BIODIVERSITY OF MARINE TUNICATES IN SAMALONA WATERS, SANGKARANG ARCHIPELAGO, INDONESIA
Keywords:ascidian, chordata, coral reefs, Spermonde
AbstractThe study aims to know the biodiversity and community structure of marine tunicate in Samalona waters. The present study is part of biodiversity assessment for marine resources of Sangkarang Archipelago SW Makassar Indonesia. Field campaign was conducted from October to November 2016. Sample collection was done at 3 and 7 m depth by using Line Intersection Transect (LIT) method combined with a quadrat (plot). Two 50 m transects were placed parallel to a shore line at three stations (sta.) at Samalona waters. A quadrat (plot) (2.5 m x 2.5 m) was placed side by side of the line transect and all tunicates in the transect was recorded, identified, counted and photographed. Samples were collected by using SCUBA and under water camera. Environmental parameters including water temperatue, salinity, dissolved oxygen, clarity, current and wind speed, were measured in situ. Data were analysed using ecological indices including species composition and density, Shanon Wienner species diversity, Evenness, and Morisita Indices. The result indicates that there are 18 species of tunicates present at 3 m as well as 7 m depth of Samalona waters.. Result of the ecological analysis shows that species diversity can be categorized as moderate and there were no dominant species. Environmental parameters indicates that water quality at Samalona waters was in good condition to support tunicates.
Atmaca H, Bozkurt E, Uzunoglu S, Uslu R, Karaca B. 2013. A diverse induction of apoptosis by trabectedin in MCF-7 (HER2- /ER+) and MDA-MB-453 (HER2+/ER-) breast cancer cells. Toxicology Letters 221:128-36.
Brower JE, ZR JH, Von Ende CN. 1998. Field and Laboratory Methods for General Ecology, Mc Graw Hill Company.
Bullard SG and Whitlach RB. 2009. In situ growth of the colonial ascidian Didemnumvexillum under different condition. Aquatic Invasion 4, 275-278.
Carman MR, Morris JA, Karney RC, Grunden DW.2010. An initial assessment of native and invasive tunicates in shellfish aquaculture of the northeast coast. Journal Applied Ichthyology 26:8-11.
Christine G, Litaay M, Gobel RB, Dwyana Z. 2015. Potency of tunicate Polycarapa aurata as inoculum source for endosymbiotic bacteria; characterization of isolates. In: Tahir (eds). Proceeding National Seminar on Marine and Fisheries. FIKP Unhas. Makassar, May 2015. [Indonesian]
de Voogd NJ, Cleary DFR, Hoeksema BW, Noor A, van Soest RWM. 2006. Sponge beta diversity in the Sangkarang Archipelago, SW Sulawesi, Indonesia. Marine Ecological Progress Series 309:131–142.
English S, Wilkinson C, Baker V. 1997. Survey Manual for Tropical Marine Resources.Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville.
Fikruddin MBAbdH. 2013. Distribution and diversity of Tunicate (Ascidiacea) at different habitat at waters of Badi, Bonebatang and Laelae Island. BSc Hon Thesis FIKP Hasanuddin University.
Gonzalez-Santiago L, Suarez Y, Zarich N, Munoz-Alonso M, Cuadrado A, Martinez T, Goya, Iradi A, Saez-Tormo G, Maier J. 2006. Aplidin® induces JNK-dependent apoptosis in human breast cancer cells via alteration of glutathione homeostasis, Rac1 GTPase activation, and MKP-1 phosphatase downregulation. Cell Death & Differentiation 13:1968-81.
Karthikeyan MM, Ananthan G, Balasubramanian T. 2009. Antimicrobial Activity of Crude Extracts of Some Ascidians (Urochordata: Ascidiacea), from Palk Strait, (Southeast Coast of India). World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences 1 (4): 262-267.
Kalimuthu S, Venkatesan J and Kim Se-Kwon. 2014. Marine Derived Bioactive Compounds for Breast and Prostate Cancer Treatment: A Review. Current Bioactive Compounds 10: 62-74.
Kiuru P, Valeria DʼAuria M, Muller CD, Tammela P, Vuorela H, Yli-Kauhaluoma J. 2014. Exploring Marine Resources for Bioactive Compounds. Planta Med 2014; 80: 1234–1246. DOI http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1055/s-0034-1383001 Published online September 9, 2014.
Kott P. 2005. Catalogue of Tunicata in Australian Waters. Queensland Museum, Brisbane, Australia. ISBN 0 642 56842 1.301. 301 p.
Litaay M, Christine G, Gobel RB, Dwyana Z. 2015. Bioactivity of tunicate Polycarpa aurata simbion as antimicrobe. In: Ohee (eds.) Proceeding the 23rd National Seminar of Indonesia Biology Society. Jayapura, 18 September 2015.
