Penerapan School Based Vector Control (SBVC) untuk Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Vektor Penyakit di Sekolah

Nur Siyam, Widya Hary Cahyati

Abstract


Upaya mewujudkan sekolah sehat bebas vektor perlu ditingkatkan, karena semakin banyaknya penyakit menular akibat vektor seperti scabies, dermatitis, Diare, thypoid, serta DBD pada siswa. Langkah yang bisa diambil untuk membangun Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat (PHBS) dalam mencegah dan mengendalikan perkembangbiakan vektor penyakit salah satunya dengan menerapkan School Based Vector Control (SBVC) di sekolah. Penerapan SBVC ini menekankan pada kesadaran dan kepedulian siswa dalam pengendalian dan penciptaan lingkungan sehat. Tujuan penelitian adalah terbentuknya model SBVC dan mendapatkan gambaran efektifitas model SBVC sebagai upaya peningkatan PHBS dan penciptaan lingkungan sehat pada siswa. Penelitian di lakukan di SMP Islam Sultan Agung 4, Semarang. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh siswa SMP Islam Sultan Agung 4 Semarang. Sampel adalah siswa yang mempunyai permasalahan kesehatan dan kebiasaan tidak sehat sebanyak 30 siswa. Jenis penelitian adalah Kuasi Eksperimen dengan rancangan Non Randomized One Group Pretest- Posttest Design. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan observasi, wawancara, dan pengisian kuesioner. Instrument penelitian, checklist observasi, dan kuesioner. Analisis data univariat dan bivariat dengan uji statistik Wilcoxon. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan indikator kebersihan perorangan, kebersihan di dalam kelas, kebersihan di jamban dan tempat wudhu, dan kebersihan di halaman sekolah antara sebelum dan setelah diterapkan SBVC meningkat secara signifikan (p<0,05). Sehingga perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat pada siswa dalam mencegah dan mengendalikan vektor di sekolah meningkat signifikan (p=0,00).


Keywords


pencegahan; vektor; sekolah

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30597/mkmi.v14i1.3715

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