PENGARUH VARIASI KADAR PEREKAT TAPIOKA TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK BRIKET ARANG LIMBAH KAYU SENGON (Falcataria moluccana)

The Influence of Adhesive Content Variation on the Characteristics of Sengon (Falcatataria moluccana) Wood Charcoal Briquettes

Authors

  • Siti Mutiara Ridjayanti Universitas Lampung
  • Wahyu Hidayat
  • Rahmi Adi Bazenet
  • Irwan Sukri Banuwa
  • Melya Riniarti

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24259/perennial.v17i1.13504

Keywords:

briket arang, kadar perekat, Pirolisis, Sengon (Falcataria mollucana), tepung tapioka

Abstract

Biomass waste that has not been utilized properly is wood waste from Sengon (Falcataria moluccana). There is a high potential for these wastes to be used as solid fuel. The quality can be further improved by converting them into charcoal briquettes. This study aimed to determine the effects of adhesive content on the bioenergetic properties of charcoal briquette from sengon wood wastes. Sengon wood waste charcoal was produced with a pyrolysis method at a temperature of > 500 ℃. The charcoal briquettes were produced by mixing charcoal powders with tapioca starch with 5%, 10%, and 15%. The mixed charcoal powders and adhesives were then put into a metal cast and pressed using a Universal Testing Machine (UTM) Testometric M500-50AT under compression of 2,59-5,17 N/mm2 and a target density of 0,5 g/cm3. Biomass briquettes from sengon wood particles were also produced for comparison. The results showed oven-dry density of 0,23-0,25 g/cm3 and 0,18-0,20 g/cm3, for charcoal briquettes and biomass briquettes, respectively. Higher adhesive content increased the density of briquettes. Charcoal briquettes were more hydrophobic than biomass briquettes (control), showing a lower moisture content than control samples. The results of proximate analysis of charcoal briquettes showed volatile matter of 24,96–31,80%; ash content of 3,16–3,24%; and fixed carbon of 58,68–66.40%. Higher adhesive content increased the volatile matter, moisture content, and ash content of the charcoal briquettes and decreased the fixed carbon. The charcoal briquettes have a calorific value of 25,68-27,35 MJ/kg (6.137,67- 6.536,80 cal/g), which is remarkably higher than the control. Higher adhesive content tended to decrease the calorific value of the charcoal briquettes. Lower adhesive content will produce briquettes with good bioenergy characteristics. Sengon wood waste charcoal briquettes with 5% adhesive content have great potential to be developed as an alternative energy source.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ajimotokan, H. A., Ehindero, A. O., Ajao, K. S., Adeleke, A. A., Ikubanni, P. P., & Shuaib-Babata, Y. L. (2019). Combustion characteristics of fuel briquettes made from charcoal particles and sawdust agglomerates. Scientific African, 6, e00202.

Akowuah, J. O., Kemausuor, F., & Mitchual, S. J. (2012). Physico-chemical characteristics and market potential of sawdust charcoal briquette. International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering, 3(1), 1-6.

American Standard Testing and Material. (2003). ASTM D 1542-02 Standart Test Methods for Proximate Analysis of the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke by Instrumental Procedures. ASTM Internasional, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States

Anizar, H., Sribudiani, E. dan Somadona, S. (2020). Pengaruh Bahan Perekat Tapioka Dan Sagu Terhadap Kualitas Briket Arang Kulit Buah Nipah. Perennial. 16 (1) : 11-17.

Arhamsyah. (2010). Pemanfaatan Biomassa Kayu Sebagai Sumber Energi Terbarukan. Jurnal Riset Industri Hasil Hutan. 2 (1) : 42– 48.

Arifin, Z., Hantarum dan Nuriana, W. (2018). Nilai Kalor Briket Limbah Kayu Sengon Dengan Perekat Maizena Lebih Tinggi di Bandingkan Tapioka, Sagu Dan Tepung Singkong. Jurnal Pilar Teknologi. 3 (2) : 37 – 41.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2018). Statistik Produksi Kehutanan 2018. Publikasi. Jakarta. Badan Pusat Statistik. 72 hlm.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2019). Statistik Indonesia 2019. Publikasi. Jakarta. Badan Pusat Statistik. 738 hlm.

