PENGARUH KONSELING PADA IBU TERHADAP PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF DAN PERTUMBUHAN BAYI

. Haslinda

Abstract


It has been estimated that exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life could reduce infant mortality rate by a remarkable 13%. Exclusive breastfeeding has been defined as feeding an infant with breast milk only without giving any other foods, not even water. The definition allows for prescribed medicines, immunizations, vitamins and minerals supplements. The risks of not breastfeeding have been highlighted. These include high infant mortality as a result of reduced protection against certain preventable deaths from infectious and possibly also chronic diseases, gastrointestinal infection and delayed recovery from illness. There are many cultural and practical obstacles to the practice of exclusive breastfeeding. Some traditional beliefs, practices and rites encourage use of prelacteal feeds, as well as giving extra water, herbs and "teas" to breastfeeding babies. Lactation counseling was reported to lead to increased exclusive breastfeeding rates using the "previous month" exclusive breastfeeding.

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