Food Security Strategy in The Pandemic Time Covid-19: Strengthening Village Potential Through Sustainable Farming In Indonesia

Main Article Content

Tasya Adhila Amalia
Jordan Aria Adibrata
Riko Ratna Setiawan


This paper aims to explain how the government should be able to optimize the village sector from a policy perspective in order to achieve sovereignty in the agricultural sector, and make it an alternative strategy of high significance during a pandemic. This is because so far the village has not become the main actor in achieving national food security, even though this sector has various potentials that can be developed through the principle of sustainable farming. This paper uses descriptive-qualitative methods using secondary data sources through literature and documentation studies. Various approaches such as the concept of Food Security, Securities Theory, and the concept of Decision Making as an analytical tool in studying the phenomena raised. As a result, the case study of the use of the Peatland Project (PLG) in the Food Estate program in the era of the Joko Widodo administration is a form of inefficiency because it has to go through a long process so that optimal results will only make Indonesia slow to prepare to face the world food crisis. Optimizing villages with the empowerment of the crop rotation method can provide significant changes in strengthening food through quality production and can reduce Indonesia's dependence on imports. This certainly shows that sustainable farming through village optimization can improve community welfare.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Amalia, T. A., Adibrata, J. A. and Setiawan, R. R. . (2022) “Food Security Strategy in The Pandemic Time Covid-19: Strengthening Village Potential Through Sustainable Farming In Indonesia”, Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, 18(2), pp. 129-140. doi: 10.20956/jsep.v18i2.13733.


AgroIndonesia. (2020). ‘Food Estate’ Kalteng Optimalkan Lahan Eks PLG. Retrieved Februari 5, 2021, from

Aprilianti, I., Amanta, & Felippa. (2020). Indonesian Food Trade Policy during Covid-19: Ringkasan Kebijakan. Jakarta: Center for Indonesian Policy Studies.

Bantacut, T. (2014). Agenda Pembangunan Pertanian dan Ketahanan Pangan 2014-2019. Jurnal Pangan, 23(3), 278-295.

BPK RI. (2012, November 17). Undang-undang (UU) No. 18 Tahun 2012 tentang Pangan. Retrieved Februari 6, 2021, from

Cote, A. (2016). Agents without Agency: Assessing the Role of the Audience in Securitization Theory. Security Dialogue, 6(47), 541-558.

Food and Agricultue Organization of The United Nations. (n.d.). Conservation Agriculture. Retrieved Februari 3, 2021, from

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Addressing the Impacts of COVID-19 in Food Crises April–December 2020. Roma: FAO.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (2020). FAO-WFP Early Warning Analysis of Acute Food Insecurity Hotspots October 2020. Roma: FAO. (2020). Program Cetak Sawah Berpotensi Meningkatkan Kerawanan Karhutla. Retrieved Februari 5, 2021, from

Hartik, A. (2017). 82 Persen Desa di Indonesia Masih Andalkan Sektor Pertanian, diakses dalam . Retrieved Februari 6, 2021, from

Indonesia, S. K. (n.d.). Menhan Siap Dukung ‘Food Estate’ dan Hadapi Krisis Pangan Dunia Akibat Pandemi. Retrieved Februari 6, 2021, from

Lenz-Raymann, K. (2014). Securitization Theory: Legitimacy in Security Politics. In Counter-Terrorism and Freedom of Religion in Central Asia. Securitization of Islam: A Vicious Circle (pp. 243-256). Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag.

Mawardi, I. (2007). Rehabilitasi dan revitalisasi Eks Proyek Pengembangan Lahan Gambut di Kalimantan Tengah. Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan, 8(3), 287-297.

Paipan, S., & Abrar, M. (2020). Determinan Ketergantungan Impor Beras di Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Politik, 11(1).

Reason, J. (1990). Human Error (1st ed.). Farnham: Ashgate.

Shalihah, N. F. (2020). Mengenal Food Estate, Program Pemerintah yang Disebut Dapat Meningkatkan Ketahanan Pangan. Retrieved Februari 6, 2021, from

SMERU Research Institute. (2020). Tinjauan Strategis Ketahanan Pangan dan Gizi di Indonesia: Informasi Terkini 2019–2020. Jakarta: SMERU.

Surahman, A., Soni, P., & Shivakoti, G. P. (2017). Are Peatlands Farming Systems Sustainable? Case Study on Assessing Existing Farming Systems in the Peatland of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, 15(1).

Yuliawati. (2020). Jokowi Waspadai Krisis Pangan, Ini Peringatan FAO saat Pandemi Corona. Retrieved Februari 4, 2021, from