Tracing Bugis ethnicity through the existence of yellow-crested cockatoo in Masakambing Island, Indonesia


  • Ihsannudin Agribusiness Department, Agricultural Faculty, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura, Indonesia
  • Sriyono English Department, Social and Cultural Sciences Faculty, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura, Indonesia
  • Fuad Hasan Agribusiness Department, Agricultural Faculty, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura, Indonesia



Buginesse, Masakambing, Ethnographic, Sulawesi, Cockatoo


Masakambing Island has administratively located in the District of Masalembu, Sumenep Regency, East Java province, Indonesia. This island is an endemic habitat for the yellow-crested cockatoo sub-species abbotti (Cacatua sulphurea abbotti). This research aims to discover the history of the people inhabiting Masakambing island and traces of  Bugis culture through the existence of the yellow-crested cockatoo. The study was conducted using a qualitative method with an ethnographic design. The study results show that the origin people who inhabited this island were from the Bugis ethnic group. The local name Beka' reflects how the yellow-crested cockatoo is very close to Bugis culture on Masakambing island. Besides, the Bugis ethnic who inhabit Sulawesi island is familiar with the yellow-crested cockatoo, sub-species sulphurea, and djampea. The existence of yellow-crested cockatoos on Masakambing island still triggers questions because the location of Masakambing island is outside the Wallace line, which is not common to find families of parrots such as yellow-crested cockatoos.


Download data is not yet available.


Armstrong, M., Kimmerer, R. W., & Vergun, J. (2007). Education and research opportunities for traditional ecological knowledge. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 5(4), W12–W14.[w12:EAROFT]2.0.CO;2

Asfar, A. M. I. T., Asfar, A. M. I. A., & Nurannisa, A. (2021). Integration of Local Traditions Bugis-Makassarese: Learning Strategies to Improve Mathematical Communication Skills. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 1808(1).

Bandung, T. (2020). Budaya Bugis Dan Persebarannya Dalam Perspektif Antropologi Budaya. Lensa Budaya: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Budaya, 15(1), 27–36.

Berkes, F., Colding, J., & Folke, C. (2000). Rediscovery of Traditional Ecological Knowledge as Adaptive Management. Ecological Applications, 10(5), 1251–1262.

Biró, É., Babai, D., Bódis, J., & Molnár, Z. (2014). Lack of knowledge or loss of knowledge? Traditional ecological knowledge of population dynamics of threatened plant species in East-Central Europe. Journal for Nature Conservation, 22(4), 318–325.

de Arruda, J. C., da Silva, C. J., Sander, N. L., & Pulido, M. T. (2018). Traditional ecological knowledge of fish fauna in quilombolas on the Alto Guaporé, Mato Grosso, Southern Amazonia, Brazil. Boletim Do Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi:Ciencias Humanas, 13(2), 315–329.

Desmita. (2014). Psikologi Perkembangan Peserta Didik. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Eldridge, K. A. (2016). An analysis of archaeofauna recovered from a Russian period camp on St. Paul Island, Pribilof Islands, Alaska. Arctic Anthropology, 53(2), 33–51.

Halupka-Rešetar, S., & Radić, B. (2003). Animal Names Used in Addressing People in Serbian. Journal of Pragmatics, 35(12), 1891–1902.

Harris, J. B. C., Green, J. M. H., Prawiradilaga, D. M., Giam, X., Giyanto, Hikmatullah, D., Putra, C. A., & Wilcove, D. S. (2015). Using market data and expert opinion to identify overexploited species in the wild bird trade. Biological Conservation, 187, 51–60.

Hearn, K. P. (2021). Mapping the past: Using ethnography and local spatial knowledge to characterize the Duero River borderlands landscape. Journal of Rural Studies, 82(July 2020), 37–53.

Ihsannudin, I., Hidayat, K., Sukesi, K., & Yuliati, Y. (2020). Perception of the local community toward the yellow-crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea abbotti), a critically endangered species in Masakambing Island, Indonesia. Malaysian Journal of Society and Space, 16(4), 1–14.

Iucnredlist. (2017). Cacatua Sulphurea. Www.Iucnredlist.Org.

Law, R. (2013). Ouidah as a Multiethnic Community. In J. Cañizares-Esguerra, M. D. Childs, & J. Sidbury (Eds.), The Black Urban Atlantic in the Age of the Slave Trad (pp. 42–62). niversity of Pennsylvania Press.

Majid Cooke, F., & Johari, S. (2019). Positioning of Murut and Bajau identities in state forest reserves and marine parks in Sabah, East Malaysia. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 50(1), 129–149.

Musdaria, M. (2018). Prinsip-Prinsip Rumah Tradisional Bugis Dan Aplikasinya Terhadap Rumah Tanggap Banjir Di Makassar. A092-A100.

Naing, N., & Hadi, K. (2020). Vernacular architecture of buginese: The concept of local-wisdom in constructing buildings based on human anatomy. International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development, 8(3), 1–15.

Nandika, D., Agustina, D., Metz, S., & Zimmer, B. (2013). Kakatua Langka Abbotti dan Kepulauan Masalembu. Konservasi Kakatua Indonesia – The Indonesian Parrot Project.

Oberholser, H. C. (1912). Birds Collected by Dr. W. Abbott on Various Island in The Java Sea. Proc U.S Nst. Mus, 42(1912), 533.

Purba, Y., & Lisanti. (2021). Copra processing issue of migrant farmers in tidal land of South Sumatra. In S. T, S. A, A. M, P. S.M, C. D, & R. R. (Eds.), 1st International Conference on Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Rural Development, ICANaRD 2021. IOP Publishing Ltd.

Rahim, A. R. (2011). Nilai-Nilai Utama Kebudayaan Bugis. Penerbit Ombak.

Reuleaux, A., Siregar, B. A., Collar, N. J., Mardiastuti, A., & Marsden, S. J. (2022). Productivity constraints on Citron-crested Cockatoos in a rich community of large hole-nesting birds. Avian Research, 13(March), 100015.

Ridha, A. A. (2018). Task Commitment pada Mahasiswa Suku Bugis yang Merantau. Jurnal Psikologi, 45(1), 66–76.

Rinaldo, R., & Guhin, J. (2022). How and Why Interviews Work: Ethnographic Interviews and Meso-level Public Culture. Sociological Methods and Research, 51(1), 34–67.

Sharma, H. L., & Sarkar, C. (2019). Ethnography research: an overview. July.

Subaidah, T., Muharrami, L. K., Rosidi, I., & Ahied, M. (2019). Analisis Kemampuan Literasi Sains Pada Aspek Konteks Dan Knowledge Menggunakan Cooperative Proplem Solving (Cps) Dengan Strategi Heuristik. Natural Science Education Research, 2(2), 113–122.

Viciana, H. (2021). Animal culture: But of which kind? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 90(November), 208–218.

Whiten, A. (2011). The scope of culture in chimpanzees, humans and ancestral apes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 366(1567), 997–1007.

Zid, M., & Sjaf, S. (2009). Sejarah Perkembangan Desa Bugis-Makassar Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Sejarah Lontar, 6(2), 38–53.




How to Cite

Ihsannudin, I., Sriyono, S., & Hasan, F. (2022). Tracing Bugis ethnicity through the existence of yellow-crested cockatoo in Masakambing Island, Indonesia. ETNOSIA : Jurnal Etnografi Indonesia, 7(2), 183 - 195.



Research Articles