Biologi Reproduksi Gurita, Octopus cyanea Gray, 1948 di Perairan Selat Makassar dan Teluk Bone

Authors

  • Sharifuddin Bin Andy Omar Program Studi Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan, Departemen Perikanan, Fakultas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Noviayu Wahyuddin Program Studi Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan, Departemen Perikanan, Fakultas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Andi Yeyen Apriani Program Studi Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan, Departemen Perikanan, Fakultas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Eka Aulia Junedi Program Studi Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan, Departemen Perikanan, Fakultas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Joeharnani Tresnati Program Studi Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan, Departemen Perikanan, Fakultas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Basse Siang Parawansa Program Studi Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan, Departemen Perikanan, Fakultas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Dwi Fajriyati Inaku Program Studi Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan, Departemen Perikanan, Fakultas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis biologi reproduksi gurita, Octopus cyanea Gray, 1849yang didaratkan di Pulau Bonetambung, Kota Makassar, dan di Pulau Burung Lohe, Kabupaten Sinjai. Kajian penelitian ini mencakup nisbah kelamin,tingkat kematangan gonad (TKG), ukuran pertama kali matang gonad, dan indeks kematangan gonad (IKG). Pengambilan sampel dilakukan sejak bulan April hingga Juli 2019. Sampel gurita hasil tangkapan nelayan dari kedua lokasi penelitian dibawa ke laboratorium untuk diukur panjang totalnya (TL, total length), ditimbang bobot tubuhnya (BW, body weight), dan dilanjutkan dengan pengamatan gonad secara visual untuk mengetahui jenis kelamin gurita tersebut. Nisbah kelamin gurita jantan dan betina di P. Bonetambung adalah 2,00:1,00, sedangkan di P. Burung Lohe adalah 1,00:1,44. Gurita betina matang gonad lebih banyak ditemukan selama penelitian dibandingkan gurita jantan di P. Bonetambung. Sebaliknya, gurita jantan matang gonad lebih banyak ditemukan daripada gurita betina di P. Burung Lohe. Gurita jantan matang gonad pada ukuran yang lebih kecil daripada gurita betina pada kedua lokasi penelitian. Nilai IKG gurita jantan di P. Bonetambung berkisar 0,2829-2,7532 dan gurita betina 0,0348-3,1267. Kisaran nilai IKG gurita jantan di P. Burung Lohe adalah 0,4726-2,2254 dan gurita betina 1,1153-3,3597. Secara umum, rerata IKG berdasarkan TKG gurita betina lebih besar daripada gurita jantan, baik di P. Bonetambung maupun di P. Burung Lohe.Kata kunci: biologi reproduksi, gurita, Octopus cyanea, Pulau Bonetambung, Pulau Burung Lohe

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alejo-Plata, M.C. & J.L. Gómez-Márquez. 2015. Reproductive biology of Octopus hubbsorum (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae) from the coast of Oaxaca, Mexico. American Malacological Bulletin 33(1): 1-12.

Alejo-Plata, M.C., J.L. Gómez-Márquez, S.R. Carrillo, & J.E. Herrera-Galindo. 2009. Reproducción, dieta y pesquería del pulpo octopus (Octopus) huhbsorum (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) en la costa de Oaxaca, México. Rev. Biol. Trop. 57: 63–78.

Alves, J. & M. Haimovici. 2011. Reproductive biology of Octopus tehuelchus d’Orbigny, 1834 (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae) in southern Brazil. The Nautilus 125(3):150–158.

Andy Omar, S. Bin. 1999. Biologi Reproduksi dan Upaya Budidaya Cephalopoda [Makalah Ilmiah]. Program Pasca Sarjana. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Andy Omar, S. Bin. 2002. Biologi Reproduksi Cumi-cumi (Sepioteuthis lessoniana Lesson, 1830). Disertasi. Program Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Andy Omar, S. Bin. 2013a. Cephalopoda: Keanekaragaman hayati dan peluang pengembangannya, hal. 123-134. Dalam A.I. Burhanuddin, M.N. Nessa & A. Niartiningsih (eds.) Membangun Sumber Daya Kelautan Indonesia. Gagasan dan Pemikiran Guru Besar Universitas Hasanuddin. IPB Press, Bogor.

