Asupan Gizi Makro dan Durasi Tidur pada Remaja Usia 16-18 Tahun dan Hubungannya terhadap Lama Menstruasi

Lilia Faridatul Fauziah, Diffah Hanim, Eti Poncorini Pamungkasari

Abstract


Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi variasi lama menstruasi akan merubah ritme hormonal siklus hipotalamus-pituitari-ovarium, sehingga secara tidak langsung merubah kadar sekresi hormon reproduksi. Asupan gizi diperkirakan menjadi salah satu faktor dalam pengaturan hormon reproduksi ini, demikian juga siklus tidur dan bangun pada remaja. Penelitian ini menganalisis hubungan asupan gizi makro dan durasi tidur dengan lama menstruasi pada remaja usia 16-18 tahun. 120 remaja putri dari 6 SMA Kota Magelang-Jawa Tengah berpartisipasi dalam studi cross sectional ini, dipilih menggunakan tehnik cluster random sampling. Data variabel bebas dan terikat dikumpulkan melalui tehnik wawancara menggunakan kuesioner. Analisis dengan uji korelasi untuk menganalisis hubungan antar masing-masing variabel bebas dengan variabel terikat (p-value<0,05) dan regresi linear berganda untuk mengetahui besarnya hubungan seluruh variabel bebas terhadap variabel terikat. Hasil uji korelasi Pearson, terdapat hubungan signifikan antara asupan energi (r=0.397:p=0.000), lemak (r=0.396:p=0.000), karbohidrat (r=0.337:p=0.000), dan durasi tidur (r=0.315:p=0.000) dengan lama menstruasi, sedangkan hasil uji korelasi Spearman Rank pada asupan protein tidak signifikan (r=0.018:p=0.841). Nilai R2 = 0.252. Penting untuk mengatur asupan gizi makro dan durasi tidur agar remaja memiliki lama menstruasi yang normal.


Keywords


Gizi makro, durasi tidur, menstruasi

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30597/mkmi.v15i1.5844

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