ANALISIS STRUKTUR AKTANSIAL DAN FUNGSIONAL DALAM VOYAGE AU CENTRE DE LA TERRE KARYA JULES VERNE

Nirwana Nirwana, Ade Yolanda Latjuba, Mardi Adi Armin

Abstract


This paper entitled "Structur actantial and functional analysis in the Voyage au center de la terre of a
work of Jules Verne" which is one part of the thesis of the same title. The work of Verne is a science
fiction novel that tells about the journey of a geologist Professor Lidenbrock with his nephew, Axel and a
hunter whose they hired, Hans Bjelke, to look for the center of the earth. In this study, the selected theory
is from a structuralism of Algidras Julien Greimas which used as a theoretical basis.
A.J.Greimas use actantial structural analysis and functional as the basic concept of his working steps.
According to Greimas, actant is the smallest unit of narrative in the literary. Actants and personages are
not same; an actant may not manifest as a personage, but an abstract concept, a figure not lifeless,
heirloom weapons or the like. In actantial structure, there are some buildings elements such as subject,
object, sender, recipient, opponents, and helpers. Meanwhile, the functional structure is the simplification
of the functions in the story. Those functions comprised the initial situation, transformation, and the final
situation. Transformation is divided into three stages, namely the proficiency test phase, the main phase,
and the phase of glories. From actantial structure which arranged well, can then be determined a theme of
this work.
The results of the analysis, obtained five actantial structural and functional patterns. The five kinds of
patterns starts from Prof. Lidenbrock began his journey looking for the center of the earth, until find the
center of the earth; one of the patterns actantial structure and its functional is presented in this paper. And
of the five patterns it is also successfully determined the main theme of the novel, namely the spirit of
exploration..
Key words : Actansial, Functional, Science-Fiction, Structuralism, A.J. Greimas


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.34050/jib.v3i2%20Des.2430

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