Massin 1999. Reef Dwelling Holothuroidea (Echinodermata) of The Sangkarang Archipelago (South-West Sulawesi, Indonesia). Zoologische Verhandelingen 329. National Natuurhistorisch Museum. Leiden.
Mawaleda R. 2014. Distribution and habitat preference Urochordata class Ascidiacea at coral reefs area of Barrang Lompo island of Makassar. BSc Hon Thesis FIKP Hasanuddin University.
Michaelson M, Bellmunt J, Hudes G, Goel S, Lee R, Kantoff P, Stein C, Lardelli P, Pardos I, Kahatt C. 2012. Multicenter phase II study of trabectedin in patients with metastatic castrationresistant prostate cancer. Annals of Oncology 23: 1234-40.
Misset J. 2006. A phase II study of Yondelis®(trabectedin, ET 743) as a 24-h continuous intravenous infusion in pretreated advanced breast cancer. Britainia Journal Cancer 94.
Moll H. 1983. Zonation and diversity of scleractinian on reefs of South Sulawesi Indonesia. [Thesis]. Netherland: Leiden University.
Murti Y and Agrawal T. 2010. Marine derived pharmaceuticals development of natural health products from marine biodiversity. International Journal of ChemTech Research 2 (4): 2198-2217.
Nurfadillah A, Litaay M, Gobel RB, Haedar N. 2015. Potency of tunicate Polycarpa aurata as inoculum source of sebagai sumber endosimbyotic fungsi that produce antimicrobe. Jurnal Alam and Lingkungan 6 (12): 10-16.
Page M and Kelly M. 2013. Awesome Ascidians, a Guide to the Sea Squirts of New Zealand. TC Media Ltd.53 pp.
Priosambodo D, Kneer D, Asmus H, Zamani NP, von Juterzenka K, Litaay M, Soekendarsi E. 2014. Community analysis of burrower shrimp in Bone Batang seagrass bed South Sulawesi. Proceeding of The First International Conference on Science (ICOS-1) 2014 ISBN 978-602-72198-0-9: 209 -219.
Pogoreutz, C, H. Asmus, H. Anelt. D. Kneer, M. Litaay. 2012. The influence of canopy structure and tidal level on fish assemblages in tropical Southeast Asian seagrass meadows. Eustarine Coastal and Shelf Science. 107 (2): 58-68.
Odum EP. 1993. General Ecology. Indonesia version: Dasar-Dasar Ekologi (Tjahjono Samingan; penyunting B. Srigandono). Yogyakarta, Gadjah Mada University Press. 667 pp.
Radjasa OK, Vaske YM, Navarro G, Vervoort HC, Tenney K, Linington RG, Crews P. 2011. Highlights of marine invertebrate-derived biosynthetic products: Their biomedical potential and possible production by microbial associants Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 19: 6658–6674.
Renema WT and Simon R. 2001. Larger foraminifera distribution on a mesotrophic carbonate shelf in SW Sulawesi (Indonesia). Palaeogeography, Palaeo climatology, Palaeoecology 175:125-146.
Sabdono A and Radjasa OK. 2008. Microbial symbionts in marine sponges: Marine natural product factory. Journal Coastal Development 11: 57–61.
Sardiani N, Litaay M, Gobel RB, Dwyana Z. 2015. Potency of tunicate Rhopalaea sp as source of bacterial inoculum that produce antibacterial; isolates characterization. J. Alam dan Lingkungan 6: 11.
Shaala LA and Diaa Youssef TA. 2015. Identification and Bioactivity of Compounds from the Fungus Penicillium sp. CYE-87 Isolated from a Marine Tunicate. Marine Drugs 2015, 13, 1698-1709; doi:10.3390/md13041698.
Sinko J, Rajchard J, Balounova Z, Fikotova L. 2012. Biologically active substances from water invertebrates: a review. Veterinarni Medicina, 57(4): 177–184.
Tahir E, Litaay M, Gobel RB, Haedar N, Prisambodo D, Syahribulan. 2016. Potency of tunicate Rhopalaea crassa as inoculum source of endosymbiont fungi that produce antimirobe. Marine Science Journal Spermonde 2(2): 33-37 [Indonesian].
WoRMS. 2017. World Register of Marine Species. http://www.marinespecies.org/ aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=146420.
Verheij E. 1993. Marine plants on the reefs of the Sangkarang Archipelago, SW Sulawesi, Indonesia: aspect of taxonomy, floristics and ecology. [Dissertation] Leiden: Rijksherbarium / Hortus Botanicus.
Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License