RASIONALIS DAN RASIONALISME DALAM PERSPEKTIF SEJARAH

Muhammad Bahar Akkase Teng

Abstract


This journal discusses about Rationlists and Rationalism viewed from historical perspective.
Philosiphical thinking of modern age according to wetern version consists of three periods, i.e. ancient
age, middle age, and modern age. Rasionalism is pioneered by Descartes from Paris, so he is called
the Father of Modern Philosophy. The development of science as the characteristics of modern society
is Rationalism. This school prioritizes ratio to reveal truth. The early founder of rationalism is
Heraclitus who believes that ratio is more superior than five senses. The further development
happened from 17th century to 18th century. The appearance of rationalism is the willingness of
rationalists to free themselves from scholastic thinking. The figures of rationalists are Rene Descartes
( 1596-1650 ), Nicholas Malerbranche (1638-1775), Baruch de Spinoza (1632-1677), (G.W. Leibniz
(1646-1716), Christian Wolff (1679-1754), Blaise Pascal (1623-1662).
Key words: rationalism, development, figure, history


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.34050/jib.v4i2%20Desember.2348

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