Production capacity of Broiler Chickens Given Dietary Red Guava Fruit Meal as source of Natural Antioxidant


  • Sian H. L. Bikrisima
  • L. D. Mahfudz
  • N. Suthama



The aim of the research was to determine the effectivity of the dietary inclusion of red guava fruit on the production capability of broiler chicken. An amount of 120 birds of unsex broiler chicken were randomly assigned in floor pen based on a completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 4 replications consisted of 6 chicken each. Dietary treatments of the inclusion of red guava fruit were offered for 4 weeks, i.e.: without red guava (T0), 1.7% (T1), 3.4% (T2), and 5.1% (T3) respectively red guava fruit meal and diet with synthetic vitamin C (T4). The parameters measured were production capability (muscle protein and calcium mass, carcass weight, meat, and bone production). The results showed that muscle protein mass, calcium mass and bone production showed no significant differences (P>0.05) due to the treatments. Weight of carcass of T2 was significantly highest (617.75 g) compared to other treatments and meat production was significantly higher (259.25 g) compared to T4 (193.25 g), but not significant differences compared to other treatments. The results of the present study can be concluded that feeding red guava fruit meal at the level of 3.4% equal to 500 ppm vitamin C as a source of  natural antioxidant can improve production capability.


Download data is not yet available.


AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis of the AOAC. AOAC Inc. Arlington, Virginia.

Amrullah, I. K. 2004. Nutrisi Ayam Broiler. Lembaga Satu Gunungbudi, Bogor.

Anim, J.A., T.L. Lin, P.Y. Hester, D. Thiagarajan, B.A. Watkins, and C.C. Wu. 2000. Ascorbic acid supplementation improved antibody response to infectious bursal disease vaccination in chickens. Poultry Sci. 79:680-688.

Bendich, A. and J.A. Olson. 1989. Biological actions of carotenoids. FASEB J. 3:1927-1932.

Bonnet, S., P.A. Geraert, M. Lessire, B. Carre, and S. Guillaumin. 1997. Effect of high ambient temperature on feed digestibility in broilers. Poultry Sci. 76:857-863.

Charles, D. R. 2002. Responses to the thermal environment. Poultry Problems, a guide to solutions. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham.

Cooper, M.A., and K.W. Washburn. 1998. The relationship of body temperature to weight gain, feed consumption and feed utilization in broilers under heat stress. Poultry Sci. 77:237-242.

Daghir, N. J. 2008. Poultry Production in Hot Climates 2nd Ed. Cromwell Press, Trowbridge.

Dozier, W.A., B.D. Lott, and S.L. Branton. 2005. Growth responses of male Broilers subjected to increasing air velocities at high ambient temperatures and a high dew point. Poultry Sci. 84 : 962 - 966.

Edwards, H.M.Jr. 2000. Nutrition and skeletal problems in poultry. Poultry Sci. 79:1018-1023.

Geraert, P. A., J.C.F. Padilha, and S. Guillaumin. 1996. Metabolic and endocrine changes induced by chronic heat exposure in broiler chickens : growth performance, body composition and energy retention. Br. J. Nutr. 75 : 195 – 204.

Greenspan, F. S. 2000. Endokrinologi Dasar dan Klinik. EGC, Jakarta.

Ichsan, M. 1991. Respon Broiler terhadap Suplementasi Vitamin C. Disertasi Fakultas Pascasarjana, Program Studi Ilmu Ternak, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Ishida, B.K., G.E., Bartley. 2005. Carotenoids: Chemistry, Sources, and Physiology. 2nd Ed. Elsevier, Albany.

Lara, L. J., and M. H. Rostagno. 2013. Impact of heat stress on poultry production. Anim. 3 : 356 – 369.

Leeson, S., and J. D. Summers. 2001. Nutrition of the Chicken. 4th Ed.Univ. Book, Ontario.

Linder, M. C. 1992. Biokimia Nutrisi dan Metabolisme dengan Pemakaian Secara Klinis. UI Press, Jakarta.

Lohakare, J. D., M. H. Ryu, T. W. Hahn, J.K. Lee, and B. J. Chae. 2005. Effects of supplemental ascorbic acid on the performance and immunity of commercial broilers. J. Appl. Poultry Res. 14:10-19.

McDowell, L. R. 2000. Vitamins in Animal and Human Nutrition. 2nd Ed. Iowa State University Press, Iowa.

Muramatsu, T., and J. I. Okumura. 1985. Whole – body protein turnover in chicks at early stages of growth. J. Nutr. 115 : 483 – 490.

Noorozi, M., W. J. Angerson, and M.E.J. Lean. 1998. Effects of flavonoids and vitamin c on axidative DNA damage to human lymphocytes. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 67 : 1210-1218.

Orban, J.I., D.A. Roland, S.R., K. Cummins, R.T. Lovell. 1993. Influence of large doses of ascorbic acid on performance, plasma calcium, bone characteristics, and eggshell quality in broilers and leghorn hens. Poultry Sci. 72(4) : 691-700.

Osei, S. A., J. A. Hagan, A. Donkoh, C. C. Atuahene. 1998. Effects of dietary vitamin C addition on the performance of broilers in a hot, humid environment. Ghana J. Agric. Sci. 31 : 113-116.

Parimin, S.P. 2005. Jambu Biji (Budi Daya dan Ragam Pemanfaatannya). Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta.

Pond, W. G., D. C. Church and K. R. Pond. 1995. Basic Animal Nutrtion and Feeding. 4th Ed. John and Willey, New York.

Rao, A.V., S. Agarwal. 2000. Role of antioxidant lycopene in cancer and heart disease. J. Am. College Nutr. 19 (5) : 563-569.

Sandercock, D.A., R.R. Hunter, G.R. Nute, M.A. Mitchell, and P.M Hocking. 2001. Acute heat stress-induced alterations in blood acid-base status and skeletal muscle membrane integrity in broiler chickens at two ages : Implications for meat quality. Poultry Sci. 80 : 418-425.

Siswohardjono, W. 1982. Beberapa metode pengukuran energi metabolis bahan makanan ternak itik. Makalah Seminar Fakultas Pascasarjana. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Steel, R. G. D., and J. H. Torrie. 1995. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika. Edisi Ke-2. PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta. (Diterjemahkan oleh B. Sumantri).

Surai, P. F. 2007. Natural Antioxidants in Poultry Nutrition : New Developments. 16th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition. Pp. 669-676.

Suthama, N. 1990. Mechanism of Growth Promotion Induced by Dietary Thyroxine in Broiler Chickens. Kagoshima University, Kagoshima (Disertasi).

Suthama, N. 2003. Metabolisme protein pada ayam kampung periode pertumbuhan yang diberi ransum memakai dedak fermentasi. J. Pengemb. Pet. Trop. Special Edition. Hal. 44-48.

Suthama, N. 2010. Pakan Spesifik Lokal dan Kualitas Pertumbuhan untuk Produks Ayam Lokal Organik. Pidato Pengukuhan Guru Besar Ilmu Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak. Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang.

Vathana, S., K. Kang, C.P. Loan, G. Thinggaard, J.D. Kabasa, U.ter Meuler. 2002. Effect of vitamin C supplementation on performance of broiler chickens in Cambodia. Procceding Int. Conf. on Int.


Vinson, J. A., and P. Bose. 1983. Comparative bioavailability of synthetic and natural vitamin C in guinea pigs. Nutr. Rep. Int. 27(4).

Young, I.S. and J.V. Woodside. 2001. Antioxidants in health and disease. J. Clin Pathol. 54:176-186.