SUMBER DAYA LOKAL SEBAGAI DASAR PERENCANAAN PROGRAM GIZI DAERAH URBAN

Oktia Woro Kasmini H, Bambang Budi Raharjo, Efa Nugroho, Bertakalswa Hermawati

Abstract


Prevalensi gizi lebih dan buruk di Indonesia dan Kota Semarang, meningkat dari tahun 2007 sampai 2013. Program yang ada belum mengoptimalkan potensi yang dipunyai daerah. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menggambarkan sumber daya lokal yang dapat digunakan sebagai dasar perencanaan program gizi untuk daerah urban. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif, dengan fokus penelitian adalah potensi lokal yang terdiri dari unsur modal sosial, sistem sosial, sistem budaya. Penelitian dilakukan di Kota Semarang. Penentuan informan menggunakan teknik purposive dan snow ball. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah panduan observasi,wawancara, Focus Group Discussion dan Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats Analysis. Hasil yang didapat, sumber daya lokal yang dipunyai dalam rangka perencanaan program gizi adalah: 1) adanya citizenship yaitu keaktivan dan
kreativitas kader, social organization terutama dari posyandu didukung dengan rumah gizi, dan sosial support dari keluarga. 2) Potensi lain berkaitan dengan efek dari daerah urban yaitu: (1) Ketersediaan bahan pangan yang mudah didapat, (2) Informasi kaitannya dengan kesehatan dan gizi lebih mudah didapat, dan (3) Tersedianya sarana transportasi dan infra struktur yang memadai. Sumber daya lokal di daerah urban dapat dimanfaatkan untuk perencanaan program gizi sehingga memberi peluang keberhasilan perbaikan status gizi di masyarakat menjadi lebih tinggi.


Keywords


Modal sosial, sistem sosial, daerah urban, program gizi

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30597/mkmi.v13i1.1575

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