. Sugito, dan D. Masyitha. 2017. Histomorfometri usus halus broiler yang diberi ampas kedelai dan bungkil inti sawit terfermentasi Aspergillus niger (AKBISprob). Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner, 8-9 Agustus 2017, Bogor. pp. 482-490.

Pratiwi, H. , U. Atmomarsono, dan D. Sunarti. 2017. Effect of feeding with different protein sources on the carcass cut percentage and protein mass of local cross chicken. Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia. 19(1): 23-29.

Prawitasari, R. H., V. D. Y. B. Ismadi, dan I. Estiningdriati. 2012. Kecernaan protein kasar dan serat kasar serta laju digesti pada ayam arab yang diberi ransum dengan berbagai Level Azolla microphylla. J. Anim. Agric., 1(1): 471-483.

Schneider, B. H., and W. P. Flatt. 1975. The Evaluation of Feeds through Digestibility Experiment. The University of Georgia Press, New York. pp. 23-15.

Sinaga, S., dan S. Martini. 2010. Pemberian berbagai dosis curcuminoid pada ransum babi periode starter dan efisiensi ransum. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak. 1(10): 95-101.

Sinaga, S. 2011. Pemberian curcumin dalam ransum babi sebagai pengganti antibiotik sintetis untuk pemacu pertumbuhan. Disertasi. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Wahju, J. 1997. Ilmu Nutrisi Unggas. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Zhai, H., H. Liu, S. Wang, J. Wu, A. M. Kluenter. 2018. Potential of essential oils for poultry and pigs. Anim. Nutr., 4(2): 179-186.

Downloads

Published

2020-07-28

Issue

Section

Articles