Andy Omar, S. Bin. 2013b. Biologi Perikanan. Makassar. Fakultas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan. Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar.

Andy Omar, S. Bin, A.R.D. Safitri, A. Rahmadhani, J. Tresnati, Suwarni, M.T. Umar, E.S. Kaseng. 2020. Pertumbuhan relatif gurita, Octopus cyanea Gray, 1849 di perairan Selat Makassar dan Teluk Bone. Makalah disampaikan pada Simposium Nasional VII dan Internasional III Kelautan dan Perikanan, Fakultas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Universitas Hasanuddin, pada tanggal 5 – 6 Juni 2020, di Makassar.

Avila-Poveda, O.H., R.F. Colin-Flores, & C. Rosas. 2009. Gonad development during the early life of Octopus maya (Mollusca: Cephalopoda). Biol. Bull. 216: 94–102.

Cuccu, D., M. Mereu, C. Porcu, M.C. Follesa, Al. Cau & A. Cau. 2013. Development of sexual organs and fecundity in Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797 from the Sardinian waters (Mediterranean Sea). Mediterranean Marine Science 14/2: 270-277. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12681/mms.412

de Lima, F.D., T.S. Leite, M. Haimovici, & J.E. Lins-Oliveira. 2014a. Gonadal development and reproductive strategies of the tropical octopus (Octopus insularis) in northeast Brazil. Hydrobiologia 725: 7–21. DOI 10.1007/s10750-013-1718-z

de Lima, F.D., T.S. Leitea, M. Haimovici, M.F. Nóbrega, & J.E.L. Oliveira. 2014b. Population structure and reproductive dynamics of Octopus insularis (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae) in a coastal reef environment along northeastern Brazil. Fisheries Research 152: 86-92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2013.08.009.

Djasasasmita, M., S. Soemodiharji & B. Sudjoko. 1993. Status Sumberdaya Cephalopoda di Indonesia. Panitia Nasional Program MAB Indonesia. Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, Jakarta.

Estefanell, H., J. Socorro, F.J. Roo, R. Guirao, H. Fernández-Palacios & M. Izquierdo. 2010. Gonad maturation in Octopus vulgaris during ongrowing, under different conditions of sex ratio. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67:1487-1493.

Fernández-Núñez, M.M., C.L. Hernández-González, C.P. Raya & E. Balguerías. 1996. Reproductive biology of octopus Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797 from North Western African coast. Shellfish Committee C.M. 1996/K:15.

Fernández-Rueda, P. & L. García-Flórez. 2007. Octopus vulgaris (Mollusca:Cephalopoda) fishery management assessment in Asturias (north-west Spain). Fish. Res. 83 (2–3): 351–354.

Garcia, A. 2010. Comparative Study of the Morphology and Anatomy of Octopuses of the Family Octopodidae. Thesis. Auckland University of Technology, Auckland.

Gillespie, G.E., G . Parker and J . Morrison. 1998. A Review of Octopus Fisheries Biology and British Columbia Octopus Fisheries. Canadian Stock Assessment Secretariat. Research Document 98/87.

González, M., E. Barcala, J.-L. Pérez-Gil, M.N. Carrasco, & M.C. García-Martínez. 2011. Fisheries and reproductive biology of Octopus vulgaris (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) in the Gulf of Alicante (Northwestern Mediterranean). Medit. Mar. Sci., 12(2): 369-389. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.12681/mms.38.

Guard, M. & Y.D. Mgaya. 2002. The artisanal fishery for Octopus cyanea Gray in Tanzania. Ambio 31(7-8): 528-538.

Hanlon, R.T. & J.B. Messenger. 2018. Cephalopod Behaviour. Second edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Hernandez-Garcia, V., J.L. Hernandez-Lopez, & J.J. Castro-Hdez. 2002. On the reproduction of Octopus vulgaris off the coast of the Canary Islands. Fisheries Research 57: 197-208.

Jurado-Ruzafa, A., V. Duque & M.N. Carrasco. 2014. Reproductive aspects of Octopus vulgaris, Cuvier 1797 (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae), caught in Mauritanian waters by the industrial Spanish fleet (NW Africa). Vieraea 42: 149-164.

