Status, Pemberdayaan Perempuan dan Penggunaan Kontrasepsi: Metode Khusus Perempuan Versus Metode Pasangan

Elfrida Zoraya, I. G. A. A Karishma Maharani Raijaya

Abstract


Otonomi perempuan berperan penting dalam perilaku perawatan kesehatan reproduksi dan pemilihan jenis pengobatan yang diinginkan. Peningkatan yang terjadi pada status dan pemberdayaan perempuan diharapkan meningkatkan peran perempuan dalam pengambilan keputusan terkait masalah fertilitas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan antara pengaruh dari faktor sosial ekonomi dan demografi serta status dan pemberdayaan perempuan terhadap pemilihan metode kontrasepsi. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional dan menggunakan data SDKI 2017. Unit analisis yang digunakan adalah wanita yang telah kawin dan sedang menggunakan kontrasepsi, yaitu sebanyak 19159 wanita. Analisis yang digunakan adalah regresi logistik biner. Penggunaan kontrasepsi dikategorikan sebagai metode khusus wanita, atau metode pasangan yang dalam pelaksanaannya memerlukan kesadaran, dukungan dan kerja sama dari pasangan. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa status perempuan memiliki hubungan yang positif dengan pemilihan metode kontrasepsi pasangan, namun tidak semua dimensi pemberdayaan perempuan berpengaruh terhadap pemilihan penggunaan kontrasepsi. Upaya yang perlu dilakukan adalah mempromosikan peran gender dan meningkatkan pengetahuan dengan fokus khusus pada metode kontrasepsi yang efektif.

Keywords


Pemberdayaan perempuan, status, metode kontrasepsi

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30597/mkmi.v16i1.8785

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