Haryanti, N. H., Wardhana, H., Husain, S., Anggraini, Y., & Sofi, N. (2018, November). Characterization of briquette from halaban charcoal and coal combustion ashes. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1120, No. 1, p. 012046). IOP Publishing.

Haryanto, A., Hidayat, W., Hasanudin, U., Iryani, D. A., Kim, S., Lee, S., & Yoo, J. (2021). Valorization of Indonesian Wood Wastes through Pyrolysis: A Review. Energies, 14(5), 1407.

Hidayat, W., Qi, Y., Jang, J., Febrianto, F., Lee, S., Chae, H., ... & Kim, N. (2017). Carbonization characteristics of juvenile woods from some tropical trees planted in Indonesia. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 62(1), 145-152.

Imanningsih, N. (2012). Profil gelatinisasi beberapa formulasi tepung-tepungan untuk pendugaan sifat pemasakan (Gelatinisation profile of several flour formulations for estimating cooking behaviour). Nutrition and Food Research, 35(1), 13-22.

Iskandar, T., & Rofiatin, U. (2017). Karakteristik biochar berdasarkan jenis biomassa dan parameter proses pyrolisis. Jurnal Teknik Kimia, 12(1), 28-35.

Karunanithy, C., Wang, Y., Muthukumarappan, K., & Pugalendhi, S. (2012). Physiochemical characterization of briquettes made from different feedstocks. Biotechnology research international, 2012.

Kongprasert, N., Wangphanich, P., & Jutilarptavorn, A. (2019). Charcoal briquettes from madan wood waste as an alternative energy in Thailand. Procedia Manufacturing, 30, 128-135.

Mahdie, M.F., Subari, D., Sunardi., dan Ulfah. (2016). Pengaruh campuran limbah kayu rambai dan api-api terhadap kualitas biopelet sebagai energi alternatif dari lahan basah. Jurnal Hutan Tropis. 4(3): 246-253.

Muharyani. R, Pratiwi. D, Asip. F. (2012). Pengaruh Suhu serta Komposisi Campuran Arang Jerami Padi dan Batubara Subbituminus pada Pembuatan Briket Bioarang. Jurnal Teknik Kimia. 18 (2) : 47-53.

Onchieku, J. M., Chikamai, B. N., & Rao, M. S. (2012). Optimum parameters for the formulation of charcoal briquettes using bagasse and clay as binder. European Journal of Sustainable Development, 1(3), 477-477.

Pambudi, F.K., Nuriana, W. dan Hantarum. (2018). Penurunan Nilai Kadar Air dan Laju Pembakaran pada Biobriket Limbah Kayu Sengon dengan Variasi Tekanan. Agritek. 19 (2) : 92 – 95.

Papilo, P., Kunaifi, Hambali, E., Nurmiati, Pari, R.F. (2015). Penilaian potensi biomassa sebagai alternatif energi kelistrikan. J. PASTI. IX(2) : 164 – 176.

Parikh, J., Channiwala, S. A., & Ghosal, G. K. (2005). A correlation for calculating HHV from proximate analysis of solid fuels. Fuel, 84(5), 487-494.

Qi, Y., Jang, J. H., Hidayat, W., Lee, A. H., Lee, S. H., Chae, H. M., & Kim, N. H. (2016). Carbonization of reaction wood from Paulownia tomentosa and Pinus densiflora branch woods. Wood Science and Technology, 50(5), 973-987.

Qistina, I., Sukandar, D., dan Trilaksono. (2016). Kajian kualitas briket biomass dari sekam padi dan tempurung kelapa. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Ilmu Kimia. 2(2): 136-142.

Rindayatno dan Lewar, D.O. (2017). Kualitas Briket Arang Berdasarkan Komposisi Campuran Arang Kayu Ulin (Eusideroxylon zwageri Teijsm dan Binn) dan Kayu Sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria (L). Nielsen). Jurnal Hutan Tropika. 1 (1) : 39-48.

