HUBUNGAN STATUS GIZI DAN KESEHATAN DENGAN KUALITAS HIDUP LANSIA DI DUA LOKASI BERBEDA

Nursilmi Nursilmi, Clara M. Kusharto, Cesilia Meti Dwiriani

Abstract


Kualitas hidup lansia dipengaruhi oleh status gizi dan penyakit. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi perbedaan karakteristik subjek, status gizi, status kesehatan dan kualitas hidup serta mengkaji hubungan status gizi dan kesehatan dengan kualitas hidup lansia di Desa Ciherang Bogor dan Desa Jambu Bengkulu Tengah, dengan pertimbangan perbedaan etnis dan kebiasaan makan. Penelitian menggunakan desain cross sectional dengan 74 subjek di masing-masing desa. Pengumpulan data karakteristik subjek, status kesehatan, status gizi dan kualitas hidup menggunakan kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan uji mann whitney dan korelasi spearman. Terdapat perbedaan signifikan karakteristik subjek dalam hal status perkawinan, pendidikan, pekerjaan dan status tinggal (p<0,05). Status gizi dan kualitas hidup yang baik pada subjek di Desa Ciherang lebih banyak dibandingkan di Desa Jambu. Terdapat perbedaan signifikan status gizi lansia (p<0,05) dan tidak terdapat perbedaan signifikan status kesehatan lansia (p>0,05). Terdapat hubungan positif pada status gizi dengan kualitas hidup domain kesehatan fisik dan lingkungan, terdapat hubungan positif pada status kesehatan dengan kualitas hidup domain kesehatan fisik dan hubungan sosial (p<0,05). Status gizi berhubungan dengan kualitas hidup domain kesehatan fisik dan lingkungan, sedangkan status kesehatan berhubungan dengan kualitas hidup domain kesehatan fisik dan hubungan sosial.

Keywords


Status gizi, status kesehatan, kualitas hidup, lansia

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30597/mkmi.v13i4.3159

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