Ensuring Peace Environment in Post Conflict Society Through Institutional Engineering; An Indonesian Case Study

Andi Ahmad Yani


Most studies examine post conflict society based in security and aid management approach for conflict-management. However, some scholars in conflict studies also suggest an institutional design approach to accommodate conflict parties in aftermath regions, which focuses on seeking an appropriate and acceptable “formula” to resolve conflicts. Based on Indonesia’s case, this study proposes a political compromise approach among different parties, at least for core conflict groups, to formulate an institutional framework in ensuring sustainable peace. This study discusses the feasibility of institutional design in order to mitigate dispute escalation in conflict-prone areas in Indonesia through applying theories of centripetalism (Lijphart,1969) and consocialism (Horowitz, 1985). This paper utilizes the analysis tool of  Ilievski and Wolff (2011) to analyze the institutional design of conflict resolution


Keywords: Post Conflict Governance, Peace Study, Institutional Theory, Indonesian Study

Full Text:



Barron, Patrick, Kai Kaiser, and Menno Pradhan (2004) Local Conflict in Indonesia; Measuring Incidence and Identifying Patterns. Policy Research Working Paper 3384, August 2004. World Bank.


Barron, Patrick, Kai Kaiser, and Menno Pradhan (2009a) Understanding Variations in Local Conflict: Evidence and Implications from Indonesia. World Development Volume 37, No. 3, pp. 698–713.

Barron, Patrick, Sana Jaffrey, Blair Palmer and Ashutosh Varshney (2009b) Understanding Violent Conflict in Indonesia: A Mixed Methods Approach. Indonesian Social Development Paper No. 15. World Bank. Jakarta.


Brinkerhoff, Derick W. Eds, (2007) Governance in Post-Conflict Societies; Rebuilding Fragile States. Routledge. New York.

Caluwaerts, Didier How (2010) Prudence Comes about: a New Institutional Interpretation of Consociationalism. Paper prepared for the 2010 ECPR Conference in Dublin http://www.ecprnet.eu/databases/conferences/papers/311.pdf

Dixon, Paul (2011) Is Consociational Theory the Answer to Global Conflict?; From the Netherlands to Northern Ireland and Iraq. Political Studies Review: 2011 VOL 9, 309–322.

El Mufti, Karim (2008) Power Sharing Imposed - The Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Power Sharing: Concepts and Cases, Theodor Hanf. Eds . p. 55-66 the International Centre for Human Sciences

Fukuyama, Francis. (2011). The Origins pf Political Order; From Prehuman Times to the French Revolution, Profile Books. London.

Farazmand, Ali (2010) Bureaucracy and Democracy: A Theoretical Analysis, Public Organization Review, 2010 Vol 10; pp 245–258

Geiger, Thierry (2011) The Indonesia Competitiveness Report 2011; Sustaining the Growth Momentum, the World Economic Forum.


Huntington, Samuel P. (1968[2006]) Political Order in Changing Society, Yale University Press. New Haven and London.

Horowitz, D. L. (1985) Ethnic Groups in Conflict. University of California Press. Berkeley, C.

Horowitz, D. L. (1991) A democratic South Africa? Constitutional Engineering in a Divided Society. University of California Press. Berkeley.

Horowitz, D. L. (2002), Constitutional Design: Proposals Versus Processes, in Reynolds, E. (ed.), The Architecture of Democracy. Constitutional Design, Conflict Management, and Democracy. Oxford University Press, pp. 15‐36. Oxford:

Horowitz, D. L. (2004) The Alternative Vote and Interethnic Moderation: A reply to Fraenkel and Grofman, Public Choice, vol. 121, no: 3-4 (December 2004), 507-17.

Horowitz, D.L. (2007) The Many Uses of Federalism. Drake Law Review 55(4): 953–66.

Ilievski, Zoran and Wolff, Stefan (2011) Ethnic Conflict Regulation as Institutional Design:

The Case of the Western Balkans¸ http://www.stefanwolff.com


Kauzya, Jhon-Mary. (2007) The Role of Political Leadership in Reconstructing Capacities forPublic Service after Conflict; Building Capacities for Public Service in Post-Conflict Countries, United Nation Publication, New York.

Katorobo, James. (2005) Governance Breakdown and Post Conflict Reconstruction, A Paper in Ad Hoc Group of Experts meeting on Anchoring Peace: Reconstructing Governance and Public Administration,Yaounde, Cameroon.

Kingsbury, Damien (2007a) Political Development, Routledge. New York.

Klinken, Gerry van (2000) The Maluku Wars: Bringing Society Back In. Indonesia, Volume 71, April 2001, pp. 1-26

Klinken, Gerry van (2007a) Communal Violence and Democratization in Indonesia: Small Town Wars. Routledge. London.

Klinken, Gerry van (2007b) Communal Conflict and Decentralization in Indonesia. Occasional Papers Series Number 7, July 2007. The Australian Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies (ACPACS), the University of Queensland, Brisbane

Lijphart, Arend (1969) Consociational Democracy.World Politics, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Jan., 1969), pp. 207-225.

Lijphart, Arend (1996) The Puzzle of Indian Democracy: A Consociational Interpretation. The American Political Science Review, Vol. 90, No. 2 (Jun., 1996), pp. 258-268.

Lijphart, Arend (2002) The Wave of Power sharing Democracy in The Architecture of Democracy: Constitutional Design, Conflict Management and Democracy, ed. by A. Reynolds. Oxford University Press. Oxford.

Mishra, Satish Chandra (2009) Is Indonesia Vulnerable to Conflict?; An Assessment. Strategic Asia Indonesia and commissioned by United States Agency for International Development.


Peter, B. Guy (2005) The Institutional Theory in Political Science; The New Institutionalism, Continuum.New York.

Powell, Andrea (2010) The Mindanao Conflict: Ethnic Tensions in the Southern Philippines. May 17, 2010. www.usfca.edu/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=4294973608

Reilly, B. (2001) Democracy in Divided Societies: Electoral Engineering for Conflict Management. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Reilly, Benjamin (2012) Institutional Designs for Diverse Democracies: Consociationalism, Centripetalism and Communalism Compared. European Political Science: Jun 2012, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p259-270

Scott, W. Richard (2004). Institutional theory in Encyclopedia of Social Theory by George Ritzer, ed. Pp: 408-414. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

The Asia Foundation (2007) Elections and Good Governance in Indonesia, http://asiafoundation.org/resources/pdfs/IDelectionseng.pdf.

Varshney, Ashutosh, Rizal Panggabean, Mohammad Zulfan Tadjoeddin (2004) Patterns of Collective Violence in Indonesia (1990-2003). United Nations Support Facility for Indonesian Recovery (UNSFIR). Jakarta.

Wilson, Christopher (2005) Overcoming Violent Conflict Peace And Development Analysis in Indonesia, Crisis Prevention and Recovery Unit (CPRU). United Nations Development Program (UNDP). Jakarta.

Wilson, Christopher (2008) Ethno-religious Violence in Indonesia; From soil to God. Routledge. New York.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Journal of Society and Governance has been indexed in :




Flag Counter



Journal of Society and Governance (JSG)
Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Hasanuddin University
ISSN Print : 2579-5996 ISSN Online : 2579-6003

Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan KM.10 Tamalanrea, Makassar 90245
Telp/fax. +62 411585024 SMS Gateway : +62811444874
Email: jsg@unhas.ac.id