Kivengea. G.M., M.J. Ntiba, D.O. Sigana, & A.W. Muthumbi. 2014. Reproductive biology of the common octopus (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797) in South Kenya. Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. 13(1): 47-56.

Lopez-Uriarte, E. and E. Rios-Jara. 2009. Reproductive biology of Octopus hubbsorum (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) along the central Mexican Pacific coast. Bulletin of Marine Science 84: 109–121.

Mangold, K., 1983. Octopus vulgaris, pp. 334–364. In Boyle, P.R. (Ed.), Cephalopod Life Cycles. I –Species Accounts. Academic Press, London.

Mangold, K. 1987. Reproduction, pp. 157-200. In P.R. Boyle (ed.) Cephalopod Life Cycles. Volume 2. Comparative Reviews. Academic Press, London.

Norman, M.D., J.K. Finn, & F.G. Hochberg. 2016. Family Octopodidae, pp: 36-215. In P. Jereb, C.F.E. Roper, M.D. Norman, & J.K. Finn (eds.) Cephalopods of the World. An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of Cephalopod Species Known to Date. Volume 3.Octopods and Vampire Squids. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 4, Vol. 3. Rome.

Ortiz, N., M.E. Ré, F. Márquez, & N.G. Glembocki. 2011. The reproductive cycle of the red octopus Enteroctopus megalocyathus in fishing areas of Northern Patagonian coast. Fisheries Research 110: 217–223.

Osman, I.H., H.R. Gabr, S.G. El-Etreby & S.Z. Mohammed. 2014. Morphometric variations and genetic analysis of Lessepsian migrant Octopus aegina (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae). JKAU: Mar. Sci. 25(2): 23-40. DOI :10.4197/Mar. 25-2.2.

Paruntu, C.P., F.B. Boneka, & S.L. Talare. 2009. Gurita (Cephalopoda) dari perairan Sangihe, Sulawesi Utara. Ekoton 9(2): 13-27.

Raberinary, D. & S. Benbow. 2012. The reproductive cycle of Octopus cyanea in southwest Madagascar and implications for fisheries management. Fisheries Research 125–126: 190– 197.

Šifner, S.K. & N. Vrgoč. 2009. Reproductive cycle and sexual maturation of the musky octopus Eledone moschata (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae) in the northern and central Adriatic Sea. Scientia Marina 73(3): 439-447. doi: 10.3989/scimar.2009.73n3439

Silva, L., I. Sobrino & F. Ramos. 2002. Reproductive biology of the common octopus, Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797 (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae) in the Gulf of Cadiz (SW Spain). Bulletin of Marine Science 71(2): 837-850.

Silva, L., I. Sobrino & E. Hernández. 2014. Deep-sea incirrate octopus Velodona togata (Chun, 1915) in waters off Mozambique (SW Indian Ocean): Reproductive biology, distribution, and abundance. Fisheries Research 152: 98–105.

Smith, J.M., G.J. Pierce, A.F. Zuur, & P.R. Boyle. 2005. Seasonal patterns of investment in reproductive and somatic tissues in the squid Loligo forbesi. Aquatic Living Resources 18: 341–351.

Rodríguez-Rúa, A., I. Pozuelo, M.A. Prado, M.J. Gómez, & M.A. Bruzón. 2005. The gametogenic cycle of Octopus vulgaris (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) as observed on the Atlantic coast of Andalusia (south of Spain). Marine Biology (2005) 147: 927–933.

Udupa, K.S. 1986. Statistic method of estimating the size at first maturity in fisheries. Fishbyte. Vol 4(2): 8-10.

Downloads

Published

2020-07-22

How to Cite

Omar, S. B. A., Wahyuddin, N., Apriani, A. Y., Junedi, E. A., Tresnati, J., Parawansa, B. S., & Inaku, D. F. (2020). Biologi Reproduksi Gurita, Octopus cyanea Gray, 1948 di Perairan Selat Makassar dan Teluk Bone. Prosiding Simposium Nasional Kelautan Dan Perikanan, (7). Retrieved from https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/proceedingsimnaskp/article/view/10801