Rosyadi, I.O.S. (2019). Pengaruh Variasi Bahan Perekat Briket terhadap Nilai Kalor, Kadar Air, Kadar Abu dan Waktu Penyalaan. Skripsi. Jember. Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik Universitas Jember. 58 hlm.

Rubiyanti, T., Hidayat, W., Febryano, I. G., & Bakri, S. (2019). Characterization of rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis) pellets torrefied with Counter-Flow Multi Baffle (COMB) reactor. Jurnal Sylva Lestari, 7(3), 321-331.

Salim, R. (2016). Karakteristik dan mutu arang kayu jati (Tectona grandis) dengan Sistem pengarangan campuran pada metode tungku drum. Jurnal Riset Industri Hasil Hutan, 8(2), 53-64.

Saparudin, Syahrul, dan Nurchayati. (2015). Pengaruh Variasi Temperatur Pirolisis Terhadap Kadar Hasil Dan Nilai Kalor Briket Campuran Sekam Padi-Kotoran Ayam. Dinamika Teknik Mesin. 5 (1): 16 – 24.

Shobar, S., Sribudiani, E., & Somadona, S. (2020). Characteristics of charcoal briquette from the skin waste of areca catechu fruit with various compositions of adhesive types. Jurnal Sylva Lestari, 8(2), 189-196.

Siadari, T. P., Hilmanto, R., & Hidayat, W. (2014). Potensi Kayu Rakyat dan Strategi Pengembangannya (Studi Kasus) di Hutan Rakyat Desa Buana Sakti Kecamatan Batanghari Kabupaten Lampung Timur. Jurnal Sylva Lestari, 1(1), 75-84.

Standar Nasional Indonesia. (2000). SNI 01-6235-2000 Briket Arang Kayu. Badan Standarisasi Nasional.

Sunardi, S., Djuanda, D., & Mandra, M. A. S. (2019). Characteristics of charcoal briquettes from agricultural waste with compaction pressure and particle size variation as alternative fuel. International Energy Journal, 19(3), 139-148.

The Japan Institute of Energy. (2008). Asian Biomass Handbook Pandungan untuk Produksi dan Pemanfaatan Biomassa. Kementrian Pertanian, Kehutanan dan Perikanan Jepang. Buku. 351 hlm.

Triono, A. (2006). Karakteristik Briket Arang dari Campuran Serbuk Gergajian Kayu Afrika (Maesopsis eminii Engl). Dan Sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria L. Nielsen) dengan Penambahan Tempurung Kelapa ( Cocos nucifera L). Bogor. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Uar, N.I. (2016). Produktivitas dan Rendemen Kayu Gergajian pada Perusahaan IUIPHHK PT. Katingan Timber Cebeles. Agrikan Jurnal Agribisis Perikanan. 9 (1) : 16 – 22.

Utama, R. C., Febryano, I. G., Herwanti, S., & Hidayat, W. (2019). Saluran Pemasaran Kayu Gergajian Sengon (Falcataria moluccana) pada Industri Penggergajian Kayu Rakyat di Desa Sukamarga, Kecamatan Abung Tinggi, Kabupaten Lampung Utara. Jurnal Sylva Lestari, 7(2), 195-203.

Zanella, K., Gonçalves, J. L., & Taranto, O. (2016). Charcoal briquette production using orange bagasse and corn starch. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 49, 313-318.

Published

2021-05-01 — Updated on 2021-05-01

How to Cite

Ridjayanti, S. M., Hidayat, W., Bazenet, R. A., Banuwa, I. S., & Riniarti, M. (2021). PENGARUH VARIASI KADAR PEREKAT TAPIOKA TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK BRIKET ARANG LIMBAH KAYU SENGON (Falcataria moluccana): The Influence of Adhesive Content Variation on the Characteristics of Sengon (Falcatataria moluccana) Wood Charcoal Briquettes. PERENNIAL, 17(1), 5-11. https://doi.org/10.24259/perennial.v17i1.13504

Most read articles by the same author(s)