Main Article Content


AbstractThis article is a historical and conceptual analysis of World Systems Theory which proposed by Immanuel Wallerstein. This paper aims to explore historical framework of world system theory, explain the unit of analysis, and describe its relationship with other social science theories. Historical exploration of Wallerstein and this theory show a strong influence of historical study were obtained from Wallerstein background and people around him. Conceptual analysis to this theory shows that Wallerstein use Marx’s concept about social class struggle then raise in a global context by using state as the actors. In conjunction with other theories, world system theory fundamentally supports theory of dependence from Gunder Frank, and otherwise sharply criticizes modernization approach and developmental stage model by Walt Rostow.  


Keywords World-system theory Immanuel Wallerstein core-periphery Capitalism Marxism.

Article Details


  1. References
  2. Goldfrank, Walter L. 1979. The World-System of Capitalism: Past and Present. London: Sage Publication.
  3. Goldfrank, Walter L. 2000. “Paradigm regained? The rules of Wallerstein's World-System Method”.Journal of World-Systems Research. Vol. 6. N. 2. pp. 150-195.
  4. Hobden, Stephen & Jones, Richard Wyn. 2008. “Marxist Theories of International Relations”. In Baylis, Steve Globalization of World Politics. New York: Oxford University Press.
  5. Hopkins, Terence K & Wallerstein, Immanuel. 1996. The Age of Transition: Trajectory of the World-System, 1945-2025. London: Zed Books.
  6. Prebisch, Raul. 1950. The Economic Development of Latin America and Its Principal Problems. New York: United Nations
  7. So, Alvin Y. 1990.Social Change and Development. Newbury Park: Sage Publications.
  8. Wallerstein, Immanuel. 1974. The Modern World-System I: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century. New York: Academic Press.
  9. ---------------------------. 1975. World Inequality: Origins and Perspectives on the World System. Montreal: Black Rose Books.
  10. ---------------------------. 1979. Capitalist World-Economy. London: Cambridge University Press.
  11. ---------------------------. 1980. The Modern World-System II: Mercantilism and the Consolidation of the European World-Economy, 1600-1750. New York: Academic Press.
  12. ---------------------------. 1989. The Modern World-System III: The Second Great Expansion of the Capitalist World-Economy, 1730-1840's. San Diego: Academic Press.
  13. ---------------------------. 2004. World-Systems Analysis. Durham: Duke University Pres.