Spatio-Temporal Model of Rainfall Data Using Kalman Filter and Expectation-Maximization Algorithm

Authors

  • Amran Amran Dept. of Statistics, Hasanuddin University
  • Muh. Idil Islami
  • A. Kresna Jaya
  • Bambang Bakri

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20956/jmsk.v17i2.11918

Keywords:

Spatial-Temporal Model, Kalman Filter, Expectation-Maximization Algorithm, Bootstrap, Rainfall

Abstract

Location and time dimension data modeling, also known as spatial-temporal data, generally has high complexity. This study analyzes a spatial-temporal model of rainfall data and climate variables, namely temperature, and humidity. The complexity of the relationship between variables and parameters in the spatial-temporal model is simplified by a hierarchical approach. The parameter estimation of the ratio-temporal model uses the Kalman Filter approaches and the Expectation-Maximization (EM) method combined with the bootstrap method to calculate the standard error estimation. Implementation of the spatial-temporal model on rainfall data in South Sulawesi Province with temperature and humidity shows that there is a relationship between rainfall and temperature and humidity.

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Published

2020-12-23

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Research Articles