Pengaruh Pemberian Susu Tinggi Protein terhadap Tingkat Nafsu Makan dan Kadar Glukosa Postprandial

Harna Harna, Clara M.Kusharto, Katrin Roosita, Andi Muh Asrul Irawan


Susu tinggi protein merupakan makanan kompleks yang mengandung beberapa senyawa bioaktif yang potensial memiliki efek terhadap nafsu makan. Namun, mekanisme susu tinggi protein terhadap nafsu makan masih kurang dipahami pada orang dewasa dengan berat badan kurang. Penelitian bertujuan menganalisis pengaruh susu protein tinggi terhadap tingkat nafsu makan dan glukosa postprandial. Penelitian menggunakan experimental trial desain randomized controlled trial. Subjek dibagi menjadi dua kelompok, yaitu 24 subjek pada kelompok perlakuan dan 23 subjek pada kelompok kontrol. Kelompok perlakuan diberi susu tinggi protein dan kelompok kontrol diberi glukosa. Tingkat nafsu makan meliputi tingkat kelaparan, kepuasan, dan keinginan untuk makan dievaluasi menggunakan Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), yang dianalisis dalam incremental Area Under the Curve (iAUC). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada peningkatan yang signifikan nilai iAUC tingkat rasa lapar pada kelompok perlakuan dibandingkan dengan kontrol (p<0,05), dengan 8881±638,4 kelompok perlakuan dan 7297,8±439,6 kelompok kontrol. Tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan pada tingkat kepuasan dan keinginan untuk makan antara kedua kelompok (p>0,05). Kadar glukosa postprandial pada kelompok perlakuan signifikan (p<0,05) lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan kelompok kontrol. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa intervensi susu tinggi protein kemungkinan dapat meningkatkan tingkat rasa lapar pada orang dewasa dengan berat badan kurang

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