Communities Vulnerability Mapping of Spermonde Coral Islands

Authors

  • Rijal M. Idrus Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Dewi Y. Satari Badawing Universitas Hasanuddin
  • I. Irwanto Universitas Hasanuddin

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35911/torani.v4i2.14688

Keywords:

vulnerability indicators and attributes, island environmental condition, socio-economical condition, coral island communities, Spermonde

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to map the vulnerability of communities in seven islands of Spermonde. Vulnerability assessment was conducted in July 2013 using an environmental and socio-economical stand point. Identification of the vulnerability issues were grouped into indicators (climate, island morphological, marine resources and socio-economical changes), with each given a scale of 1-5.and attributes in the form of a semi-structured questioner. To check for the type and severity of a disaster, 62 respondents were asked to rank the disaster on a scale of 1-4. Results indicate that the majority of respondents find that change in climate, island morphology, marine resources and socio-economical conditions hardly affect them. The disaster that they fear the most is the danger of losing their source of income. In terms of vulnerability index,  Bone Tambu and Lumu-Lumu islands are under very high vulnerability for Island and Socio-economic change. In terms of Climate and Marine Resource change, there are no significant differences among the islands. The trends show that these two categories fall under medium to high, with marine resource dynamic change always being higher than the climate change index, except in Kapoposang Island. Overall,  there are no differences between each zonation in vulnerability indexes.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Badan Pusat Statistik Pangkep. 2010. Kabupaten Dalam Angka.

Badawing, Dewi Y.S, D.A. Suriamiharja, Jamaluddin Jompa and Yusran Nur Indar. 2011. Long Term Morphological and Socio-Ecological Dynamics of Spremonde Reef Islands: Management Options. Dissertation Hasanuddin University. Makassar.

Chozin M. 2008. Illegal but Common: Life of Blast Fishermen in the Spermonde Archipelago, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Master Thesis Ohio University. USA.

Hakanson, Lars and Andreas C. Bryhn. 2008. Tools and Criteria for Sustainable Coastal Ecosystem Management. Examples from the Baltic Sea and other Aquatic Systems. Environmental Science and Engineering. Berlin, Springer. Download: www.springer.

Hughes, T.P. and J.H. Connell, 1999. Multiple Stressor on coral reefs: A long term perspectives. Limnol. Oceanogr. 44 (3, part 2), 1999. 932-940. Obtained www.springer. On 07/09/2010.

Jompa, Jamaluddin, Dewi Yanuarita, Magdalena Litaay, Aidah A.A. Husain, Syafyuddin Yusuf. 2006. The Fate of Degraded Coral Reefs under Anthropogenic Pressures in Spermonde Archipelago, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Presented at CZAP, Batam 29 August-2 September 2006.

Jompa, Jamaluddin and Syafyuddin Yusuf. 2010. First Record of Relatively Severe Bleaching in the Spermonde Archipelago, South Sulawesi Indonesia: Potential Consequences and Management Challenges. Presented at International Symposium on Small Islands and Coral Reef in Ambon August 4-5, 2010.

Kangas J, Pesonen M, Kurtila M, Kajanus M. 2001. A’WOT: integrating the AHP with SWOT analysis. Proceedings-6th ISAHP 2001 Berne, Switzerland:18-198.

Kangas J, Kangas K. 2005. Multiple criteria decision support in forest management-the approach, methods applied, and experiences gained. Forest Ecology and Management 207(1-2):133-143.

Moll, Hans. 1983. Zonation and Diversity of Scleractina On Reefs Off S.W. Sulawesi Indonesia. Thesis. Leiden University, Netherland. 106 pp.

Nature Bestari, 2008. Evaluasi Program COREMAP II terhadap Aktivitas Destructive Fishing di Pangkep. Laporan Akhir sebagai kerjasama CV. Nature Bestari dengan RCU COREMAP II Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan.

Pet-Soede C., W.L.T. van Densen, J.S. Pet and M.A.M. Machiels 2001. Impact of Indonesian coral reef fisheries on fish community structure and the resultant catch composition. Fisheries Research 51: 35-51.

Pusat Studi Terumbu Karang (PSTK)/ Center for Coral Reef Research (CCRR) , 2002. Laporan Akhir Penelitian Ekosistem Kepulauan Spermonde. Kerjasama PSTK Unhas dengan PMO-COREMAP.

UNEP and SOPAC. Building Resilience in SIDS: The Environmental Vulnerability Index. www.unep.org. Diunduh pada tanggal 25 Februari 2012.

Yanuarita, Dewi and Muh. Neil, 2005. Utilization of Marine Resources in the Spermonde Archipelago. Joint Research Hasanuddin University and Kyodai University “Natural Resource Management and Socio-Economic Transformation under the Decentralization in Indonesia: Toward Sulawesi Area Studies.

IPCC, 2001 dalam CTI-CFF, 2013. Climate Change Adaptation for Coral Triangle Communities: A Guide for Vulnerability Assessment and Local Early Action Planning (LEAP Guide). www.coraltriangleinitiative.org (diunduh 18 Juni 2013).

Downloads

Published

2021-06-18

How to Cite

Rijal M. Idrus, Dewi Y. Satari Badawing, & I. Irwanto. (2021). Communities Vulnerability Mapping of Spermonde Coral Islands . Torani Journal of Fisheries and Marine Science, 4(2), 125-132. https://doi.org/10.35911/torani.v4i2.14688

Issue

Section

Articles